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ENSC 423 - Environmental Economics

C Phelps

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of WATER

ENSC 423 - Environmental Economics

By Chelsea Phelps, Bailey Spiteri, Melanie Brooks, Arvinder Dhaliwal, Alyse Hegmans & Mike Lowe
Increase Supply of Available Fresh Water
Dams to capture water
Decrease Water Demands
Water Pricing
Increased block rate structure
Improved irrigation methods
Convert from surface irrigation to drip or sprinkler
Encourage conservation
Convert Waste-Water to Fresh-Water
Orange county Ground water Replenishment system
Water Quality
Access to almost 20% of the world’s stock of fresh water
7% of the total flow of incoming renewable water
Home to 0.5% of world's total population
Resource Depletion...
Water Quantity

Excessive Pumping of Groundwater
Stress on Fresh Water Supply Due to Population Growth
Consequences of Natural Resource Depletion (Overconsumption)
Consequences of Declining Water Quality
Degradation of ecosystem services
Health-related costs
Impacts on economic activities including agriculture industrial production and tourism
Increased water treatment costs
Reduced property values
Amount of Canadians Relying on a Sewer System

Over Use of Fresh Water
Climate Change
High Supply Demand for Fresh Water
Loss of natural capital

Source: https://www.ec.gc.ca/indicateurs-indicators/2647AF7D-3232-4DF5-8B82-C21B4D990B2A/MWT_en.gif
Source: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/16-201-x/2010000/m022-eng.htm
Supply and Demand on Canadian Water Systems
Source:www.imis100cal.ca/cda/images/cda/damphotos/daniel-Johnson dam photo1.jpg
source: www.sydneydesal.com.au
Source: Metrovancouver water usage
Economic Analysis of Water Quality
Economic Analysis of Water Quantity
Angelakis, A., & Durham, B. (2008). Water recycling and reuse in EUREAU countries: Trends and challenges. Desalination , 218 (1-3), 3- 12.

Daniel-Johnson, Barrage. (n.d). Image: http://www.imis100ca1.ca/cda/Francais/accueil/Francais/Acceuil.aspx

Environment Canada. (2012, February 16). Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved September 8, 2015 from Environment Canada: https://www.ec.gc.ca/eau-water/default.asp?lang=En&n=1C100657-1#ws66EA3647

Government of Canada, (2013). Municipal Wastewater Treatment Indicator. Retrieved September 7, 2015, from Environment Canada: https://www.ec.gc.ca/indicateurs-indicators/default.asp?lang=En&n=2647AF7D-1

GreenBiz. (2013). Image: http://www.greenbiz.com/blog/2013/12/16/drain-drink-innovations-wastewater-reuse

Harris, J. M., & Roach, B. (2013). Environmental and Natural Resource Economics 3rd Edition. New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc. .

MetroVancouver. (2015, September 05). Resevoir levels and Daily Consumption. Retrieved September 07, 2015, from Metro Vancouver: http://www.metrovancouver.org/services/water/conservation-reservoir-levels/reservoir-levels/Pages/default.aspx

Patel, M. (2010). Initial Expansion of the Groundwater Replenishment System, Engineer's Report. Orange County Water District.

Statistics Canada. (2013). The demand for water in Canada. Retrieved September 7, 2015, from Statistics Canada: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/16-201-x/2010000/part-partie3-eng.htm

Sydney Desalination Plant. (n.d.). Image: www.sydneydesal.com.au

TEEB. (2013). Natural Capital Accounting and Water Quality: Commitments, Benefits, Needs and Progress. Retrieved September 7, 2015, from The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: http://www.zaragoza.es/contenidos/medioambiente/onu/1315-eng_Natural_Capital_Accounting_and_Water_Quality_Commitments_Benefits_Needs_and_Progress.pdf

The Groundwater Foundation. (n.d.). Potential Threats to Our Groundwater. Retrieved September 7, 2015 from The Groundwater Foundation: http://www.groundwater.org/get-informed/groundwater/overuse.html

UN Water. (2014, October 7). Water Quality. Retrieved September 8, 2015, from United Nations Inter-Agency Mechanism On All Freshwater Related Issues Including Sanitation: http://www.unwater.org/topics/water-quality/en/

United Nations. (2014, October 23). Water Quality. Retrieved Septmber 7, 2015, from United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs: http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/quality.shtml

United States Geological Survey. (2003). Ground-water depletion across the nation. Retrieved September 8, 2015, from USGS: http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs-103-03/JBartolinoFS(2.13.04).pdf

United States Geological Survey. (2015a, August 20). Land subsidence. Retrieved September 8, 2015, from USGS: http://water.usgs.gov/edu/earthgwlandsubside.html

United States Geological Survey. (2015b, July 27). Irrigation Techniques. Retrieved September 07, 2015, from USGS: http://water.usgs.gov/edu/irmethods.html

United States Geological Survey. (2015c, July 27). Saline Water: Desalination. Retrieved September 7, 2015, from USGS: http://water.usgs.gov/edu/drinkseawater.html

Woodside, M. W. (2015). Groundwater managment Plan, 2015 Update. Orange County: Orange County water District

Loss of important ecosystem services
Financial implications due to a lowered water table
Land Subsidence
Source: www.greenbiz.com OC wastewater
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