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Disability and the Media
Transcript of Disability and the Media
35,000 devices were to be featured in a large ELL program abroad
Project was canceled because it lacked accessibility therefore the project was illegal
National Federation of the Blind
https://nfb.org/national-federation-blind-files-complaint-against-state-department Christopher Reeve
Michael J. Fox
OCD Howie Mandell --OCD
Tom Cruise--Dyslexia Music The current music industry emerged around the early 20th century when sheet music was transferred onto vinyl records.
Records then became 8-tracks and then onto cassette tapes.
Cassette tapes turned into compact discs and then CDs transformed into digital music
Major players within digital music
Facebook, Twitter, YouTube
Nielsen ratings report that nearly two-thirds of teenagers listen to music on YouTube more than any other medium
In the summer of 2012, “Call Me Maybe” by Carly Rae Jepsen was a #1 single for nine weeks
Her video was viewed 212 million times on YouTube and fueled the single’s radio airplay.
Social media is a major platform for mainstream artists, but how does it affect artists with disabilities? Print 1843, Charles Dickens,
“A Christmas Carol”
Introduction of the “Tiny Tim” character, which becomes a stereotype
1886; Robert Louis Stevenson
“The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”
The scientist Dr. Henry Jekyll discovers a means to artificially separates his good and evil natures, causing him to switch between two separate personalities through the consumption of a potion of his own creation
Disability starts to be seen in comics after World War II Why is the Media Important? Media influences its readers, listeners, viewers, and users on a daily basis
Repeated exposures to the media can be the basis for acquiring opinions, attitudes and beliefs
The media essentially constructs reality
Portrayal of people with disabilities
Positive portrayals help to produce positive feelings, help people become comfortable with disabilities, and increase acecptance and inclusion
Negative portrayals or infrequent exposure of disabilities leads to negative stereotyping and awkward social interaction Television The invention of television brought about another way of integrating people with disabilities into the media
Disability is used as a hook to draw attention or provoke emotions
Portrayal of disability focuses on the impairment that needs to be fixed and how they are unable to be "normal" instead of focusing on the whole character
Medical Model of Disability
Tiny Tim from "A Christmas Carol"
Today the media is helping to disperse some negative stereotypes by portraying people with disabilities in their authentic day to day life Film The Alliance for Inclusion in the Arts
Established in 1986 to advocate the full inclusion of performers with disabilities in American arts and entertainment
Strives to increase the inclusion of artists with mobility, intellectual, developmental and sensory disabilities in film
Expert resource for the accurate and authentic portrayals of people with disabilities in
Importance of Inclusion
Exclusion is a cultural loss to the nation
Denies audiences of an accurate account of American Society
Denies actors the chance to express who themselves Internet Access
Access to Internet services and devices ensured through American with Disabilities Act
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act, the U.S. government is required by law to make its websites accessible to the extent possible
Accessibility includes monitoring content to make it is easily understood by software and hardware devices that make it possible for people with visual or hearing difficulties, or for those who can’t use a mouse or keyboard, to have full access to the content of a website. By: Allison Marshall, Zara Ostrander, Brandi Ruvo, Allyson Strahler, and Nicole Whiston Disability and the Media Historically Stereotypes
Pitiful, pathetic, non-sexual, or laughable
Sinister, evil, worst enemy, or point of violence
Burdensome or unable to participate in daily life
From 1998-1999 a study was done to see how often people with disabilities were portrayed in prime time network commercials and to see how many actors had disabilities Geri Jewell First character on prime time television show "Facts of Life" in the 1980's with a disability
Geri hoped to dispel myths about cerebral palsy with her comedic, good hearted personality
Facts of Life" was more interested in showing her disability than her life Changing Times
Today's Portrayal is more positive and contains more authentic accounts of life because cable writers and producers are committing themselves to eliminating stereotypes
"Tru Confessions" (2002) is about a boy with a mental disability told from the point of view of his able-bodied twin sister
Parenthood, Glee, Raising Hope, House, CSI all have main characters with disabilities
Cable television has at least 10 main characters in television series and the actors for 8 of them actually have the disability
Game of Thrones, Breaking Bad, Secret Life of the American Teenager, Switched at Birth Where We Still Have to Go
Scripted characters with disabilities represent less than 1% of the characters on television
There is less opportunity for actors with disabilities to find jobs
