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Dick and Jane
Transcript of Dick and Jane
This Elementary Primer's
Path to #1
World Method (Whole-Word Method)
away of teaching reading by learning a great number of words as a whole unite before learning to read by word analysis
Most Influential Primer
The creators of Dick and Jane created a series of books that could relate to the masses.
The series introduced characters with whom children could identify, and the books contained stories featuring children in normal day-to-day activities. Prior to Dick and Jane, McGuffey's, phonics-based primers, were too complex for young readers.
Dick and Jane had relatable plots for all the masses. When President Lyndon B. Johnson called for better primary education for underprivileged students in the mid 1960’s, the creators of Dick and Jane responded.
Creators introduced a minority family into Dick and Jane's formerly all-white world. The story comprised of an African American boy names Mike, his sisters the twins Pam and Penny, and their parents
Catholic editions as well as different religious series were created. All the diverse editions of Dick and Jane leads one to believe that the creators of this series aimed to appease and relate to all ethnic and religious groups.
- First published in 1920 and last 1965
primer books 1-3
emphasize the concept of "learning to read"
"reading to learn" also known as reading for content
This series offers a balanced program integrated with activities and learning materials that expand and enrich the experiences of children while at the same time creating a foundation for the entire curriculum.
The loving textbook characters of Dick and Jane helped an estimated 85 million children learn how to read over the course of the 1930s through the1960s
They provided insight into the current life and time of America with relatable characters and situations that children could identify with.
- The transfer of information between groups and individuals within a society.
In use from 1930's to 1970's, for grades 1 - 8, taught societal values
Taught by use of carefully limited vocabulary, story line
Evolved with U.S. culture over 4 decades to reflect changing societal values
These groundbreaking basal readers included methods such as "look and say" and the "whole word reading system." The primer books 1-3 emphasized the concept of "learning to read" whereas books 4-8 focused on "reading to learn." They also provided glossaries, vocabulary lists, and pronunciation guides in the back.
Appeal to variety of ethnic groups and social classes
Developed a national audience
What led to Basal Reading movement?
- students weren't grasping reading concept
- words to letters approach (read words individually)
The purpose of the Dick and Jane series was to introduce the look-say method. The look-say method is a method that emphasized the meaning of words rather than using repetition phonics drills.
To help teachers use this in their classrooms, each primer had a vocabulary list in the back of the book explaining the number and relevance of the vocabulary words introduced.
Even though a lot of teachers used the Dick and Jane series as part of their curriculum, many teachers added extra phonics practice. Many teachers built their own phonics curriculum or borrowed several pieces from different books.
Important facts about the Dick and Jane Basal Series
-from 1930 to 1960 85 million students learned to read
By the 1950's an estimated 80% of first graders
in America were using the Dick and Jane series
-specifically made for k-8 readers
- stories of children playing replaced fairy tales
-books were based on historical events
- pre and post world war 2, the great depression, civil rights movement.
- taught American Values : sharing, caring, safety, and health.
Dick and Jane producers
Authors: William s. Gray, Zerna Sharp
PUblishers: Scott Foresman
- existed from 1930 t0 1971
- at its most popular point, was used by 70% of educators
- the Canadian educational system adopted some of its principles
- still used today by parents to read to their kids.