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The Miners' Strike 1984
Transcript of The Miners' Strike 1984
The strike took place in 1984's Britain under the Thatcher government and lasted a year. It is remembered as the most significant turning point in the power relationship between the working class and the privileged minority.
A massive pit closure programme was introduced by Margaret Thatcher and her Tory government in an effort to privatise the coalmining industry and to weaken the National Union of Mineworkers
In March 1984 more than 187,000 miners came out on strike when the National Coal Board announced that 20 pits in England would have to close with the loss of 20,000 jobs.
140,000 were members of the NUM
(1 March) National Coal Board announces closure of a mining pit.
(6 march) Scottish and Yorkshire areas of the NUM make strike official
(12 March) Half the country’s miners are on strike – this rises to over 80 percent over the course of the strike
(29 March) Transport unions ban the movement of coal
(14 May) Some 40,000 striking miners march in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire
(7 Dec) TUC says it will not take action in support of NUM
(28 Feb) NCB head Ian MacGregor pledges that sacked miners will not be re-employed
(3 March) NUM conference votes 98 to 91 to return to work
(5 March) Miners march back to work. All of Scargill’s predictions about pit closure plans are proven correct in years to come
The coalmining industry was finally privatised in December 1994
Many miners were forced into debt as the union did not make strike payments
Unemployment reached as high as 50% in some villages over the following decade