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Transcript of Addictive Personality
• Defined as a compulsion to take drugs despite any consequences.
• The drug or substance becomes their main priority while their old priorities do not matter to them anymore.
• The person becomes dependent on the drug and they can’t function without it. Once they have reached this stage they should seek professional help. ADDICTION
ADDICTIVE PERSONALITIES What is an addictive personality ? addictive personality
is a personality marked by traits of compulsive and habitual use of a substance / practice in an attempt to cope with psychic pain that results from conflict or anxiety. addiction
the state of being enslaved to a habit or something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, such as narcotics, to such an extent that stopping it causes severe trauma. Stage One | Drug Use or Experimentation |
• The beginning of what can
turn into an addiction.
• If a person tries a drug or substance
for the first time and nothing goes wrong,
it will encourage them to try it again. Stage Two | Misuse of Drugs |
• A person would have experienced some
form of negativity caused by the drug.
• Won’t stop a person from the use of
drugs or substances.
• Path of Addiction: if the individual keeps
taking drugs or consuming substances. Stage Four Stage Three | Abuse of Drugs |
• Abusing the drug / substance is a definite sign of addiction.
• The individual craves the drugs/substances.
It is all they think about and their addiction starts
to take over their life. “They are insecure, they don't trust themselves or other people as a source of security, support and positive feedback. Instead they turn to drugs, alcohol, gambling, eating or sex, because these objects or activities are predictable and therefore trustworthy. Causes of addictive personality can have physical, psychological or genetic components.” – Craig Nakken An addictive personality is the psychological trait that predisposes people to addictions. Some medical, neurobiological and psychological experts have been debating for many years whether an addictive personality is existent or just a theory. Characteristics of an addictive personality • They withdraw themselves from society and are known to be antisocial.
• They act on impulse, meaning that they will do anything to get a hold of the substance that is being abused.
• They have problems making long term plans, and rather do tasks that are easy and short.
• Deal with anxiety and depression. They feel under pressure most of the time and stressed out. Impact on Family and Friends Family • An addict will usually break apart from their family, leaving them worried about the addict’s health and well being.
• Family members have to tolerate the negative behaviours and feedback of the person they are trying to help. Friends In some cases family (especially mothers) try to ignore the fact that their son or daughter are addicted to a substance and they will stick up for them, resulting in denial.
If the addict is the mother or father their child or children will feel responsible for their parents' bad habit. They become depressed and have low self-esteem. They will usually try to get the attention of the addict in a negative way (lying, stealing, fighting, skipping school). • The addict pushes themselves away from their friends, leaving them feeling hurt and angry. Friends will try to deny the problem of the addict and may sometimes join them and encourage them. What is Addiction? What comes to mind when you think of addiction? The Four Stages of Addiction Is an Addictive Personality a Myth? "No gene has ever been identified. There’s no such thing as a pre-addictive personality" experts say.
Predisposition to addiction is more accurately a combination of biological, psychological and environmental factors
Under debate; many theories. Addictionologists theorized that some people may have deficiencies in their brain reward systems.
Other drug users gravitate toward their “drug of choice” to “self-medicate.” e.g. Heroin for delusions, cocaine for depression.
Edward J. Khantzian, a Harvard psychiatrist, believes many substance-dependent people have an inability to calm and soothe themselves when stressed (usually learnt between ages 1 and 3). Addiction as an Escape A compulsive gambler’s involvement in a betting process blocks out his personal problems.
An addict's drug becomes an obsession that they forget everything else, including the psychological pain from withdrawal.
A compulsive eating disorder is a form of self-medication. Food — one of the few things (in addition to love) that can calm a distressed child. Researchers are still trying to figure out why some people have brain changes and become addicted while others do not. While there are still many unknowns, scientists believe they’re making progress.
The ultimate goal: to develop medicine to control the craving. Real or Not: The Ultimate Goal Discussion Do you think an Addictive personality is just a myth or is it something to do with the brain ? Do you agree with the 4 stages of Addiction ?
experimentation, misuse of substance, abuse of substance and drug addiction and dependancy Who do you think is most affect by an addict, family, friends or colleagues