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Gerard Manley Hopkins

English - Poetry Assignment
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english presentation

on 30 March 2011

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Transcript of Gerard Manley Hopkins

Man’s mounting spirit in his bone-house, mean house, dwells—
That bird beyond the remembering his free fells;
This in drudgery, day-labouring-out life’s age.

Though aloft on turf or perch or poor low stage,
Both sing sometímes the sweetest, sweetest spells,
Yet both droop deadly sómetimes in their cells
Or wring their barriers in bursts of fear or rage.

Not that the sweet-fowl, song-fowl, needs no rest—
Why, hear him, hear him babble and drop down to his nest,
But his own nest, wild nest, no prison.

Man’s spirit will be flesh-bound when found at best,
But uncumbered: meadow-down is not distressed
For a rainbow footing it nor he for his bónes rísen.
Gerard Manley Hopkins BACKGROUND INFO
July 28, 1844 – June 8, 1889
An English poet, Roman Catholic convert and a Jesuit priest
Born in Stratford , east of London
Eldest of nine children
Father was a marine insurance adjuster as well as a published writer/poet who has published many things in his lifetime
Both parents, Manley and Catherine (Smith) were highly religious High Church Anglicans
BEGINNINGS IN WRITING
Attended the Balliol college at Oxford
Was inspired by Christina Rossetti who became one of his biggest contemporary influences
Learned the welsh language and was inspired by the poetry and he created his own verse SUCCESSES

-Invented “spring rhythm” – a complex and very technically involved system of metrics which he derived partly from his knowledge of Welsh poetry , imitation of the rhythm of natural speech
Wrote “The Wreck of Deutschland” which was inspired by the Deutschland incident
awarded the third place in the Victorian Triumvirate FAILURES
He thought it was a sin that he had sexual attractions to other men, like Digby Augustus Stewart Mackworth Dolben, an English poet
Was in prolonged depression and he sensed that his prayers no longer reached God

Wreck of the Deutschland inspired by the Deutschland incident in 1866
 Steamboat travelling from Germany to New York
 Hit a blizzard in the middle of the ocean.
 Hopkins dedicated the poem to five nuns that died who were leaving Germany because of strict anti-catholic laws

Religion and Catholicism:
 a lot of people converted to Catholicism and anti-catholic laws started to lift.
 Manley refused to publish his poems in the end because he thought he might get to prideful. He had a hard time finding a balance between work and religion. Hence, most of his poems are about God, and the spirit
 Why his poems are depressing.
Contemporaries Elizabeth Barrett Browning also British, and the eldest of many children
wrote sonnets Charles Lutwidge Dodgson AKA Lewis Carroll
author of Alice in Wonderland
also wrote poetry A.E. Housman common theme of death 1806-1861 1832-1898 1859-1939 Alice Meynell 1847-1922
many religious themes in poems
converted to Catholicism Manley Hopkins (his father) published a volume of poetry a year before the birth of Gerard Hopkins
also published a novel Duns Scotus a medieval thinker
his writings convinced Hopkins to start writing again
helped Hopkins develop theory of inscape 1265-1308 Robert Bridges often corresponded with Hopkins
a poet himself
published Hopkins' poems after his death 1844-1930 John Keats 1795-1821 influenced Hopkins' first poems
romantic period
wrote many odes - At grammar school in Highgate. (1854-63) he won the poetry prize for “The Escorial”

-Wanted to be painter poet. However, he decided to burn his early poems because he thought his poetry was too individualistic.

-His most famous poem is the Windhover - Wanted to become a theologian of the Roman Catholic Church, but failed to pass the exam.

-Asked by religious superior to write a poem about a german ship but it never got published

-Was often gloomy, because of the feeling of rejection
-In 1884 he became a professor of greek literature at University College Dublin

-He wasn’t known as an effective teacher, so he became depressed and he wrote very sad poems known as “terrible sonnets” -Had a person that possibly greatly affected the tone of his poetry.

- Hopkins declared that it “was quite simply, the most momentous emotional event of his life” when he first met his friend Robert Bridges's distant cousin, friend, and fellow Etonian Digby Mackworth Dolben.

- Their relationship was abruptly ended by Dolben's drowning in June 1867, His poems began to sound different and more depressing from then on.

-Many people think that depression contributed to Hopkins’s death
-Gerard Manly Hopkins died in 1889 of typhoid. His last words were reportedly, "I am so happy!"
-His influence on poetry has been continuous, not only to writers but also to artists. BY: Jiwoan Song, Mina Moon, Miranda Nong, Yici Chang AS a dare-gale skylark scanted in a dull cage
Man’s mounting spirit in his bone-house, mean house, dwells—
That bird beyond the remembering his free fells;
This in drudgery, day-labouring-out life’s age.

Though aloft on turf or perch or poor low stage,
Both sing sometímes the sweetest, sweetest spells,
Yet both droop deadly sómetimes in their cells
Or wring their barriers in bursts of fear or rage.

Not that the sweet-fowl, song-fowl, needs no rest—
Why, hear him, hear him babble and drop down to his nest,
But his own nest, wild nest, no prison.

Man’s spirit will be flesh-bound when found at best,
But uncumbered: meadow-down is not distressed
For a rainbow footing it nor he for his bónes rísen. Analysis TITLE. ~The Caged Skylark~ TONE ~Serious, Reassuring, Hopeful MOOD ~Depressed, Intimidated, Relieved WORD CHOICE. - Gloomy, Solemn to light-
hearted, pleasant RHYME ~abba abba ccd ccd LITERARY DEVICES.~symbolism,
alliteration, repitition, metaphor Denotation & Connotation Stanza 1 stanza 2 stanza 3 stanza 4 Activity – The Caged Skylark
Let's see how much you remember!

1.Work in groups

2.Arrange the 14 lines in the correct order

4. Listen to the dramatic
presentation to see how close your group was

5.Put the paper back in the bag and return The caged SKylark (1877) Thank you for listening to our presentation! Form: Modified Italian sonnet. Paradox Conclusion

Hopkins introduced new ideas to the Victorian style
He introduced the "sprung rhythm" to english literature
Hopkins repressed his homosexual tendencies for his religion
Religion and nature were recurring themes in his poetry
He never published his poetry when he was alive
Why did he convert his religion twice?
Did his parents approve of his career choice?
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