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Paper Plane Aerodynamics

Science Fair Project. Aerodynamics testing for paper planes.

Noah Quillen

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Paper Plane Aerodynamics

My Hypothesis was that the planes that were more streamlined would go farther. Pre-made planes (Made of a cardboard body, some Styrofoam wings, and a plastic nose), paper for the non-pre-made ones, and a tape measure for measuring the distance. I've always been interested in aerodynamics, so that's why I chose this topic for my project. Materials Purpose HTTP://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerodynamics#Design_issues_with_increasing_speed Aerodynamics & Streamlining Science Fair Project! Bibliography Purpose Wall of Planes Nick's Paper Airplane. Advanced plane. Basic plane. Pre-made planes Flame and Camo. Data Analysis Flame Camo Basic Advanced Nick's 18.333n 11.666n 11 23 22.666n 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Winner! The Advanced Plane was more streamlined than the others. It had the least drag and most lift. Also, the thin front prevented air from getting caught in the plane. Rather, the plane slices through the air. The wide back gave the plane it's lift. Therfore, the Advanced Plane proved most aerodynamic. This did not support my original hypothesis that Nick's would go the farthest. My results were in agreement with what I learned from my research. I could improve this test and further the study by adding a bigger variety of planes. Hypothesis I believe that Nick's Paper Airplane will go the farthest. Based on my research, a short plane with a wide wingspan will have the least amount of drag and the most lift. If this is correct, then my hypothesis will be accurate. Errors Somtimes a plane would turn sharply, and I would have to redo the throw. http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/lift1.html http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/what-makes-paper-airplanes-fly http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/bga.html Noah Quillen 6th Grade Ms. Rebecca Williams To find out which paper plane design is most aerodynamic. I have always found streamlining intresting. In this project, I am going to find out which paper plane design is the most aerodynamic. This experiment should help me find a design with very little resistance. The data gathered may help other scientists have a better understanding of aerodynamics. HTTP://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerodynamics#Design_issues_with_increasing_speed Research 4 This webpage states that velosity, pressure, density, and temperature affect how far the plane goes. I did this experiment inside to minimize pressure and density differences that might impact the outcome. It was done at a consistent temperature of 68 degrees fahrenheit. I tried to use the same amount of power with each throw in order to maintain similar velosity. This article also discussed "field flow" or the motion of air around an object. I learned that in order to correctly determine the speed at which an aircraft might fly, the environment must be taken into account. Research 2 http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/lift1.html This webpage states that lift is the force that opposes weight and is created by a solid moving through a fluid, such as an airplane moving through air. It is generated primarily by the wings of the aircraft. If the plane were moving through an area without any air, then lift would be impossible to attain. Research 3 This webpage discusses drag, gravity, thrust, and lift. All planes are pushing against the air no matter how aerodynamic they are. Drag, or resistance, is the result of the air pushing against the plane. Gravity is the force that pulls the plane down; therefore a small, lightweight plane would be ideal. Thrust is the force that opposes drag. It pushes the plane forward. Lift is the force that opposes gravity. http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/what-makes-paper-airplanes-fly Research 1 http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/bga.html This website explains what aerodynamics is and that people have been interested in it for thousands of years. Unfortunately, people have only been able to fly for the last hundred years. Aerodynamics affects a variety of things including airliners, model rockets, and even a curve ball! (experimental designs) Variables The constants were the temperature, air pressure, and air density. The manipulated variable was thrust. The independent variable was the design difference of each plane. Procedure I stood in a predetermined area throughout the test, threw each plane with consistent thrust, and measured the landing with a tape measure. Each plane was thrown three times and the totals were averaged and documented. Conclusion Results The purpose was to discover which paper plane design was the most aerodynamic. While the results for all designs were somewhat similar, the Advanced Plane design was the winner. Nick's Paper Airplane came extremely close, though. I expected Nick's to be the winner due to the small build and wide wingspan which, I thought, would provide more lift. It didn't! The Advanced plane's design, with the tiny nose and wide back provided the least resistance and traveled farthest.
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