Advertisers and Producers are criticized for not including people with disabilities but face criticism for hurt feelings when they do include them
Actors and Actresses
Often the disability role is acted out by someone who does not have the disability
When actors with disabilities play the role of someone with a disability, they have to opportunity to challenge stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination of society History People with disabilities were considered a humorous element to film
"The Fake Beggar" (1898)
"Don't Pull My Leg" (1908)
Even when disability was the focus of the film, it rarely had a happy ending
"City Lights" (1931)
Some films refused to deal with the severity of disability, forcing the character to either be cured or die, implying that living with a disability is in no way rewarding
Turning point in film was the release of "The Best Years of our Lives"
Featured an actor who lived with a disability in real life Turner Classic Movies Dedicates one month toward examining the portrayal of different cultural and ethnic groups in movies
Started in 2006
Movies from the 1920-1980s with characters with disabilities were featured in the month of October
Disabilities included blindness, deafness and psychiatric/intellectual disabilities
One night featured movies that focused on disabled veterans returning home from war
"Reach for the Sky" --Physical disability, war film
"An Affair to Remember" --Physical Disability
"Of Mice and Men" --Mental disability Movies with Disability The Children of Lesser God --Deafness
A Beautiful Mind --Schizophrenia
Rain Man --Autism, Savant Syndrome
Spinal Cord Injury
Four Weddings and a Funeral --Deafness
The Notebook --Alzheimer's Disease
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest --Mental Illness
Short Term Memory Loss Actors and Actresses More Actors http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675065284_impostor-beggar_blind-beggar_policeman-chases-beggar_crowd-gathers Rise of Internet 1950’s --Computers developed
Cold War Origins --Create a computer network capable of surviving nuclear war
1970-1980’s --Few with access to computers
1980 --Rise of PC’s, rise of email
1982 --Internet introduced Today's Demographics in the United States
93% of 18-29 year olds are online
81% of 30-49 year olds are online
70% of 50-64 year olds are online
38% of 65 + year olds are online Empowering Resources Center for Disease Control http://www.cdc.gov/Features/disabilities/
Disaboom is the leading resource for disability information and real-life articles about people with disabilities. Our broad range of topics, including health conditions, lifestyle, and helpful resources, help you create the life you want."
http://www.taylormorris.org Dating for People with Disabilities
http://www.Dating4Disabled.com Youtube “Cripple Bashing”
One reaction: “so I guess you and your friends are just a couple of those idiots who have no respect for people who are actually disabled. Yep, I said disabled and not crippled........thats the right way to say it. How about you two go out and get a life” Blogging “Justice is what love looks like in public”
- Cornel West
“This blog is about reconciling the two worlds of disability understanding.”
- David Ventre
“I hated the inevitable question, “What do you do for a living?” I didn’t want to say I was on Social Security Disability Insurance. I didn’t want to tell anyone that I did not have a job. But that was the truth. I had a disability, and it interfered with my ability to work locally.”
- Lori Adler
http://usodep.blogs.govdelivery.com/ Facebook Disability Scoop
Founded in 2008, Disability Scoop is the nation’s premier source for developmental disability news. With daily coverage of autism, intellectual disability, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome and more, no other news source offers a more timely and comprehensive take on the issues that matter to the developmental disability community.
The fearsome Bitch tackles controversial disability topics with all the subtlety of a hammer cracking a nut. Don't say we didn't warn you!
http://www.facebook.com/pages/Disability-Bitch/8547011787 Twitter @disability- “Disability etiquette has a basic premise: person first.”
Rudy; Twitter enthusiast with Cerebral Palsy
"you badly need medical help son. Will decent Rangers fans please substitute this windae-licker …”
George Galloway; British politician, author, journalist, broadcaster
“I believe in YOU RT @Josh_Greentree I have a disability, & you inspire me to keep on going. I believe in no one, but I believe in you.”
Seth Green; Actor
“Yeah just saw your picture fool you look autistic.” “I dont want no special ed kids on my time line follow some body else.”
50 Cent; Rapper, Actor
"Facing Disability" is a new site where the disabled & their family members answer questions in 100s of short videos.
Roger Ebert; film critic, Cancer survivor
Social security disability is incentivizing some not to work and it’s getting expensive
Steve Forbes; CEO
RT @turp206: "You sat there like an ottoman with a learning disability”
Adam Corolla; comedian
RT @lvarndell: R kids have rare disability. Pls help us raise awareness. Winner goes to White House. Pls retweet
Michael Phelps; Olympic Athelete Negative Side of Special Interests Mongo, www.urbandictionary.com
Someone who suffers from Down's Syndrome (trisomy 21).
