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VALUE BASED SAFETY AND OFF-THE-JOB SAFETY
Transcript of VALUE BASED SAFETY AND OFF-THE-JOB SAFETY
OFF-THE JOB SAFETY
Value based safety is a positive, employee-driven system of safety observations, feedback, and problem-solving that is highly effective and extensively field-tested.
Establishing Mission, Values, and Milestone Targets
Creating the Safety Observation Process
Designing Feedback and Involvement Procedures
Developing Recognition and Celebration Plans
Planning Training and Kickoff Meetings
Conducting Management Review
Helps ensure that employees are "doing the right things for the right reasons." Establishing Missions, Values and Milestone Targets, Creating Safety Observation Process, Developing Recognition and celebration Plans, Planning Training and Kickoff Meetings, Conducting Management Review, Brainstorm Actions Likely to Impact the Process, Pinpoint Those Practices, Sort These Practices into "Value" Categories, Use Values in Designing Your Safety Process, Discuss Values During Kickoff Meetings and Training, and Uses Values as Criteria for Evaluation.
SAFETY AS VALUE
(SAFETY VS COMPLIANCE)
It means conforming to a rule, such as a specification, policy, standard or law.
It is on paper, someone else set the standard, generally delegated to the "safety person."
Having a written safety policy is part of being in compliance, but it is totally useless for safety purposes if it is only on a piece of paper in a file in the safety office.
Safety as a Compliance
Having a written safety policy is part of being in compliance, but it is totally useless for safety purposes if it is on a piece of paper in a file in the safety office.
Safety as a Choice
It is condition of being protected against failure, damage, error, accidents, harm or any other event which could be considered non-desirable. Safety is a living evolving concept, not a static paperwork exercise.
Safety as a Value Choice Versus Compliance
is in your heart and mind
you set the standard higher
you do it because it is the right thing to do
is on paper
someone else sets the standard
generally delegated to the "safety person"
Both are important, but they are not the same.
In ideal situation, they work hand-in-hand.
no accidents, injury or property damage
insurance costs can be reduced
reduced business interruptions
employee's moral is improved
employees are more efficient and productive
(RESIDENTIAL AND PUBLIC PLACES)
is the extension of an organization's on-the-job safety culture.
Off-the-job safety programs educate employees about having safe while not at work.
off-the-job safety programs help save the lives of employees and their families.
Includes: People employed (part-time or full time).
Excludes: Children, Person keeping house full-time, Retired, Unemployed, Other person not in the labor force.
All persons gainfully employed, including owners, managers, other paid employees, the self-employed, the unpaid family workers but excluding private household workers.
Children, persons keeping house full-time, retirees, the unemployed, and the other persons not in the labor force.
Injuries that are not "on-the-job (occupational) injuries". Such injuries may involve workers or non-workers.
An unintentional non-work-related injury to individuals employed on a full-time or part-time basis. This category excludes children, persons keeping house full-time, retirees, the unemployed, and other persons not in the labor force.
ON-THE-JOB (OCCUPATIONAL) INJURY
An unintentional injury resulting from a work-related accidents or from a single instantaneous exposure in the work environment.
Total cost of unintentional injury in a certain place or society, including wage and productivity losses, medical expenses, administrative expenses, motor-vehicle damage, employer costs and fire losses. these costs may be borne by the injured worker and his/her family, the worker's employer, insurance companies, or government (taxpayers).
SAFETY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE PHILIPPINES
The Safety Organization of the Philippines (SOPI) is a non-profit, non-governmental, national public service organization dedicated to protecting life and promoting health. members of SOPI includes businesses, schools, public agencies, private groups, labor organizations, and individuals.
ELEMENTS OF OFF-THE-JOB SAFETY MANAGEMENT
1. Management Leadership and Commitment
Senior management must demonstrate a strong, genuine, continuous and personal commitment to success by establishing, implementing and living the program.
2. Organizational Communications and System Documentation
All plans and procedures must be in writing and considered as important as any on-the-job safety program.
3. Evaluations and Continuous Improvement
A formal system of program tracking, evaluation, improvement, and accountability must be created and implemented. the system should be improved and adapted as needed.
4. Hazard Recognition and Evaluation
A system of identifying, evaluating, and recording off-the-job safety hazards must be established, and updated and adjusted on a regular basis.
5. Employee Involvement
In order to have meaningful employee involvement, there must be visible and frequent evidences of management leadership and commitment.
6. Motivation, Behavior and Attitude
Management must demonstrate a genuine openness and response to employee ideas and suggestions, and must develop an effective and appropriate recognition program.
