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The Problem of Climate Change

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by

Humza Ali

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of The Problem of Climate Change

The Problem of Climate Change
IN European Union


Problems
1
2
3
Depletion in organic food products
Introduction to invasive species in the Northern part of Europe (Competition for food and possibly carrying diseases)
Diseases and Health Concerns
1
2
3
Solutions
Causes
Climate Changes
2002-2011 was the warmest decade in Europe
1.3 degrees warmer than pre-industrial age
longer and more frequent heat waves
precipitation decreasing in the south, increasing in the north
Arctic regions losing a lot of ice
demand for cooling has increased during summer
Problems
Causes to The Diseases
1. Ocean Acidification:
2. Change in Ice Cover:
3. Significant Economic Loss:
The Atlantic ocean and seas in the European Union are more acidic.
The melting and cracking of ice in the Arctic
The loss of tens of millions of euros per year.
Wildlife & Ecosystem Concerns
Europe has relatively few animal species
Causes
Ocean Acidification
Organisms: Climate change -> such as increase in weather and co2 emissions -> inhabitable for native species to areas

-> May lead to extinction

Plants: Intensive farming

Deforestation

Over exploitation!


Loss of biodiversity
Short term: Use less pesticides
Long term: organic farming

Short term: pest/biological control
Long term: complete eradication
Short term: give the soil nutrients
Long term: compost the soil for future purposes (30+ years)
Ocean absorbs 48% of atmosphere carbon
Carbon lowers PH level in water
Holds 50x more than the atmosphere
http://www.google.ca/imgres?safe=active&biw=1016&bih=570&tbm=isch&tbnid=9-9p1tLcktDfNM%3A&imgrefurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bouldercanyonfoods.com%2Fboulder-canyon-blog%2F8-composting-tips-from-boulder-canyon-natural-foods&docid=DkV4tqQ02QgKzM&imgurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bouldercanyonfoods.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2010%2F07%2FComposting.jpg&w=750&h=600&ei=QsHOUuWSNcPt2QXly4DgCA&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=610&page=1&start=0&ndsp=14&ved=0CGMQrQMwBw
Fresh soil after composting
has been done
=MORE ACIDIC!
http://www.okiraa.com/HDwallpapers/1920x1080/crystal-blue-waves-beach-beautiful-blue-crystal-nature-ocean-pretty-sea-sky-stunning-summer-sun-water-waves-54742.html
http://eurokulture.missouri.edu/?p=3577
Solutions
Causes of Climate Change
main cause is the greenhouse effect
greenhouse gases include: water vapor, Carbon dioxide and methane
Carbon dioxide levels increased by a third since industrial revolution
Sun is not responsible for climate change
Solutions to Climate Change
committed to reducing emissions by 20% by 2020
spends $375 billion to reduce emissions by 80% by 2050
promotes the use of renewable energy
Norway gets 99% of its energy from renewable sources
supports development of carbon Capture and storage
traps and stores CO2 emitted by industrial buildings
1. Deaths and hospitalizations due to heat waves
2. Hypothermia from blizzards
3. Injuries and death from flooding
4. West Nile virus, tick-borne encephalitis, Lyme disease, Malaria and Dengue
1. Contribution to greenhouse gas emission
2. Making earth a warmer place: resulting in less snow
3. Rapid ice melting in the mountains, excessive rain, etc
4. Earth temperature rising and causing hotter weather
Reduce greenhouse gas emission, Reduce burning of fossil fuels, u less transportation, use less energy, plant more trees
Among the 1000 native animal species in Europe, 155 species are considered endangered, and 16 of these specs are critically endangered.
About 10,000 invasive species have been recently registered in Europe.
ULTIMATE SOLUTION
Change in Ice Cover:
Increasing temperatures have huge impact on ice
Ice is melting at a high rate
A feedback loop has started
Melting=Darker ice=More radiation absorbed
http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2009/mar/11/sea-level-rises-climate-change-copenhagen
Significant economic loss
Coastal erosion
Money spent on beach nourishment
Damage of urban infrastructure
Damage of agricultural land
Modification of coastlines; damming of rivers, Coastline defense
Solutions
