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Maus Graphic Novel Unit
Transcript of Maus Graphic Novel Unit
by Art Spiegelman
REGO PARK, NY
Art Spiegelman visits his father, Vladek, and Vladek's wife, Mala
Today's Lesson (Day3)
What I Know
What I Want
What I Learned
*Reading a Graphic Novel PowerPoint
*Journal: For 15 minutes, write about the most exciting thing that has ever happened to you. It can be funny, scary, or adventurous, but you must include an exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution..
An Introduction to the Holocaust
Holocaust: A survivor Tells his Story
Write your own comic strip!
Journal: On the cover of
Spiegelman calls his book "A Survivor's Tale." What makes a person a survivor? Do you know any survivors? Explain.
*Born September 30, 1928
*Born in Sighet, Romania
*Went to concentration camps at age 15 because he was Jewish
*Watched his father die
*Lost all family members
*Survived almost one year in concentration camps; moved to the United States
*Won Nobel Peace Prize in 1986
*Born June 12, 1929 in Germany; lived most of her life near Amsterdam, Netherlands
*Hidden in a "secret annex" in Amsterdam to avoid going to concentration camps after Nazis gained control of Germany
*After she and her family were found, Anne was transported to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
*She died in March 1945, at age 15
*After her death, her diary was discovered and published
A short and amusing or interesting story about a real incident or person.
An account regarded as unreliable or hearsay.
Example: p 35
Symbolism and Allegory (PowerPoint)
Vladek as a
*Learning about the Holocaust
Journal: Based upon the trailer and what you have learned about the Holocaust, how do you feel about this unit?
1.Work on comic strip
2. Consult your rubric/ directions
3. Work hard! 15 points!
4. Comics are due Monday!
Hand out discussion packets
Journal: It's been 70 years since the Holocaust happened. Why do we still teach it?
Begin reading Maus
For tomorrow: Finish Chapter1; answer discussion questions
1. Introduction/ Author Bio
2. Review Chapter 1
3. First impressions?
4. Important term: Anecdote
5. Introduce "Elder Interview" Assignment
If time, begin reading Chapter 2
Why do you think Spiegelman included Vladek's relationship with Lucia?
*Review Chapter 2
Read Chapter 2; answer discussion questions
*Drafting interview questions: peers
Chapter 2 Vocabulary
Social/ political movement aiming to prevent class structures (Soviet Union)
The basic monetary unit of Poland
A symbol with a clockwise bend to the arms, used as the emblem of the Nazi party and of the German state under Adolf Hitler, officially adopted in 1935.
Hostility toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism
A member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power in 1933 under Adolf Hitler
Also called "Selective Service."
A nation chooses a certain group of people to enlist in the army to help with the war. They are given notice and can face penalties for not going to fight.
A medical facility for long-term illness
Have you ever heard any stereotypes about Jewish people? What have you heard and what do you think of these stereotypes?
For tomorrow: Read Chapter 3, "Prisoner of War"
*Chapter 3 Discussion
Individual conferences and drafting: Interview questions
Chapter 3 Vocab
A state or territory that is protected;
In WWII Europe, it often meant a German-controlled environment
Annexed to Germany; German territory
A Jewish scholar, teacher, or religious leader
The German armed forces
The German secret police under Nazi rule
Please have your drafted interview questions out, as well as a brief description of who you are interviewing.
If you are done, please work on homework or read a book.
"I am an Activist"
The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.
What does this quote mean?
Have you noticed any humor in Maus? Brainstorm 5 reasons why you think Spiegelman decided to include humor in this dark graphic novel.
For tomorrow: read Chapter 4, answer questions.
Review Chapter 4
"Jews are Ordered to Leave Munich"
Chapter 4 Vocab
An illegal traffic or trade in officially controlled or scarce commodities
A member of a people speaking an Indo-European language who invaded northern India in the 2nd millennium bc.
In WWII, it became the "ideal" class for Hitler's Germany, often thought of as blonde-haired, blue-eyed Christians.
Is Maus a fable? If it is, what is the moral of the story? What age group should be taught this?
Journal: Skim through the pages of Chapter 5. Don't read yet, but find a picture that is especially intriguing to you. Why is it interesting? What kind of emotions does it provoke?
For the rest of the class period, read Chapter 5 and answer questions on the discussion packet.
Review Chapter 5 in your small groups!
You have 25 minutes. Be prepared to share your answers with the rest of the class.
Journal: Do you think the Holocaust could ever happen again? Choose an answer, then find 3 reasons to support your claim.
The deliberate killing of a large group of people, esp. those of a particular ethnic group or nation
SSR: Chapter 6
and answer final questions
Journal: Do you think Americans should stay out of wars if we are not originally involved? Explain.
Review Chapter 6
Chapter 6 Vocab
Dealing with things sensibly and realistically.
A very poor person or a person who receives social charity.
Having or showing the weaknesses or diseases of old age, esp. a loss of mental faculties.
"Captives Confirm Reich Atrocities"
Unit Wrap Up
the policy or action of using vigorous campaigning to bring about political
or social change
1. When was this article published? Where?
2. What was initially taken/ restricted from the Jews? Why?
3. Who was Ernst von Rath? Why would this be a better scapegoat than the Final Solution?
4. How did the Jews react to the destruction of the streets? How would you react?
5. Were any Aryans affected by this destruction?
6. What kinds of buildings burned? Why would these buildings be targeted?
7. Why would more men be arrested than women?
8. What might the word "Aryanized" mean? Why is it written with quotations around it?
9. There is a simile in the 4th paragraph of this article. What comparison is being made? What kind of picture does this give the reader?
a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.
Holocaust Picture Analysis
"A New People"
cover of the Nazi Party’s Office of Racial Politics calendar, 1938. Source unknown
"Es lebe Deutschland!"
("Long live Germany!")
"Jews: A People of Contagion"
Nazi War Crimes-- Nuremberg Trials (10 min)