7. Training and Orientation
Employers must offer adequate training as well as consistent and effective communication to employees, their families, and the community.
9 RISK AREAS
Home and Recreational
Every room in your home presents different hazards that can easily fixed, whether it's learning about knife and kitchen safety or preventing slip, trips and falls in the bathroom. learn how to make your entire home safer, including your kitchen, bathroom, bedroom and the outside.
Drowning in homes resulted in 1000 deaths in 2011. keep adults and children safe in swimming pools and bathtubs by learning about water safety and the necessary precautions in your family should take.
Risk Factors of Drowning:
Lack of Swimming Ability
Lack of Barriers
Lack of Close Supervision
Failure to Wear Life Jackets
Falls are second-leading cause of unintentional death in homes and communities, resulting in more than 25,000 fatalities in 2009. The risk of falling, and fall-related problems, rises with age and is a serious issue in homes and communities.
Common Location for Falls:
Areas with heavy traffic
Areas prone to wetness or spills
Unstable work surface
Poisoning is responsible for more than half of all-related unintentional injury deaths and includes deaths from drugs, medicines, other sold and liquid substances and gases and vapors. Young children are especially at risk for poisoning related eating or swallowing over-the-counter and prescription medicines found in the home.
Risk Factors of Poisoning:
Accessibility of substances
Overdose or improper use of medications
Taking with alcohol
use of illegal drugs
The most common causes of burns are from scalds (steam, hot bath water, hot drinks and foods), fire, chemicals, electricity, and overexposure to sun. some burns may be more serious than others, but many are treatable.
Risk Factors of Burns:
Domestic hot water
Hot objects, steam
Choking and suffocation is the third leading cause of home and community death. foods are responsible for most choking incidents. But for children, objects such as small toys, coins, nuts, or marbles can get caught in their throats. Choking can cause a simple coughing fit or something more serious like a complete block in the airway, which can lead to death.
Risk Factors of Choking:
Problems in chewing/swallowing small parts, food pieces
Although deaths and injuries from residential fires have decreased in the past several years, deaths from fires and burns are still the third leading cause of fatal home injuries. Seventy percent of those deaths are from inhaling smoke. Two-thirds of deaths from home fires occurred in homes with no smoke alarms or no working smoke alarms.
Fires are most likely to happen in certain areas or by certain equipment in your house. Be extra careful while your cooking, smoking, around candles, furnaces, electrical cords and fireplaces, and with children, toddlers, and babies nearby.
Risk Factors of Fire:
Lack of working smoke detectors
Improper use of smoking materials
Faulty heating equipment
Sports and exercise are good for you but often result in unintentional injury from accidents, poor training practices, and improper gear. Sports-related traumatic brain injuries also have been on the rise and can range from "mild" (a brief change in mental status or consciousness) or "severe" (an extended period of unconsciousness or amnesia after injury).
Risk Factors of Sports:
Age - young, old
Resistance to injury
Slippery surface, footwear
Unstable walking/working surfaces
8. Unintentional Overdoses
Unintentional Overdoses include deaths from prescription narcotics, illegal drugs and alcohol. recently, emergency room visits for non-medical use of prescription and over-the-counter drugs have caught up with those for illegal drugs, each accounting for 1 million emergency room visits in 2008.
9. Road and Highway Venue
Every year, nearly 36,000 people are killed and more than 3.5 million people are injured in motor vehicle crashes, making it the leading cause of unintentional injuries and death for people between the ages of 1 and 33. There are many different issues affecting families traveling on the road and simple steps to reduce your likelihood of getting into a motor vehicle crash.
Other Issues Related to Driving:
Safety children in & around vehicles
Large trucks - 4,800 deaths
3,600 are occupants of other vehicle
Pedestrians - 5,900 deaths
Source: Injury Facts, 2009 Ed.
Personal Safety at Home
Install and use a peephole in your front door.
Keep drapes or blinds down after dark
Leave lights on in two or more rooms to show people that you are home (a well-lit home keeps unwanted intruders away).
Be like extremely careful about letting strangers into your home.
Be suspicious of visits by people that you didn't call.
Keep your home secure at all times.
Change the locks after moving into a new house or apartment (Friends and neighbors of the people who lived there before may still have a key).
When you leave, make sure that doors and windows are locked.
Install a home security system.
Install lighting that will come on (or motion sensor) if someone is outside your house.
Personal Safety (Residences and Public Place)
Think safely (know that a danger could exist).
Realize that you could become a victim.
Have a plan - know what you will do if a dangerous situation comes up.
Use good judgement.
ALWAYS TRUST YOUR INSTINCT - if something feels wrong, it probably is.
