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Transcript of The Enlightenment
What is the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment was during 1685-1815 in Europe. It was the age of politics,philosophy,science, and communications. Everything was changed and new ideas flourished.
Ludwig van Beethoven
Baptized on December 17, 1770
Died March 26, 1827
Family originated from Brabant,Belguim
He was an alcoholic
Consider the greatest composer of all time
He had two younger brothers named Casper and Johaan
Beethovens dad was very tough on him about is music when he as young.
He was an English philosopher
Know for his political thought
Founding father of the political philosophy
Fredrick the Great
Louis the III
King of France
Son of Louis II
He and Carloman took over in April 879
Louis led north of Loire
Had importand victories against Boso (Burgundy and Province), and the Northmen (Vikings)
Died August 5, 882
Had no sons
Carloman took over
Russia and Austria
Diderot was a french encyclopedists
He went to a jesuit school
He created a book called the Encyclopédie
Diderot and is contributars created one of the most important books of the time period
His attacks on the political system of France was a spark of the French revolution
"Never shall I forget the time I spent with you. Please continue to be my friend, as you will always find me yours"
"Music is a higher revelation than all wisdom and philosophy"
"Only the pure in heart can make a good soup"
Beethoven soon started loosing his hearing and late became totally deaf
He started composing more and came out with some of his best pieces
Once one of his brothers died his career was at a turing point
He wanted to adopt one of his nephews which lead into many court battles. So his music went on pause.
George Frideric Handle
Born February 23,1685 in Halle, Germany
Died April 14,1759
From an early age Handle loved music and wanted to study it
His father would not let him have a musical instrument.While his mother was very supportive
When he was 7 he had an opportunity to play the organ for the dukes court. Friedrich Willhelm Zachow was impressed by Handle and took him to be his pupil.
Qeen of sheba
Voltaire-his thought impacted the British Empiricism.
Diderot-devoted himself to editing the Encyclopedia
La Merttrie-was a military phyician
d'Holbach-main work was Systeme
Buffon-was a natural historian and a materialist
Social Studies Book
Born January 24, 1712
King of Prussia
Won Seven Years War and took over Silesia
Increased his territories
Helped make the army stronger and supported the arts and learning
Also allowed religious toleration
Died in 1786
Born in Bordeaux, France 1689
Part of wealthy family
Believed that all things were made up of rules and laws
Believed that governments should be made up of 3 branches
Died in 1755
-A body of law or a specific principle held to be derived from nature and binding upon human society in the absence of or in addition to positive law
Founded by Plato and Aristotle but never used until the 1500's
-Morality consists in the set of rules governing beahvior, that rational people would accept on the condition that others accept them as well
Founded by Thomas Hobbes formally although Earlier philosophers inspired.
Women during the enlightenment
Austria had a very large empire with different languages and cultures
Spread throughout most of southeastern Europe
It was ruled by the Hapsburg family the real ruler was Maria Theresa
She worked to make the government stronger and tried to improve lots of Austria's surfs who worked for nobles.
After she died in 1780 her son Joesph II became king.
He freed the surfs and made land taxes equal for nobles and farmers.
He also allowed books to be published freely
Most of his reforms failed but he still freed the surfs and they were allowed to keep their freedom
Russia and Austria
Russia was ruled by leaders know as the czars. A czar is like a president
One of the most powerful czars was Peter the 1 also know as Peter The Great.
during his reign he tried to make Russia a strong up-to- date government.
He made reforms so the government would run smoothly
He also improved Russia's military and expanded the country westward closer to The Baltic Sea
In 1703 he founded Russia's new capital St.Petersburg
Peter died and conflict erupted
Russia and Austria
Then a German princess named Catherine The Great took the throne of Russia
She was devoted to all the Enlightenment ideas
She studied and wrote about philosophes
She thought about freeing the surfs but a gigantic surf eruption changed her mind
Then she allowed the nobles to treat the surfs however they wanted
Under Catherine The Great Russia gained more land and became a stronger country.
In 1796 she died and equality and liberty came to the Kings and Queens mind
By: Liam Shaver, Sam Boll
Joseph Sartori, and Kevin Coss
Women played a significant role during the Enligtenment
They had a large amount of influence on the Enlightenment movement
Mary Wollstonecraft was a female philosipher during this time
Her books along with other women were applauded by men
Desipte this many of the few rights women had were taken
Their education quality was lowered and were taught fine arts such as singing,drawing, and drawing
Born November 21, 1694
major work:poetry, plays, historical works and philosophical works
wrote Henriade and and Made of Orleans (unfinished)
Wrote philosophic works embracing the enlightenment and rejecting the Roman Catholic Church
Exiled from Paris in 1715 for mocking the Orleans
returned in 1726
Died May 30, 1778