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Transcript of Rwanda Genocide
Who, What, Why, Where Why, How
Who: The people of Rwanda
What: Rwanda Genocide was a genocidal mass murder of Tutsi Rwanda Africa.
When: April 7- July 15 1994
Where: Rwanda, Africa
Why: They murdered as many as 1,000,000 people and most of those people were Tutsi. They did this because the Hutu believed that a Tutsi killed their president.
How: They started off with negative propaganda, and then later began mass murdering the Tutsi population in Rwanda.
Classification- The Hutu's started classifying the Tutsi's by separating them into 3 main groups.
Symbolization- The Tutis and Hutu's have very small differences so the Hutus made them selves ID's so that everyone knew who they were.
Dehumanization- The Hutus start spreading propaganda throughout Rwanda, causing everyone to think as the Tutsi's as less than human.
Organization- The Hutu's began placing all of the Tutsi's in teh same areas, and began organizing the weapons they were going to use.
Polarization- Rwandan polarization consisted of misleading information passed through the radio and newspapers.
Preparation- The Hutu's prepared for the genocide by getting their weapons together, spreading propaganda, and making sure that there plans were full proof.
Extermination- The Hutus murdered and raped over 500,000–1,000,000.
Denial- The Hutu's aren't in denial of killing the Tutsi's, they r just claiming that it was not a Genocide, and that it was a civil war.
People writing out the words "End Genocide Now!" using dead bodies.
People writing out the words "Enough!" using dead bodies.
People that lead the Rwanda Genocide, and how many have been arrested for it.
Map of Africa and Rwanda
How the genocide ended
The genocide finally came to an end when French troops constructed an intervention that was approved by the United Nations. The entered southern Rwanda in late June to conclude the genocide on July 18th, 1994. All of the Rwandan refugees were sent to Zaire for safety.
How did the genocide effected the world?
The Rwandan Genocide effected our world in many ways. This genocide was one of the largest genocides since World War II. This out a big toll on many countries, and they didn't even realize this until the genocide was over. The UN overlooked many of of the defying factors that made this a genocide, leaving many people helpless. The Rwandan Genocide also made more people realize the amount of sexual violence that goes on during wars. This also led to the creation of the International Institution of Criminal Justice.
What sparked the genocide?
The Rwandan genocide was initiated after the president, Juvenal Habyarimana, died. He was in a plane that was landing in Kigali, which is the capital of Rwanda. As the plane was descending, it was shot down, killing everyone on board.
The president was on board alongside Cyprien Ntaryamira, the president of Burundi. The were heading back from a conference in Tanzania where they were discussing how to end ethnic violence in Rwanda and Burundi.
What other countries were involved?
Methods of Extermination
The Targeted Group
The Leaders of the Genocide
There were several methods of extermination that were used in the Rwandan Genocide. Some tactics and weapons that were used in the process of exterminating people were rape, propaganda, machetes, grenades, and guns. An estimated 150,000 to 250,000 women were raped in the genocide. The propaganda was a form of extermination because it's what fueled the sex violence and murdering. After they are killed, they are brought to the country side and are covered with banana leaves.
Rwanda's population of seven million was composed of three ethnic groups. Hutu 85%, Tutsi 14% and Twa 1%. The targeted group during this genocide was the Tutsi. The Tutsi's came from northern Africa, and they were know as the higher class in Rwanada. On April 6, 1994, a plane carrying President Habyarimana, a Hutu, was shot down. The person that shot it was said to be a Tutsi, and this was the spark of the genocide against them.
The Militia leader in Gisenyi.
The vice president of the
Bizimana had a large political role in Rwanda, and after the death of their president, he became the Minister of Defence in the interim government .
Rwanda is a sovereign state in
central and east Africa. It is
surrounded by the Congo, Uganda
Tanzania, and Burundi.
Rwanda is made up of steep hills
and many deep valleys.
They have a republican government, and are made up of three groups, the Hutu, Tutsi, and the Twa.
The capital of Rwanda is Kigali, and their main languages are Kinyarwanda, French, and English
There weren't many other countries involved in the Rwandan genocide besides the Hutu and the Tutsi. Many countries wanted to avoid the loss of lives, and American didn't want another entanglement after our issue with Somalia.
One of the 6 branches of the United Nations, the Security Council, provided 5,000 men to be sent to Rwanda, but there was a delay, and they didn't arrive until months after the genocide was over.