When you are out, be aware of your surroundings and avoid potentially dangerous situations.
Carry a cellular phone in case of emergency.
Choose a well-lighted streets when walking at night.
Walk with a friend.
Personal Safety (Automobile)
Your car doors should ALWAYS be CLOSED, even in your own garage. Make it automatic to lock all your doors.
After dark, NEVER park where it's dark. If you go there when it's daylight, you never park where it WILL BE dark when you come out.
If the only available spaces are dark, you sit in your locked car until ones opens up in a lighted spot or go to a different place.
Even if your car is locked, you should always be lock underneath it from a safe distance. from 20-feet you can see under your car to the other side without crouching. NOTICE: LOOK INSIDE before you get into car. Do this even in the daytime.
If you see ANYTHING wrong, like shoes on the other side of the car but no head above the roof line, or a lumpy blanket on the back floor, you act like you've forgotten something and return to the building to call a police.
SAFETY AS RELATED TO HEALTH PRACTICE
- the state of being safe: freedom from the occurrence or risk of injury, danger, or loss.
- refer to those actions by which individuals can prevent diseases and promote self-care, cope with challenges, and develop self-reliance, solve problems and make a choices that enhance health.
The production, segregation, transportation, treatment, and disposal of health-care waste involve in the handling of potentially hazardous material. Protection against personal injury is therefore essential for all workers who are at risk. A comprehensive risk assessment of all activities involved in health-care waste management, carried out during preparation of the waste management plan, will allow the identification of the necessary protection measures. These measures should be designed to prevent exposure to hazardous materials or other risks, or at least to keep exposure within safe limits. Once the assessment is complete, personnel should receive suitable training.
The type of protective clothing used will depend to an extent upon the risk associated with the health-care waste, but the following should be made available to all personnel who collect or handle health-care waste:
Health and safety practices for health-care personnel and waste workers.
Helmets, with or without visors - depending on the operation.
Face mask - depending on operation.
Eye protectors (safety goggles) - depending on operations.
Overalls (coveralls) - obligatory
Industrial aprons - obligatory
Leg protectors and/or industrial boots - obligatory
Disposable gloves (medical staff) or heavy duty gloves (waste workers)
Basic personal hygiene is important for reducing the risk from handling health-care waste, and convenient washing facilities (with warm water and soap) should be available for personnel involved in the task. This is of particular importance at storage and incineration facilities.
Viral hepatitis B infections have been reported among health-care personnel and waste handlers, and immunization against the disease is therefore recommended. Tetanus immunization is also recommended for all personnel handling waste.
Many of the management practices recommended contribute to a reduction in risk of personnel who handle health-care waste; these are summarized as follows:
careful separation of different types of waste into different and distinct containers or bags defines the risk linked to each waste package.
prevents spillage of waste and protects workers from contact with waste.
Waste identification (through distinct packaging and labeling):
allows for easy recognition of the class of waste and of its source.
Appropriate waste storage:
limits the access to authorized individuals only, protects against infestation by insects and rodents, and prevents contamination of surrounding areas.
reduces risks of workers being exposed to waste.
Special Precautions for Clearing up Spillages and Potentially Hazardous Substances
For cleaning up spillages of body fluids or other potentially hazardous substances, particularly if there is any risk of splashing, eye protectors and masks should be worn, in addition to gloves and overalls.
The senior pharmacists of the health-care establishment should be designated to ensure safe use of cytotoxic drugs.
Large oncological hospitals may appoint a full-time Genotoxic Safety Officer , who should also supervised the safe management of cytotoxic waste. The following key measures are essential in minimizing exposure:
Written procedures that specify safe working methods for each process
Data sheets, based on the supplier's specifications, to provide information on potential hazards
Established procedure for emergency response in case of spillage or other occupational accident
Appropriate education and training for all personnel involved in the handling of cytotoxic drugs
Response to Injury and Exposure
A program of response should be established that prescribes the actions to be taken in the event of injury or exposure to a hazardous substance. All staff who handle health-care waste should be trained to deal with injuries and exposures.
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Health - care waste management policies plans should include provision for the continuous monitoring of workers health and safety to ensure that correct handling, treatment, storage, and disposal procedures are being followed: proper training of workers; provision of equipment and clothing for personal protection; establishment of an effective occupational health programme that includes immunization, post-exposure, prophylactic treatment medical surveillance.
Brainstorm Actions Likely to Impact the Process
Pinpoint Those Practices
Sort These Practices into "Value" Categories
Use Values in Designating Your Safety Process
Discuss Values During Kickoff Meetings and Training
Use Values as Criteria for Evaluation