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Stem Cells

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Mansi Dhond

on 2 January 2014

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Transcript of Stem Cells

Pros
Future
Cons
Time
Price For Patients
Uneducated People
Funding
Misuse
Stem Cells

By Mansi Dhond, Sophie Gad and Carolyn David
Stem Cell Definition
Undifferentiated or ‘blank’ cells found in the human body
Develop into different cells
Carry out various functions

Embryos
Other Methods:
Placenta
Umbilical Cord
Transplants
Graft-Versus-Host disease
Pros
Cons
Best Time To Harvest
Types of Transplants:
- Autologous
- Allogeneic
- Synegeneic
Burns
Are stem cell transplants ethical and how can they benefit the future of medicine?

Adult Stem Cell Definition
Where Are They From?
Alkali Burns
Essential Question
Different Types
Embryonic Stem Cells
iPS (Induced)
Adult Stem Cells
Multipotent
Pluripotent
Totipotent
SOURCES:
Introduction To Stem Cells
-American Cancer Society. "Stem Cell Transplant (Peripheral Blood, Bone Marrow, and Cord Blood Transplants)." Stem Cell Transplant (Peripheral Blood, Bone Marrow, and Cord Blood Transplants). American Cancer Society, 2 Oct. 2013. Web. 14 Dec. 2013.
-Boston's Children Hospital. "How Do We Get Pluripotent Stem Cells?" Boston Childrens Hospital. Boston Children's Hospital, 2013. Web. 18 Dec. 2013.
-Beil, Laura. "Stem Cells Treatments Overtake Science." The New York Times. Arthur Sulzberger Jr., 9 Sept. 2013. Web. Dec. 2013.
-Coriell Institute for Medical Research. "What Are Stem Cells? - Stem Cells - Coriell Institute for Medical Research." What Are Stem Cells? - Stem Cells - Coriell Institute for Medical Research. Coriell Institute for Medical Research, 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2013.
-Dillow, Clay. "Using a Lab-Grown Trachea, Surgeons Conduct the World's First Synthetic Organ Transplant." Popular Science. Popular Science, 7 July 2011. Web. 14 Dec. 2013.
-Ferro, Shaunacy. "Whoa! Scientists Grow A Brain In A Dish." Popular Science. Popular Science, 28 Aug. 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2013
-Hughes, Virginia. "The Rise of the Multi-Talented Adult Stem Cell." Smithsonian. Smithsonian, July-Aug. 2013. Web.
-Lewis, Susan K. "Stem Cells Poll." PBS. PBS, 01 July 2008. Web. 14 Dec. 2013
-The Microscope Imaging Station. "Features." Microscope Imaging Station. Stem Cells: Cells with Potential. Exploratorium, 2013. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
-NY Stem Staff. "NYSTEM." What Is the Difference between Totipotent, Pluripotent, and Multipotent? New York Stem Cell Science, 2013. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
-Pastore, Rose. "Stem Cell Transplants Erase HIV In Two Men." Popular Science. Popular Science, n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2013.
-Staff, Mayo Clinic. "Stem Cell Transplant." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 22 Aug. 2012. Web. 10 Dec. 2013.
-"Stem Cell Transplants." Stem Cell Transplants. Ed. Elana Pearl Ben-Joseph. The Nemours Foundation, Oct. 2012. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
-University of Michigan. "Yamashita Lab Research." Life Sciences Institute University of Michigan. University of Michigan, 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2013.

Why Stem Cells?

Adult Stem Cells
Multipotent
Where Are They Found?
Bone Marrow
Brain
Blood vessels
Skeletal muscle
Skin
Teeth
Heart
Gut
Liver
PRIMARY SOURCE: DAVID MCKEON; NYSCF
Potential
Only multipotent
Blood disorders
Not much more
Pluripotent
Almost Anything (Cancer, HIV, Other Diseases)
Non-genetic
Potential
Embryonic Stem Cell Definition
Ethical Debate
Pros
Cons
Solution: iPS (iPSc)
Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
Shinya Yamanaka
EmbRyonic Stem Cells
iPS Definition
Where Are They From?
Reprogrammed Skin Cells
Potential
Reprogrammed skin cells
Not embryonic stem cells
Similar
InduceD Pluripotent Stem Cells
Stem Cell Transplants
Successes
HIV/Lymphoma
Pluripotent
Inner Cell Mass
50-150 cells
4-5 Days Post Fertilization
Potential
Cancer
Disease
Save Lives
Destruction of embryo
Money
Same as embryonic stem cells
Almost Anything (Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Other Diseases)
Non-genetic
Can replace organs
Cure diseases
Replenish
Become anything
OUr Opinion
Atomic Model of an HIV Capsid
They Are Ethical
iPS
Everything has misuse
Can help save many lives
Make the world a better place
Full transcript