Ocean acidification
Need to release less carbon
Cars (transportation), heating at homes, industrial activities!
http://www.dangerouscreation.com/2013/08/a-collage-of-human-achievement/global-warming-pollution/
Loss in Ice Cover
Release less greenhouse gases
Primarily Carbon Dioxide
Pollution is the main reason
http://phys.org/news/2011-11-greenhouse-gases-overpower-ozone-hole.html
Significant Economic Loss
Soil erosion has to be dealt with
Cannot keep adapting to the coastlines getting more and more damaged
Links back to pollution and ocean acidification
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Olivers_Hill,_Frankston,_Australia,_viewed_from_boardwalkhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Olivers_Hill,_Frankston,_Australia,_viewed_from_boardwalk
Marine Biologist
Agriculturalist
FORESTER/ARBORIST
CAUSE #1
Problem #1
- Tree Pathogens and Pests
PROBLEMS #2
Deforestation
PROBLEMS #3
Forest Fire
- Spread by Wind
- Movement of diseased ash plants.
CAUSE #2
- Forests are cleared for agriculture
- Logging Operation
PREVENTION #1
-Destruction of infected trees
-Restrictions on plant movement i.e. on containment strategy.
PREVENTION #2
-Reforestation
-Reinforcing more strict deforestation laws.
CAUSES #3
- increased recreational use of forested areas
- inadequate public awareness and information
PREVENTIONS #3
-Public awareness
-Forest fire prevention strategies.
Long Term:
-Short Term:
Pesticides for the valued trees
Long Term:
Short Term:
-Public education
Short Term:
Long Term:
-Fire Fighting and suppression
Pollution/Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Doctor
Cause 1
That's because Europe has been largely covered several times by ice during the last million years and also due to the human activities of deforestation, agriculture, over-exploitation, and industrialization that have taken place during the last few thousand years.
Europe has relatively few animal species?
Cause 2
15.5% of Europe's animal species are endangered?
Habitat loss and fragmentation represent the greatest threats to European animals. Other activities such as human disturbances, pollution, accidental mortality, over-exploitation and invasive species contribute to threatening native animal species in Europe.
Citation
"Floods." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
"Climate Contradiction: Less Snow, More Blizzards." USA Today. Gannett, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
"Climate Change." Climate Change. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
"European Journal of Public Health." Heatwaves and Public Health in Europe. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
"Sources." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 20 Jan. 2014.
Pictures Citation
N.d. Photograph. Http://www.popfi.com/2010/12/31/blizzard-causes-100-car-pile-up-in-north-dakota/. Web.
N.d. Photograph. Http://knowledge.allianz.com/?126/what-is-the-greenhouse-effect. Web.
N.d. Photograph. Http://severe-wx.pbworks.com/w/page/15957981/Droughts%20and%20Heat%20Waves. Web.
N.d. Photograph. Http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/06/08/central-europe-floods_n_3407949.html. Web.
N.d. Photograph. Http://memydr.com/west-nile-virus/3301. Web.
N.d. Photograph. Http://climatejusticetaranaki.wordpress.com/what-you-can-do/real-solutions-to-climate-change/. Web.
Cause 3
Invasive species attacking?
Some of these species were introduced on purpose (pests) and remain economically important. Most invasive animals migrate due to climate change to find a suitable temperature and habitat.
Solution
Decrease human activities that affect wildlife and the ecosystem
Contaminate threatened animals, and and provide them with a suitable habitat
Reduce the use of any green-house gas emission
Local Waterways, Purpose

survive in a variety of climates (global warming)

Loss of Biodiversity
Invasive Species
50% of Agricultural devoted to the production of renewable energy
Depletion in organic (food) products
Ineffective cropping systems
Pesticides causes the food
chain to break down

Plant (pesticides) -> Insects eat it (now poisoned)
-> Birds eat insects (poisoned as well)
Climate change = Less biodiversity = More invasive species
Asian tiger mosquito
Loss of biodiversity:
Invasive Species:
Depletion in organic food products:
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