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The International Cotton Exposition.

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Adam Harris

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of The International Cotton Exposition.

Origin and Purpose.
After the Civil War, Atlanta was left in shambles. The city was in near ruin, and it would have crumbled if not for the production and distribution of cotton. During the 19th century, expositions and fairs were held and used to attract visitors who were interested in the technology and advancements of the time. These visitors were urged to do business in the host location, and the cities that held important events like these usually gained a huge profit. Knowing how much fortune it could bring their city, Atlanta leaders organized and funded a series of 3 “ cotton expositions “ that played a vital role in restoring Atlanta’s economy and development. Many people were involved with these expositions, including men like Henry Grady & Booker T. Washington. The first exposition was held in 1881. People felt that a “cotton exposition” would serve to inform the world of Atlanta’s role in textile production.

The 1887 Piedmont Exposition.
Was held on October 1887.
It was a smaller exposition than the others, as it was strictly a regional event.
Henry Grady, and popular US President at the time Grover Cleveland promoted and encouraged people to partake in the exposition.
This exposition expanded Atlanta’s popularity and reputation, but it also encouraged patrons to visit and conduct business there.

1895 Cotton States & International Exposition.
Was the 3rd and final “cotton exposition”.
Its goals were to foster trade between southern states and South American nations as well as to showcase the products and facilities that Atlanta had to offer.
There were exhibits by 6 states and special buildings featuring the accomplishments of women and blacks.
Booker T. Washington gave his famous “Atlanta Compromise” speech here.
The 1896 Cotton States and International Exposition was the least commercially successful of the expositions Atlanta hosted. It was the most historically significant though.
The site of the Exposition is now Piedmont Park, designed by Frederick Olmsted. It is a vibrant part of Atlanta and a silent witness to the new South’s growing pains.
Funding for this exposition was secured within 6 hours.

The International Cotton Exposition.
1881 “ Cotton Exposition. “
Exposition first began in 1881 in Atlanta, Georgia.
The exposition was held in order to promote investment and to help the city toward its goal of becoming an industrial center.
Fewer than 200,000 attended it during its two-and-a-half-month run.
It wasn’t the most successful of all 3 expositions, but it was the most influential.

Atlanta after the Expositions.
After the 1895 Cotton exposition, Atlanta received a boom in reputation, textile production, and popularity. Tourists from all around the world were eager to visit the place that got the South back on its feet, and many of the buildings used for the exposition were kept up for display. Even after these buildings were torn down, The city was wealthy enough to buy the area back and they turned it into what is now Piedmont Park. Some photographers were able to get pictures in black-and-white of the expositions, and many of them depicted people having fun and enjoying themselves.
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