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The Public Works Administration (PWA)
Transcript of The Public Works Administration (PWA)
New Deal of 1933
Information About The Director!
With the formation of the Public Works Administration under the New Deal in 1933, there had to be a director over it, so Secretary of the Interior Harold L. Ickes assumed that role. Ickes was responsible for implementing many of Roosevelt's New Deal plans, not just the PWA. Ickes was actually a member of Roosevelt's Cabinet during his entire presidency. Ickes was in office as the 32nd Secretary of the Interior from March 1933 to February 1946.
How Many People Were Employed?
By April 1935, the Public Works Administration had employed over 2 million people, who worked on railroads, buildings, tunnels (like the Lincoln Tunnel below), parks, bridges (such as the Park Street bridge below) and ect. The PWA also ran the Civil Works Admin, which eventually put over 4 million people to work. However, when the PWA was put to an end, everyone that was employed got transferred back to work relief jobs.
What Was The Impact/ Lasting Impact?
The PWA brought many jobs to the public to work on infrastructure, i.e. working on railroads or subway systems, buildings, sewage systems, sidewalks, airports, and many other public services that were meant to benefit the public in any way possible. It impacted the nations economy and even the number of unemployed people rose. A lasting impact of the PWA can definitely be seen even today, with multiple jobs being available for city development and just general city work to help improve them.
How Much Was Spent?
The Public Works Administration spent well over $6 billion dollars on many different public projects like buildings, airports, schools, dams, sidewalks, and other things. One of the most expensive projects at $752.4 million was the Bonneville Dam.The dam is located on the border of Oregon and Washington. Another huge project was the Grand Coulee Dam in Washington state at $160 million, which employed over 8,000 people to work on it.The PWA's main focus was to help push the country and the economy back to Pre-Depression levels. It greatly lowered unemployment and created an infrastructure base that still remains important today.
What Did It Do/
It's Purpose /
The PWA was intended to create jobs while improving the nation's infrastructure. The PWA was also created by (or brought about by) the National Industrial Recovery Act in June of 1933. The purpose, again, of the PWA is to bring jobs to people working on improvements for a general area, and it also brought new projects about to help re-vamp the area that it's in. Projects such as hospitals (below) and buildings like the State Capitol Annex building in Baton Rouge (below) are parts on this infrastructure. The PWA was probably one of the more important parts of the New Deal, simply because it did so much, like providing jobs to the unemployed, and bringing recreation to undeveloped areas.
7. http://www.nisk.k12.ny.us/fdr/1933/33042606 *(political cartoon)*
8. http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=public+works+administration+1933+pictures&FORM=HDRSC2#view=detail&id=C15A6EDCA3160DFEABBA83B23DFE19B17559BDB4&selectedIndex=3 *(symbol)*