Derived from contraction of a now unused description: "Mongoloid features" referring to the bridgeless nose and epicanthic folds of certain far-eastern races.
“Jesus man, Maccy D's have got a Jimmy no-stars working at the drive thru' and he's a f*****' mongo.”
Helen Keller Jokes www.jokes4us.com
How does Helen Keller drive?
A: One hand on the wheel and one hand one the road!
Q: What is Helen Keller's favorite color?
A2: Velcro. Standards for Internet Accessibility
A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided
Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with presentation.
Pages shall be designed to avoid causing screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.
A text-only page shall be provided to make a web site comply with provisions of this part.
When pages utilize scripting languages to display content information provided by the script shall be identified with functional text that can be read by assistive technology.
When electronic forms are designed to be completed on-line, form shall allow people using assistive technology to access information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of form, including all directions and cues. Coalition for Disabled Musicians Non-profit group founded in 1986 dedicated to enabling physically disabled musicians to pursue their musical dreams.
Can also be found on Facebook and YouTube
Introduce disabled musicians to others who have an understanding of disability-related problems.
Give access to an accessible rehearsal and recording studio.
Create "tag-team" systems and other adaptive techniques for pain, endurance, and other limitations.
Set up studio and stage bands for amateurs and professionals.
Hold live performances, produce recordings, and hold music workshops and seminars.
Promote public awareness of the disabled community as a great pool of talent and ability. Liverpool, England
DaDa – Disability and Deaf Arts
This company became one of the first disability control-led Arts Forums, breaking away from Shape in 1986 and eventually being set up in 1990 as North West Disability Arts Forum
Delivering disability arts projects since it was first founded as Arts Integrated Merseyside or AIM in 1984
Have been successful annually since 2001, so the festival will continue and remain truly ambitious and international in scale. Disability and Deaf Arts Festival Gary Schooley Amateur musician who became a paraplegic after suffering a fall that crushed part of his spine
Directory website of disabled musicians along with links to access their music
Gary created the website as part of using music as therapy
“This is about sound therapy and healing through music more than playing actual tunes. It is about my spiritual mind making music and healing the space that is the loss of a big part of my life, 'the use of my legs’. This space needs to be filled, it is healing day by day. “The Future of Music is not what it used to be- for musicians with disabilities.” Sound Cloud http://www.soundcloud.com
Music-sharing site consisting of original music performed only by disabled musicians
Forum to share, record, and download original music
Create music, share music with the world, and connect with other people
Visually shapes your music’s sound waves to add to the musical experience Music Activists Leroy Moore
Poet, Acticvist, and founder of Krip Hop Nation
Krip Hop Nation
Put a spotlight on disabled hip hop musicians in the early 2000s
British musician/producer with Cerebral Palsy
Founded The Access 2 Foundation
Provide access to music, art, and creativity
Twitter handle @BobbiStyle
in Comics World War II – Comic’s Golden Age
Creation of villains in Marvel, DC comics
Due to the large population of returning vets who are disabled
Characters usually stemmed from medical study volunteers wanting to be healed or cured
Typically the study goes wrong or is ineffective
The focus over time for villains moves away from physical disabilities to mental and psychological disabilities Eugenics
in Comics The X-Men Comic Series
Group of individuals with genetic mutations that give them “super powers”led by Professor Xavier who is a paraplegic
Jean Grey, Disassociate Identity Disorder (Phoenix), Last Stand
Thor – alias Dr. Donald Blake
Calamity – alias James Wa Access to
Social Media Accessibility
to Media On the Go
with Apple Apple
VoiceOver includes built-in voices that speak 36 languages
Differentiating between Australian, British, Irish, South African, and United States' English
Available for most Apple products
iPhone 4S, iPhone 4, and iPhone 3GS
iPod Nano 3rd, 4th gen
iPod touch 4th and 5th generation 5 mobile Apple devices support the use of Bluetooth enabled wireless Braille displays, right out of the box
25+ Braille languages supported
Closed Captioning available on all devices that support video
Aftermarket products available
Industry standard 3.5mm stereo audio jack
TecEar Music Link device
compatible with T-coil/Telecoil; BTE, ITE, and ITC aids
Developed to allow those with hearing loss to enjoy a true stereo listening experience without feedback or distracting background noise