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Ghana

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Elena Esman

on 1 March 2011

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Transcript of Ghana

Ghana Human Capital and Infrastructure Roughly one million people in Ghana have internet access
Roughly two million people in Ghana have access to computers
Telephone Lines (2005): 3,000,000 Internet Hosts in Africa
Energy Usage Akosombo Dam- large electric power generating capacity- 912 megawatts- meets Ghana’s needs and provides a surplus of energy to sell to neighboring countries (An average coal powered power station produces around 600-700 MW (megawatts)
Roads, Railways, Airports, Water systems, and Sanitation Systems Has 11 airports
947 km of railways
62,221 km of roadways
1,293 km of waterways
Ports and terminals: Takoradi, Tema
77.34 million-US-dollar rural water supply project to help to increase coverage in the remote parts of the country.
"Sustainable Rural water and Sanitation Project (SRWSP)" which will cover 13 out of the 17 MMDAs in Central Region.
Lake Volta- World’s largest artificial lake Waterways Found in Africa
Natural Resources and
Physical Geography Internet and Telecommunication Accessibility Climate Tropical
Hot and dry
Rainy season from April to October in the North, April to June and September to October in the South
50-80% humidity
Harmattan-Dry desert wind, creates cooler nights
Diversity in climate, especially between northern and southern regions, warm and dry southeast, humid southwest Month Highest Temperature (C) Lowest Temperature (C) January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December 32
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23 Agriculture and industry 1/3 of GDP
56% of workforce is involved in agriculture
Crops: Cocoa, rice, timber, cassava, peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas
Main industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Land Natural Resources Gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Lake Volta is the world’s largest artificial lake
-Water makes up almost 5% of total area (many rivers and streams)
-539 km of coastline
-On the Gulf of Guinea Oil Drilling One Billion Dollar a Year Industry
Profits will be invested in public services like schools, roads, and hospitals Stability and Security Independence Called Gold Coast before Independence
Became independent in 1957
Movement towards independence became pronounced in the 1940’s
Created groups like the Convention People’s Party in 1949
Up until about the 1980’s, there was some political revolution, with several coups. Government Officially known as the Republic of Ghana
Constitutional Democracy
Legal system based on English Law System
John Atta Mills is President, previously a law professor, very focused on economic growth Economic System Mixed Economy
GDP Purchasing Power Parity is $38.24 Billion (99th in World)
1st in West Africa for businesses, 5th out of 53 in Africa, and the 61st out 183 in the World for business.
The main bank, Ghana Commercial Bank named on of World’s Best Emerging Market Banks in 2008, 2009, and 2010. Ghana GDP Violence and Crimes -Low Crime and Violence Rates
Rates
General Health Struggles with health in the 1970’s motivated government to persist in health research
Ghana has seen much improvement
The five and under mortality rate has gone down 4% from 1988 to 2003, at 111 (34 lower than African average) Health Issues
-Vitamin A Deficiency
-Growth Stunting
-Unmet needs for family planning
-Malaria
-Access to Modern Sanitation However, Ghana has seen decrease or ranks low in:

-Guinea Worm Cases
-HIV
Only affects about 2% of population

Ghana ranks high in:

-Immunization programs
-Access to clean water
(about 82% has access to improved drinking facilities) Social Unrest -Biggest issue is drug trafficking -While there has been civil unrest in the 20th Century- mainly due to politics- Ghana has very little history of wars Health Issues Cont. Literacy and Education The number of primary and secondary schools in Ghana has grown drastically to thousands.
Ghana boasts of 21 training colleges and 25 universities and technical institutions.
Ghana has spent a large portion of its GDP on education
Relatively easy access to education and 2 million are currently enrolled in school.
Over half (59.7%) of Ghana’s population is literate Gender Rules and Ratios Men and women equally constitute Ghana’s population.
They have different tasks in labor but more and more women are working in agricultural, trade, and manufacturing related employment.
Men are generally given more authority and better land than women. Labor Force
Demography Ghana is growing rapidly, with most of its population in the working age of under 64.
The average life expectancy is 66.55 years. Precipitation

“Akosombo Dam.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.britannic a.com/EBchecked/topic/11743/Akosombo-Dam>
"At a Glance: Ghana." UNICEF . UNICEF, 2 March 2010. Web. 25 Feb 2011. <http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/ghana_statistics.html>.
"Average Minimum and Maximum Temperatures Over the Year." World Weather and Climate Information. Web. 25 Feb 2011. <http://www.weather-and-climate.com/average- monthly-min-max-Temperature,Accra,Ghana>.
"Average Monthly Precipitation Over the Year." World Weather and Climate Information. Web. 25 Feb 2011. <http://www.weather-and-climate.com/average-monthly-precipitation- Rainfall,Accra,Ghana>.
"Best Countries for Business: Ghana ." Forbes. Forbes, 18 March 2009. Web. 25 Feb 2011. <http://www.forbes.com/lists/2009/6/bizcountries09-best-countries-for- business_Ghana_CHI070.html>.
" Chapter 3, Africa South of the Sahara." Center for Biological Computing. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://mama.indstate.edu/users/geboen/ch3_s00.html>.
"Countdown to Oil Drilling in Ghana." Oxfam America. Oxfam America, 21, 06, 2010. Web. 25 Feb 2011. http://www.oxfamamerica.org/articles/countdown-to-oil-drilling-in-ghana.
Ghana-Climate." Encyclopedia of the Nations. Advameg, Inc., 2011. Web. 25 Feb 2011. <http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com>.
"Ghana Data and Statistics." The World Bank . The World Bank Group, 2011. Web. 26 Feb 2011. <http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/AFRICAEXT/GHANAEXTN/0, ,menuP K:351978~pagePK:141132~piPK:141109~theSitePK:351952,00.html>.
“Lake Volta.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/632445/Lake- Volta>.
"Mobile and Internet usage in Ghana and Kenya." Internet Research . N.p., 25 Feb. 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.internetresearch.com.gh/2011/02/25/517/>.
The Republic of Ghana . Health Status Indicators. , 2003. Web. 26 Feb 2011. <http://www.moh- ghana.org/Quick_Links/facts_figures_content.aspx?id=1>.

Riley, Geoff. "Ghana Becomes Producer of Crude Oil." Tutor2U. N.p., 15 Dec 2010. Web. 27 Feb 2011. <http://tutor2u.net/blog/index.php/economics/comments/ghana-becomes-a- producer-of-crude-oil/>.
"US$77.3 million-water project for four regions soon ." Ghana News Agency. N.p., 17 Feb. 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <http://www.ghananewsagency.org/s_social/r_25547/>.
Winslow, Robert. "Ghana." Comparative Criminology. San Diego State University, 2010. Web. 25 Feb 2011. <http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/rwinslow/africa/ghana.html>.
"The World Factbook, Africa: Ghana." Central Intelligence Agency. N.p., 11 Feb. 2011. Web. 28 Feb. 2011. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/gh.html>.

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