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Phonological Processes in Connected Speech
Transcript of Phonological Processes in Connected Speech
speech Elision the phonological process in which a sound that ought to be in a word is deleted
may affect both vowels and consonants Epenthesis the phonological process of
inserting a sound into a word Compression a phonological process in which two syllables become compressed into one Weakening Vowels
vowels in stressed syllables are often fully released
in unstressed syllables, vowels are often reduced to a schwa Metathesis Progressive Assimilation Regressive Assimilation [haʊzzæt] How’s that going to work? If the phoneme changes to match
the preceding phoneme,
it is progressive assimilation. If the phoneme changes to match
the following phoneme,
it is regressive assimilation. He’s quite good Reciprocal Assimilation If there is a mutual influence between the two phonemes, it is reciprocal assimilation. Do you like it Separating vowels
drawing drawring Sounds switch places in the articulation stream
Some function words have a weak form
and a strong form.
The strong form is used when the word
is stressed, the vowel is fully released.
The weak form is used when the word
is unstressed, the vowel is often
reduced a to a schwa. Function words phonological process that replaces /t/ with a glottal stop at certain positions.
Before /n/ within the word:
beaten, mutton, button
Within or at the end of a word when the
next syllable or word begins with a
football, late at night
At the end of a sentence:
What is that?
I ate a lot. Glottalization Consonants Linking Vowel-vowel linking
A /w/ sound is added when the first word ends with a rounded vowel
"go out" (go wout), "do it" (do wit)
A /j/ sound is added when the first word ends with an unrounded vowel
"we are" (we yare), "the animals" (the yanimals) Cosonant-consonant linking
When the ending sonsonant of the first word is the same as the beginning consonant of the next word, the sound is shared by the two words and is only pronounced once.
"black cat" (blackat), short time (shortime) Consonant-vowel linking
When the first word ends with a consonant and the next word starts with a vowel, the final consonant of the first word is linked with the beginning vowel of the following word.
"Watch out" (watchout), "An apple" (anapple) http://www.uv.es/anglotic/phonology/suprasegmental_phonology/elision/ http://www.uv.es/anglotic/phonology/suprasegmental_phonology/assimilation_exercises/ http://www.uv.es/anglotic/phonology/suprasegmental_phonology/linking_intrusive_sounds/ Exercise Elision Exercise Assimilation Exercise Linking Fambily for Family
"She were gentle an' sweet, an' the mos' beautiful creetur in all--in--in the place where we lived. An' her fambily was that proud an' aristocratic thet no one could tech 'em with a ten-foot pole."
(L. Frank Baum, Aunt Jane's Nieces at Millville, 1908)