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Horror Genre - Giorgio and Lorenzo

Film HL
by

Giorgio Micheletti

on 15 October 2014

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Transcript of Horror Genre - Giorgio and Lorenzo

HORROR GENRE
HORROR?
By Lorenzo and Giorgio
Webster's Collegiate Dictionary
gives the following definition:"a painful and intense fear, dread, or dismay."
They
reveal
a mirror image of the anxieties of their time,
They trigger
adrenaline
from the audience, along with a sense of
panic
, alarm and dread,
Overlap
with fantasy, thriller and science-fiction!
There is a recognizable
pattern
that happens again and again
Splatter
Bibliography
Psychological
HORROR GENRE
Sub Genres
of Horror
Monster
Thriller
SLASHER
Slasher
means "
to hurt
"
Begins from the early 80's which led to iconic characters such as
Freddy Krueger, Michael Myers, Jason Voorhees

and
Leatherface
Depict teenagers in
danger
with no form of adult figure to help them
Most villans in slasher have a dark past -> leading them to become violent
One of the most
prolific
and
famous
subgenres
Subject to exclusive gadgets and box-sets
Different
SUB-Genres

Based on the
fear
of the main protagonist, on his feelings of
guilt
, on his faith and
unstable
emotional state of mind.
Examples of this sub genre include:
A Nightmare on Elm Street (2010)
Friday The 13th (2009)
Scream (1996)
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (2003)
"A more specific generalization of similar types of art or style within a less specific genre" -
Urban Dictionary
SLASHER

SLASHER
Psychological
Monster
J-horror
Thriller
Slasher
Examples of this include
The Blair Witch Project (1999)
American Psycho (2000)
Silence of the Lambs (1991)
The Exorcist (1973)
The Ring (2002)

Psychological
Psychological
J-Horror
Monster
Monsters
Scream
, 1996, Wes Craven

A Nightmare on Elm Street
, 2010, Wes Craven
The Ring
, 2002, Gore Verbinski
Focuses on
struggle
between humans and monsters
The monster is created usually in an
experiment gone wrong
,
The monster is usually the main villain
Sometimes there is a
hero
or heroine that saves the world from the monster
Falls within
sciene-fiction
and
fantasy
Godzilla (2014)
Jaws (1975)
The Host (2006)
28 Days Later (2002)
Godzilla
, 2014, Gareth Edwards
Unique
thematic and conventional treatment of the horror genre,
Focuses on psychological horror and suspense,
Involves mainly
ghosts
and
Poltergeists
,
Main themes:
exorcism, shamanism, Yōkai,

Ju-on: The Grudge
, 2003, Takashi Shimizu
Triggers intense excitment, suspense, high level of anticipation, tension, anxiety, and uncertainty
Main goal: only one, keep the audience cliff-hanging at the edge of their seats until the climax
Usually: tension sorrounding main character that is a dangerous situation, life is threatened. characters come into conflict with each other
Psycho,
1960, Alfred Hitchcock
Vertigo
, 1958, Alfred Hitchcock
Main focus:

graphic
portrayals of
gore
and graphic violence, fear derives from
physical destruction
and the pain that comes with it
Focuses on
vulnerability
of the human body and the
theatricality
of its mutilation
George A. Romero: 'splatter cinema' ->

Dawn of the Dead
Torture porn:
graphic violence and sexual imagery,
Splatstick
: over-the-top gore made to be comedic.
Saw III,
2006, Darren Lynn Bousman
Buffam, Noelle, ed. 'Genre: Horror - The Script Lab'. Thescriptlab.Com, 2014. http://thescriptlab.com/screenplay/genre/horror#.

Craven, Wes, ed. Do You Like Scary Movies? - Scream (1/12) Movie CLIP (1996) HD. Video, 2012.

Estep, Emily, ed. The Grudge Isn’T Over Yet, Reboot Possible. Image, 2011. http://cdn.wegotthiscovered.com/wp-content/uploads/the-grudge-593x360.jpg.

HD Wallpapers,, ed. 2010 A NIGHTMARE ON ELM STREET MOVIE. Image, 2014. http://www.hdwallpapers.in/walls/2010_a_nightmare_on_elm_street_movie-normal.jpg.

Horror 2112,, ed. Psycho Shower Scene One Of The Best In Cinema History. Image, 2012. http://www.doblu.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/pyscho4752.jpg.

Horror on Screen | A list of good horror movies for horror fans,, ed. 'Horror Genres And Sub-Genres - Horror On Screen | A List Of Good Horror Movies For Horror Fans', 2014. http://www.horroronscreen.com/wiki-horror/horror-genres/.

Horror.org,, ed. 'Horror Writers Association - What Is Horror Fiction?', 2014. http://www.horror.org/horror-is.htm.

IMagesci,, ed. Vertigo Movie 16611 Hd Wallpapers. Image, 2013. http://imagesci.com/img/2013/05/vertigo-movie-16611-hd-wallpapers.jpg.

IMP Awards,, ed. 28 Days Later Poster. Image, 2014. http://www.impawards.com/2003/posters/twenty_eight_days_later.jpg.

impawards,, ed. The Exorcist Poster. Image, 2014. http://www.impawards.com/1973/posters/exorcist.jpg.

Minuettoexpress,, ed. Recensionel Iron Man 3. Image, 2013. http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-3ck-eryuRQQ/UXpawupxgnI/AAAAAAAAKOg/9t-827EsPNc/s1600/iron+man+3.jpg.

