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The History Of Photography
Transcript of The History Of Photography
The collodion process is an early photographic process. It was introduced in the 1850s and by the end of that decade it had almost entirely replaced the first practical photographic process, the daguerreotype. During the 1880s the collodion process, in turn, was largely replaced by gelatin dry plates—glass plates with a photographic emulsion of silver halides suspended in gelatin. The dry gelatin emulsion was not only more convenient but could be made much more sensitive, greatly reducing exposure times.
Adolphe Disderi – in 1845 invented carte de visite, which is a form of photographic calling card which became very popular.
Photography began to influence studies such as medical studies, doctors photographed patients before and after the operations. In 1872 Eadweard James Muybridge used 24 cameras to photograph a race horse, the 24 pictures then showed the horse trotting past, this was the beginning of what was known as stop action series photography. George Eastman – manufactured paper film in 1885, and then manufactured celluloid film in 1887. In 1888 released the first Kodak camera for sale, it had a fixed focus lens, a single shutter speed and it was cheap. In 1889 Kodak came out with a film for their cameras rather than paper. In 1890 Kodak came out with Brownie Box Roll film camera, the brownie was cheap, with a cardboard body camera which made photo taking easy for everyone, after the film had been used, it would be sent off to be developed. In 1907 Autochrome (commercial colour film) plates were developed by the Lumiere brothers, up and till 1907 all photos were in black and white. In 1914 Oscar Barnack created the first modern frame camera. This was perfected in 1924 by a German company called Leitz when they marketed the device under the name Leica, it was a high quality 35mm camera. In 1931 M.I.T developed strobe photography. In 1936 Kodachrome was released, which was the first multi-layered film. Also around this time period, Nikon, Fuji and Zeiss manufactures began introducing their devices. In 1936 Polaroid made cameras available with instant colour film. In the late 20th century more advances where made, like the arrival of autofocus (Minolta- 1985) and Photoshop (Adobe -1990). Also, in 1991, the first Digital camera was released by Kodak. In 1999 2.74 megapixel cameras cost approximately $6000, where as now days you can purchase a 12 megapixel camera for around $375. The End