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Transcript of Lesson Planning
Making the plan
Calculate the approximate time for each activity
You should establish specific objectives for the lesson
is matter of deciding exactly what you are going to teach, and how.
enables teachers to organise classroom learning situations toward chosen goals.
Only by delineating selected instructional objectives can she begin to arrange an appropriate sequence of classroom activities that progress in increasing levels of difficulty.
When planning a lesson
Classroom are dynamic environments and a lesson is an interactive event in which people react with each other and with the language.
Unexpected conversation or when a topic produces a level of interest in our students
Students might start trying to use some new grammar or vocabulary which we had not planned to introduce
an activity could be boring; may take more or less time than we anticipated. It is possible that something we thought would be fairly simple for our students turns out to be very difficult
Making the plan
The middle component
is not an optional but essential preparation for teaching
The activities should be appropriate for your objectives
For your learners
is a proposal for action, rather than a lesson blueprint to be followed slavishly.
There are a number of reasons why we may need to modify our proposal for action once a lesson is taking place
a lesson plan is a reflection of a philosophy of learning
planning of a specific lesson
Skill and language focus
Potential learner problems and possible solutions
procedures or activities
time management and class management (seating arrangement)
The final section of a lesson plan
comments that end the lesson
(e.g. a review or summary of the lesson)
homework and other assignments,
space for lesson evaluation by the teacher after the class is over
A good lesson:
has a sense of coherence and flow
students need to understand the rationale for each activity; also, they learn best when there are transitions from one activity to the next.
the teacher must be aware of the goals and objectives for the entire term before planning weekly and daily lessons.