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Transcript of Venice
Hot and humid with temperatures reaching 95 °F.
Weather is pleasant.
Great for sightseeing the city.
Chilly and rarely snow
Temperatures rarely fall below 32° F.
Rarely rains and weather is great for sightseeing.
Made of 118 islands and 170 canals.
For this reason, Venice has 400 bridges!
Located in the marshy Venetian Lagoon.
Venice --> names after the ancient Veneti people.
First significantly settled around 5th century.
Republic of Venice existed from 7th century to 18th century.
Was the major Mediterranean maritime power from the 1300s to 1500s.
Venice is located in the Veneto region of Italy.
Venice is divided into six areas known as "sestieri".
Location of Venice
By, Anna Maneivch
People to People Final Project
Historically, each had autonomy.
Nowadays, all ruled by the govt. of Venice.
The 6 Sestieri of Venice
Republic of Venice
During its time as a republic, Venice:
Was the most successful Northern Italian state to have a republic lead by capitalist elite.
Was the leader in developing banking and creating a government bond market
Was a secular state:
Religious independence: it was independent of both Pope and Patriarch.
All merchants had the same privileges as local merchants
Fall of Republic of Venice
At the height of its power in the mid-15th century, the republic controlled land from Cyprus to Dalmatia and Istria to the Alps.
In 1797, the republic surrendered to Napoleon I, who gave Venice to Austria.
In 1848, Venice got rid of the Austrian rule by going under siege for a year.
Finally, in 1866, Venice became part of the kingdom of Italy.
Venetian Republic on Map
Modes of Transportation
To get into the City:
Some Islands permit traffic.
Other islands require a train ride to reach.
To move inside the city:
Riding the gondolas is a popular tourist mode of transportation.
Vaporetti, or waterbuses, are used to move within the city.
2 Main Sources of Income:
14 million tourists make Venice the second largest tourist destination in Italy, only following Rome.
Mestre is the part of Venice located on the actual continent.
Because of the heavy industry in the Mestre, it provides a lot of money for Venice.
Legislative body: City Council
Has 45 councillors elected every 5 years with the mayor.
The election of the councillors is based on a proportional system.
Executive body: City Committee
Has 12 assessors, who are nominated by the mayor.
The current mayor of Venice is Giorgio Orsoni.
Art and Culture
Venetian Buildings have been influenced by:
The island of Murano is famous for its glassware that has kept a steady income for Venice for years.
The glassware ranges by color, material and time period.