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Copy of Build Your Ideas - Free Prezi Template
Transcript of Copy of Build Your Ideas - Free Prezi Template
Characteristics of the
Strong empathic relationships allow:
- the counselor to switch from their own set of experiences to that of the client.
-the client to understand that his/her world has been accurately experienced by another person.
-Chung & Bemak (2002): Cultural Empathy Skills
1) Have a genuine interest in learning more about the client's culture, 2) Have an awareness and sensitivity about aspects of the client's culture, 3)Have a genuine appreciation for cultural difference, 4) Make an effort to use culturally appropriate help-seeking behaviors and expectations
The counselor's state of mind, enabling them to respond to the client as a full human person rather than in terms of the role of 'therap
-Comfortable with self and helping behaviors, spontaneous, nondefensive, open to experience, consistent
- words, actions, and feelings are consistent (what you say corresponds to how you feel, look, and act)
- ability to express oneself easily and with tactful honesty without having to screen response through a social filter
- reduced unnecessary emotional distance between counselor and client
Carl Rogers - Provided conditions of a humanistic therapeutic relationship
1. People are in psychological contact.
2. One (client) is in a state of incongruence - vulnerable /anxious
3. The second (therapist) is congruent /integrated in the relationship
4. The counselor experiences
unconditional positive regard
5. The counselor experiences an
of the client's frame of reference & aims to communicate this to the client
of the counselor's empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard occurs
Prizing the client as a person with inherent worth and dignity, regardless of external factors such as the client's behavior, demeanor, and appearance
Reflected in counselors view of who the client is and also embraces the client's world-view (i.e.:ethnic and cultural sense of self)
Selective Attending/ Focusing
The sensitive client will find counselor incongruence to be confusing or distracting... or even as an indicator of insincerity or competence
Practice assessing non-verbals and establishing Genuineness in while building the working relationship!
- awareness of words, feelings, and responses - will help you convey your own meanings more clearly, leading to cleaner interventions! Consider your physical responses.
Openness & Self-Disclosure (Transparency)
- Use discretely, emphasizing historical events and measure effect on client. Always remain client-centered.
- Sharing a thought or feeling as it occurs in the counseling session.
Cormier & Nuris (2003) guidelines: 1) describe what happens as it it happening, 2)immediacy statement should be in present tense, 3) remain aware that it could produce client anxiety, 4)use caution not to use immediacy response to reflect countertransference issues
- Tone of voice: Soft, soothing
- Facial Expression: Smiling, interested
-Posture: Relaxed, leaning in
-Eye Contact: Looking into the client's eyes
-Touching: soft/ discreetly
-Gesture: Open/ welcoming
-Physical Proximity: close
-Respond to client's messages without judgement
-Use Enhancing Statements: Positive comments on client attitude, encouragement, support.
"I can see you've been working really hard..."
"You're allowing yourself to get close to your feelings now..."
"You're able to take risks now, even if it means discovering something uncomfortable or painful..."
Practice with a partner: Respond to a shocking comment/ statement!
When you first meet someone, how do you decide how much of yourself to share?
When you are deciding to share part of yourself with someone, what emotions may you feel before you know you can trust them?
What is it about someone's demeanor that keeps you talking?
'Bad Counselor' Role Plays
-The Advice Giver
-The Amateur Psychologist
The Perspective of Clients
The Client as Expert: Researching Hindering Experiences in Counseling
Julie Henkelman & Barbara Paulson
1. What is helpful?
2. What disparities are noted?
3. How would you apply specific counselor interventions?
4. What is interesting/ significant about the relational climate?