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Natalie Delvalle

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Orthodontics

This refers to any faults relating to the relations between the top and bottom set of teeth. Such as misalignment , crooked or teeth that have not developed properly.
Orthodontist will need to fully examine the state of the patient's teeth in order to determine what treatment options they would proceed with. The following diagnostic procedures will be performed :
" The branch of dentistry dealing with the prevention and correction of irregular teeth, as by means of braces. " - Dictionary.com
" Orthodontics used to be called orthodontia - the word comes from the Greek 'othos' , meaning "straight, perfect or proper", and dontos, which means "teeth". " - MedicalNewsToday.com
Orthodontics help in :
Closing wide gaps
Aligning the tips of your teeth
Straighten crooked teeth
Improve speech and eating
Improve long term health or teeth and gums
Treating an improper bite
Cross Bite
An abnormal relation of one or more teeth of one arch to the opposing tooth or teeth of the other arch, caused by deviation of tooth position or abnormal jaw position.
Deep Bite
When the teeth are clenched, the top set comes over the bottom set too much. This is also known as an over bite.
Open Bite
When the teeth are clenched, there is an opening the upper and lower teeth.
Crowding Teeth
In some cases a patience's mouth can be too narrow. The orthodontist may have to remove a tooth or two to evenly space out the teeth.
Protruding Front Teeth
This affects the shape of the face. Treatment improves the patient's appearance and also protects the teeth from damage.
There are gaps or spaces between the teeth, either because a tooth is missing, or the teeth simply do not fill-up the mouth (opposite of crowding)
Reversed Bite
When the teeth are clenched, the upper set falls inside the lower set.
Under Bite
The upper teeth are too far back, or the lower teeth are too far forward.
Asymmetrical Teeth
The upper and lower teeth do not match, especially when the mouth is closed but the teeth are showing.
Impacted Teeth
Mostly the adult teeth and wisdom teeth will grow in a bad position such as this.
Head Gear
There is a strap around the back of the head, which is attached to a metal wire in the front, or face bow. The aim is to slow down upper jaw growth, and keeping the back teeth in position while the front ones are pulled back.
Examples of Oral Appliances
A full medical and dental health history
A clinical examination
X- Rays of the teeth and jaw
Plaster models of the teeth
There are two kinds of orthodontic appliances : fixed and removable ones.
Fixed Appliances
are the most common in the orthodontics field. This type of appliance helps when precision is essential.

are used for treating minor problems. The appliance should be taken out only when cleaning, eating, or flossing.
An option instead of traditional braces for adult patients. They are virtually unnoticeable by other people and can be taken out when patients brush their teeth, floss, or eat.
Lip & Cheek Bumpers
This is specially made to relieve the pressure of cheeks or lips on the teeth.
Palatal Expander
An appliance designed to make the arch of the upper jaw wider. The device consists of a plastic plate that is placed in the palate (the roof of the mouth). The plate has screws which exert pressure on the joints in the bones, forcing them outward, thus expanding the size of the palatal area (roof of mouth area).
Removable Retainers
These are placed on the roof of the mouth. They are designed to stop the teeth from moving back to their original positions. If modified, they may also be used to stop children from sucking their thumbs.
Removable Space Maintainers
This is an alternative to fixed space maintainers. If the child loses tooth, a space maintainer will stop the two teeth at either side of the spaces from moving into it until the adult tooth comes through.
Jaw Repositioning Splints
They are placed either in the top or lower jaw and help the jaw close properly. Splints are commonly used for TMJ (temporomandibular joint disorder) syndrome.
A band is fixed to one of the teeth next to the space, and a wire goes from the band to the other tooth.
Braces are used to help straighten or align the teeth properly.There are many parts that make up braces. Brackets are the part cemented to the tooth where the wire snaps in. The wire is a thin piece of metal snapped into each bracket that moves the teeth as desired. The band may be used in place of the bracket in some teeth. This would fit around the tooth like a ring instead of being cemented on. Ligatures are small rubber bands that go around each bracket. Power chains is a rubber like contraption used to provide additional assistance to the wires. Rubber bands are looped around tiny hooks on some brackets for the purpose of moving teeth as well.
Over all orthodontics are very important in the dentistry field. They examine, diagnose, and treat dental malocclusions and oral cavity anomalies. They design and fabricate appliances to realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance. Some treatments may assist with speech and eating. Mainly it is their goal to get you a good bite, straight teeth at a young age.
Don't keep your smile hidden! Get the perfect smile with the help of an orthodontist and show it off!
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