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Tok Presentation - One Child Policy

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Hannah Clarke`

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Tok Presentation - One Child Policy

Does the harshness of the One Child Policy in China violate ethical values? Government Family Planning Policy Government family planning policies vary from country to country Background Information Video to illustrate China's One Child Policy An abandoned newborn baby is recovering in hospital after having her throat cut, being put in a plastic bag and thrown into a garbage bin in China's Liaoning province.

The girl was found in Anshan city, in northeast China. She is believed to be a victim of the country's notorious one child policy - and seems to confirm the long-held belief that parents upon which this restriction is imposed prefer boys.
Infanticide of 'guilt children' is still a problem in rural areas but it is rare in cities, where children are usually abandoned but not killed. The baby's fate has horrified China. The girl, who is yet to be named, was spotted when a collectibles scavenger saw what he thought was a dead baby in a bag. An extract from an article in the daily mail Is it justified for governments to enforce ruthless planning policies? Knowledge Question Argument: It is not justified for governments to enforce ruthless family planning policies Counter Argument: It is justified for governments to enforce ruthless family planning policies China's One Child Policy was introduced in 1979 by the Chinese government to try and solve the problem of overpopulation There are other policies that are not as extreme as China for example Kerala,in India The view of parental ethics using emotion and reason Parents perception that the entire policy is unfair and immoral Mothers who have been forced to have their baby aborted can suffer severe psychological consequences Utalitarianism Deontology Children using natural sciences and reason No wives so, girls were kidnapped from rural areas No siblings resulting in Increasing levels of suicide Have to bear the burden no sibling to share it with There is a "4-2-1" problem brewing High gender imbalance Increasing gap between rich and poor Has a negative economic impact No sibling rivalry which could lead to problems Parents are able to concentrate their attention so grow up to be a better person State's resources can be spread to other things Children Parents If this evil policy is not stopped, this country will have no humanity - Feng Jianmei Based on consequentialism where the righteousness of an action is based on its consequences, this policy is ethical as it strives to provide the nation the best Using deontology, where the morality of the action depends on the motive of the action, the one-child policy is ethical The parents view on the policy is immoral and cannot be accepted as it is a biased perception of the policy Their emotions blind them from the true benefits of the policy Government Population boom Chinese government unable to support the ever increasing population Overcrowding Previously boys would get more resources - empowerment of men Conclusion By examining the ethical, social and economic implications on various groups (parents, children and government) it can be concluded that the policy is not justified It is ethically harming the whole community
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