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Transcript of Why Government
Governments, in all their various forms, are as old as the human species.
From the time that humans first began to gather together into groups, they also began to form themselves into governments.
Human created governments, past and present, are responsible for some of the worst possible acts.
Governments limit our ability to do what we want. They create laws that must be followed.
But WE (us humans) keep creating governments. It seems we can't stop creating them.
Our First two big questions
1. Why do humans create governments?
2. Is government necessary?
The gilded cage
1. Why does it exist?
2. Do we need it?
To answer these questions you will read two primary source documents that represent opposing points of view on our two questions.
- You will closely read each one while annotating your text and paraphrasing what you think each author is saying.
- You will decide which argument you personally find more persuasive.
-You will then be grouped with your like minded peers and work as at team to prepare for and perform in a formal and judged debate.
Debate - Developing your Skills
All Propositions should have the following format:
Assertion - A statement of fact.
Reasoning - An explanation that supports your assertion.
Evidence - Concrete proof that your assertion and reasoning is correct.
Oppositions should have the following format:
"They Say..." - Quickly restate the main part of their argument.
"But..." - State the basics of your counter argument.
"Because..." - Offer your reasoning and evidence.
"Therefore..." - Draw a conclusion that compares your opposition to your opponent's proposition and show how yours is better.
For Example -
A Quality Proposition
The NSA should have the legal right to collect and monitor all electronic communication that takes place in the United States. A sad fact of our world today is that a great number of violent extremists are actively trying to carry out terrorist attacks in the U.S. These extremists communicate electronically in order to plan, coordinate and carry out these plans. Giving the NSA the ability to monitor their electronic communication would allow them to stop attacks before they happen. In 2014 the NSA calculates that they intercepted over 1400 pieces of electronic communication that were related to ongoing terrorism investigations.
A Quality Opposition
They say that the NSA should be able to monitor all electronic communication in order to stop terrorist attacks, but this claim is based on a logical fallacy and is thus untrue. Just because the NSA is unable to collect the electronic communication of ALL Americans doesn't mean that they won't still have tools to monitor the electronic communication of legitimate terror suspects. The FISA court has only denied two out of 10,000 requests for electronic surveillance in the last 5 years. Therefore, the NSA already has the means to monitor suspected terrorists within the law, rather than collecting the electronic communication of law abiding citizens in violation of the fourth amendment's right to privacy.
Logical Fallacy - A flaw in reasoning.
A trick or illusion of thought commonly used in debates, advertisements and by politicians.
1st: Read over the 4 propositions that will organize our debate.
2nd: There are two props supportive of Gov. and two supportive of Anarchy. Figure out who in your group wants to argue in favor of the props supportive of your side and who wants to argue against the props supportive of the other side.
3rd: Once you know the proposition you will argue for or against, take some time to brainstorm some gut level responses to it. Why is it true or why is it not? At this point, write down all ideas...don't filter.
4th: Share your rough responses with your other group members and get their feedback on which are the strongest/best worded, etc.
5th: Use your group members' feedback to choose your best responses and to refine them.
6th: For each response you have, brainstorm what type of evidence you need to find to support it.
Beware the Rabbit Hole