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Transcript of Sonnet 116
"Love is not love Which alters when it alteration finds..." meaning that it isn't love if it changes when circumstances do
Nor is love looking for or willing change: "bends with the remover to remove"
It then goes into detail of what the speaker believes love is:
"an ever-fixed mark That looks on tempests and is never shaken" meaning that love is immovable and steadfast; it cannot be distracted nor deterred by temptations or catastrophes
"Love's not Times' fool, within his bending sickle's compass come; Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks," meaning that true love does not waver over time, but remains constant and endures
The speaker sums up by admitting this is his idea of love and the way he loves; he also appeals to the possibility that this is not what real love is and states, if this be the case, that he then has never loved. Personification:
-"Love [...] Which alters when it alteration finds" ln.2-3
-"That looks on tempests" ln.6
-"Though rosy lips and cheeks" ln.9
-"Love alters not..." ln.11
-"Love's not Time's fool" ln.9
-"It is the star to every wandering bark" ln.7
Old English Marriage Ceremony/Vows
-"Admit impediments" ln.2
-"remover to remove" ln.4
-"an ever-fixed mark" ln.5
-"rosy lips and cheeks" ln.9
-"bending sickle's compass come" ln.10
-"ever to the edge of doom" ln. 12
-"I never writ, nor no man ever loved" ln.14 On the subject of love:
Tentative (open to other ideas of what love is)
Views others as ignorant Attitude (Tone) Shakespearean:
-1st quatrain introduces idea
-next two quatrains develop idea
-final rhyming couplet sums it up
-follows abab cdcd efef gg scheme by: Maria Almonte, Emily Caraway,
Johanna Dobler, Audree Ho Paraphrase Speaker Figurative Language Shifts Title Theme * The theme of the poem is the durability of love.
The poet describes how love should not, no matter what happens, ever change. For instance this phrase, "That looks on tempests and is never shaken" conveys that love should be able to endure any situation it is confronted with. Love is also described to last till the end of time, .
* In the end the speaker also claims that if anyone says love is any different or disapproves, then he himself has not loved before. "Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments."
In this case, the word "marriage" is referring to a connection of similar minds, a relationship, but not necessarily "wedding marriage"
The speaker is stating that he is not finding fault in love, but rather addressing what he believes is and is not the correct definition of true love. * The first Quatrain describes what love isn't, or rather love is not love if it isn't what the speaker describes. The opening line of the sonnet " Let me not to the marriage of true minds admit impediments," introduces the reader into the theme of enduring love. The poet is certain that nothing can interfere with the union of two people who love each other. Love is suppose to be constant through adversity if it changes then it can no be true love. * Then there is a shift, where the speaker begins to describe what love is to him. The speaker says love is what guides a person and love doesn't change no matter what occurs. *The last shift the speaker then states that if he is proved wrong, then he has never loved anyone Clear understanding of love
He's absolutely certain that his definition of love is the right one
He boldly claims that if his idea of love turns out to be wrong, then nobody has ever loved at all
Due to his profound knowledge of love the reader can suggest that the speaker has experienced true love Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Admit impediments. Love is not love
Which alters when it alteration finds,
Or bends with the remover to remove:
Oh, no! it is an ever-fixed mark,
That looks on tempests and is never shaken;
It is the star to every wnadering bark,
Whose worth's unknown, although his height be taken.
Love's not Time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks
Within his bending sickle's compass come;
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks,
But it bears it out even to the edge of doom.
If this be error and upon me proved,
I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
by William Shakespeare