Movie Poster,, ed. Saw III Poster. Image, 2006. https://www.movieposter.com/posters/archive/main/41/MPW-20726.

Nitehawk Cinema,, ed. Post No Bills: Friday The 13Th. Image, 2014. http://www.nitehawkcinema.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/friday-the-13th-poster-onesheet-high-resolutionx2600.jpg.

Out Now,, ed. Bild Zu Saw III. Image, 2006. http://outnow.ch/Media/Movies/Bilder/2006/Saw3/movie.fs/07.jpg.

See Sound,, ed. “Nessuno Di Noi Ha Mai Affrontato Una Situazione Di Questo Tipo”. Image, 2014. http://seesound.it/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/GODZILLA-il-re-dei-mostri-torna-a-ruggire.jpg.

szafa,, ed. Day 9 - Before I Die I Will.... Image, 2014. http://mattylevy123.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/the-ring-poster.jpg.

The Reel Guy,, ed. SAW III. Image, 2014. http://www.thereelguy.com/saw3.jpg.

This Is Another Castle,, ed. 31 Days Of Horror: Ju-On/The Grudge Double Feature. Image, 2013. http://thisisanothercastle.files.wordpress.com/2013/08/screenshot-2346-e1377027827253.png.

Urban Dictionary,, ed. 'Subgenre', 2014. http://it.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=subgenre.

MOVIECLIPS,, ed. A Nightmare On Elm Street #3 Movie CLIP - Grocery Store Nightmare (2010) HD. Video, 2011.
MOVIECLIPS,, ed. Samara Comes To You - The Ring (8/8) Movie CLIP (2002) HD. Image, 2011.
Filmmakeriq.com,. 'A Brief History Of Horror | Filmmakeriq.Com', 2014. http://filmmakeriq.com/lessons/a-brief-history-of-horror/.
ScienceDaily,. 'Why Do People Love Horror Movies? They Enjoy Being Scared', 2014. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070725152040.htm.
MOVIECLIPS Trailers,. Insidious: Chapter 2 Official Trailer #1 (2013) - Patrick Wilson Movie HD. Image, 2014.
HISTORY
An extension of a genre of literature of 1700s:
Gothic Horror.
Developed by writers in both
Great Britain
and the
United States
,
The term
horror
not used until
1930s
,
German Expressionism
was a style of cinema that emphasized expression over realistic depictions of reality. In 1919,
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
by Robert Wiene became iconic.
1920s
--> "Sound"
DEEPLY
affected the horror genre. Universal Pictures was the leading enterprise!
1930s
--> Universal Pictures kicks off the Universal Gothic horror cycle,
Small division at RKO, the smallest studio, lays stylistic foundations for low budget horror films,







Spook Tale
, 1895, the Lumiere brothers.
Dracula
, 1931, Tod Browning
Hammer Films Productions in The U.K. began
rebooting
Universal’s Gothic Monsters – but adding sex and gore. --> Terence Fisher’s
The Curse of Frankenstein
,
Late 1960s --> Horror about occult (
The Exorcist
, 1973, John Boorman),
Horror had been a staple of
low budget movies
, and as film production technology progressed and costs steadily declined the rise of independent filmmakers meant a rise of new takes on horror,
Inspired and scared many teens and independent film makers,
John Carpenter's
Halloween
, 1978 and grossed $240 million dollars (very little graphic violence or gore but very scary),
Independent horror wasn’t just about the slasher, but also splatter (
The Evil Dead,
Sam Raimi, 1981),
A lot of parodies,


History pt. 3
Wes Craven's
Scream
, 1996 rebooted the Teen Horror cycle --> Lead to
I Know What You Did Last Summer
directed by Jim Gillespie and Final Destination directed by James Wong.
Monster films start to rely heavily on CGI,
Psychological
Horror and
Thriller
have remained popular throughout the
90s and 2000s,
Late 90s -->
Torture Porn
(reboot of the Splatter films) -->
Saw
, 2003, James Wan,
The Blair Witch Project
directed by Eduardo Sanchez and Daniel Myrick (1999) --> First major film in the modern found footage horror sub-genre,
From George A Romero’s
Night of the Living Dead

(1968) the modern Zombie Apocalypse Cycle began when Danny Boyle rebooted the undead genre with
28 Days Later
in 2002.
History pt. 4
The Blair Witch Project, 1999, Daniel Myrick and Eduardo Sanchez.
Why Though?
First theory is that the person is not actually afraid, but
excited
by the movie.
The second explanation is that they are
willing
to endure the terror in order to enjoy a
euphoric
sense of relief at the end.,
New studies argue that horror movie viewers are
happy to be unhappy
.

Insidious: Chapter 2
, 2013, James Wan,
1940s
-->
Parodies
begin to ruin this cycle,
Between the post
World War II years and the 1950s
-->
Difficult
time for the Film Industry (Supreme Court) and Horror movies, that
try to stay relevant
! Teens want them though!
1950s
--> Pulp Science Fiction kicks in (monsters, aliens, creatures...),
1960s
--> Horror genre gains
popularity
(restrictive censorship of the Production Code abandoned in 1964),
Psycho (1960)
by Alfred Hitchcock --> No longer monsters, but humans!

Horror Pt. 2
Splatter
Full transcript