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Chapter 2 Arguments Based on Emotion: Pathos

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Brianna Alvarado

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 2 Arguments Based on Emotion: Pathos

Chapter 2
Arguments Based on Emotion: Pathos

Using Emotions to Build Bridges
Use emotions to connect with readers to show you empathize with them and their experiences.
Using the correct emotional appeal, you can establish an important connection with the audience. This connection is called a bridge.
A bridge is important when writing about matters the reader regards as sensitive.
Emotional ties help readers identify with your experiences.
Emotional appeals on a personal level are often largely effective.
Using Arguments Based on Emotion
Do not overdo it.
A small amount is effective, try not to play with reader's emotions.
It is important to decide which emotion to appeal to in order to make your argument effective.
What are Pathos
Pathos are emotional appeals that are used to persuade the audience.
Reading Critically for Pathos
Facts alone are not always effective enough.
This is why you should attempt to appeal to emotions.
You should use descriptive language to create a specific mood that influences emotions.
Using Emotions to Sustain an Argument
Some issues such
as racism, rape,
abortion, and gun
control provoke
strong feelings
and, as a result,
are often argued on emotional terms.
Emotional appeals make the argument more logical, stronger, or more memorable.
Using Humor
Humor allows the reader to be more open to a proposal one has to offer.
It is possible to make a point through humor that otherwise wouldn't have worked in sober writing.
Not all humor is well intentioned (argument cant be made to ridicule).
Humor is used to deal with specially sensitive issues.

Example:
Obama used descriptive language to describe September 11th and related it to Osama bin Ladin's death. It brought upon feelings of relief and pride.
Work Cited
Copyright Notice:
The following presentation contains copyrighted materials used under the Multimedia Guidelines and Fair Use exemptions of U.S copyright law. Further use is prohibited.
Chen, Ming. "Ming Chen's AP Lit Comp Blog." Lit Term 83-108. Blogspot, 12 Feb. 2013. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
Tibbs, Scott. "Banning Abortion at 20 Weeks – The Real Issue." HoosierAccess.com. N.p., 26 Aug. 2013. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
Knoll, Diana. "Logos, Ethos, and Pathos in Advertising." Logos, Ethos, and Pathos in Advertising. N.p., 16 Apr. 2013. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
Aragano, Jessica. "Jessica's Blog." Jessicas Blog. Penn State, 11 Oct. 2012. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
Lunsford, Andrea, John Ruszkiewicz, and Keith Walters. Everything's an Argument. 6th. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's , 2012. 30-41. Print.
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