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Lauren Lane, Expressionism
Transcript of Lauren Lane, Expressionism
1905-1933 The Expressionist movement was greatly influenced by the works of Vincent Van Gough. Many artists wanted to convey an emotion through their art much like Van Gough did. Some of these artists include Marc Chagall, Wassily Kandinsky, Edvard Munch, Oskar Kokoschka, and Max Beckmann. Self-Portrait, Marc Chagall, 1914 The Expressionist movement developed at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. This movement began in Germany during World War I. Expressionism was mainly influenced by the exaggerated colors and simplified forms of Fauvism. Expressionists also drew influences from medieval German Gothic art, folk are and primitive art, consisting of African art. Some characteristics of this movement include strong colors and the use of suggestive and symbolic imagery. More characteristics of this movement include the use of thick paint, loose, freely applied brushstrokes, and occasional symbolism. Expressionism is very personal to the artist and is used to convey an emotion of some sort. This painting by Oskar Kokoschka expresses the emotions of an older woman. The artist successfully creates the woman's feelings through the use of thick paint applied with loose brush strokes. The artist also uses occassional bright colors to show emotion in the woman's face. Expressionism also developed from the art movement known as Post-Impressionism. While Post-Impressionists wanted to reproduce nature, Expressionists wanted to express their feelings and emotions. After World War I, many expressionists conveyed their feelings of despair through their pieces of art.This is true in Max Beckmann's painting, Departure. Departure features visions of torture and pain. Through this artwork Max Beckmann conveys how suffering and cruelty are inevitable, for the war has already come. In The Scream, Edvard Munch uses bright reds and golds, detached brushwork, and a masklike face to portray a great sense of fear. When Edvard was very young both his mother and sister died. These events led to him becoming obsessed with death. Munch often features a feeling of imminent tragedy in his paintings. Expressionism led to a movement known as Abstract Expressionism. This movement continued to stress an individuals feelings and emotions, but the subject became less apparent. The Scream, Edvard Munch, 1893 Portrait of Dr. Tietze and His Wife, Oskar Kokoschka, 1909 Small Pleasures,
Wassily Kandinsky, 1913 Departure, Max Beckmann, 1932-35 The Dream, Max Beckmann, 1921 Old Woman with a Ball of Yarn, Marc Chagall, 1906 "The greatest mystery of all is reality."
Black Lines, Wassily Kandinsky, 1913 Night, Max Beckmann, 1919 Portrait of Frau Reuther, Oskar Kokoschka, c.1921