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The Gilded Age: Women's Suffrage Movement
Transcript of The Gilded Age: Women's Suffrage Movement
(NAWSA) Carrie Chapman Catt Women's Suffrage Movement Iris Hyon and Jane Werntz formed in 1890
combination of more radical NWSA and conservative AWSA
founders include Stanton and Anthony
limited membership to whites
Ida B. Wells launched the NACW in 1896 changed platform by arguing women needed vote because of increasing role in society
women had a responsibility toward their families
needed voice on school boards and public health committees Urbanization crowded cities = smaller families
birthrates dropped, divorces increased
women gained more independence The advances in the Gilded Age helped set the stage for
greater strides in the Progressive Era, finally leading up to the passing of the 19th Amendment in 1920! New inventions (especially the sewing macine)
allowed women to open shops and work outside the home In 1869, Wyoming Territory granted unrestricted women's suffrage
Most states also passed laws permitting women to own property after their husband's death References "Biography of Susan B. Anthony." Susan B. Anthony House. N.p., 2009. Web. 9 Jan. 2013. <http://susanbanthonyhouse.org/her-story/biography.php>.
Carol, Rebecca, Kristina Myers, and Janet Lindman. "Alice Paul Biography." Alice Paul Institute. Alice Paul Institute, 08 Nov. 2010. Web. 08 Jan. 2013. <http://www.alicepaul.org>.
Kennedy, David M., Lizabeth Cohen, and Thomas A. Bailey. The American Pageant. 14th ed. Boston: Wadsworth, 2010. Print. Pictures
http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?ammem/rbcmillerbib:@field(DOCID+@lit(rbcmiller003904)) Division in the movement Oppose 15th amendment because it didn't extend the voting rights to include women?
This was the belief of Stanton and Anthony(among others)
Left the American Equal Rights Association and formed the National Women's Suffrage Association to actively pursue an amendment
Other issues in the AERA such as use of funds helped aggravate the split Susan B. Anthony Alice Paul chairwoman of NAWSA's Congressional Committee
helped organize a parade coinciding with Wilson's inauguration
Men attacked the peaceful protestors as the police stood by while the scene became violent
this incident made suffrage a popular topic of debate
formed the National Woman's Party to focus on getting an amendment at the state level attacked by an angry mob and imprisoned in Occoquan Workhouse for picketing during wartime
demanded to be treated as a political prisoner and staged a hunger strike
forcibly fed through torture methods
As news reached the media about the awful conditions, the public demanded the release of her and her followers arrested in Rochester in 1872 for voting
refused to pay streetcar fare to police, bail, courtroom fees, and $100 fine for voting
couldn't appeal the case because she wasn't imprisoned for not paying the fines
1877: gathered petitions from 26 states with 10,000 signatures
appeared before every Congress from 1869-1906 to ask for passage of suffrage amendment
1885: published the History of Woman Suffrage with Stanton and Matilda Joslin Gage
1892: president of NAWSA after Stanton retired