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Primary and Secondary Sources

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by

Eric Hartman

on 4 April 2011

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Transcript of Primary and Secondary Sources

What are Primary and Secondary Sources? Primary Sources Primary sources are original records that were either created during the time period being studied or were created at a later date by a participant in the events being studied. They reflect the individual viewpoint of a participant or observer. Government Documents Manuscript and Archival Material Artifacts Visual Materials Music and Sound Recordings Hearings and debates of legislative bodies
Text of laws, regulations and treaties
Records of government expenditures and finances
Statistics such as census data
Investigative reports
Scientific data Diaries and journals
Legal and financial documents
Photographs
Maps
Architectural drawings
Objects
Oral histories
Computer tape
Video and audio cassettes War memorabilia
Cards and board games
Jewelry and clothing
Leather goods
Needlework
Hair, wool, and silk
Tablets Paintings, drawings, sculpture, architectural drawings and plans, and monoprints.
Woodcuts, engravings, etchings, and lithographs
Posters, trade cards, and computer generated graphics
Photographs
Film and video Manuscript music scores
Musical instruments
Sheet music
Historical and contemporary sound recordings on LP and disc
Books, periodicals, photographs, and archives related to music and musicians
Poetry
Plays
Speeches Secondary and Tertiary Sources A secondary source is a work that interprets or analyzes an historical event or phenomenon. It is generally at least one step removed from the event and is often based on primary sources. Secondary Sources Scholarly periodicals and books
Encyclopedias
Biographies
Commentaries
Dissertations
Journal articles
Textbooks Tertiary sources provide overviews of topics by synthesizing information gathered from other resources. Tertiary resources often provide data in a convenient form. Tertiary Sources Almanacs
Bibliographies
Chronologies
Dictionaries
Directories
Fact books
Guidebooks
Indexes, abstracts
Manuals
Quiz 1) Excerpts from the United States Constitution Primary 2) An interview with your mother about your grandmothers childhood? Secondary 3) A biography about the life of Sean Connery Secondary 4) Karl Marx's pen used to write the Communist Manifesto 5) The original sheet music for Beethoven's Symphony No. 5 in C Minor Primary Primary 6) A chart from a government agency's website, showing statistical data it gathered. Primary 7) A magazine article in which a staff reporter provides an overview of a topic, including a summary of recent developments in research related to the subject. Secondary 8) An encyclopedia article on your topic. Secondary 9) A book by an 18th century author about 17th century politics. 10) The same book but you are doing a research paper on the literary style of that author. Secondary Primary Can an object be both? Secondary: History of the Dustbowl
Primary: Literary Style of John Steinbeck Most common among,
Books
Pamphlets
Newspapers
Periodicals
Magazines Where to Find Primary and Secondary Sources The Library UAlbany Library
http://library.albany.edu/ Books
Databases
Journals
E-Reserve
Inter-Library Loan
Reference Sources Albany Public Library
www.albanypubliclibrary.org/ NewYork State Library
www.nysl.nysed.gov Museums New York State Museum
www.nysm.nysed.gov USS Slater
http://www.ussslater.org/ Shaker Heritage Society
www.shakerheritage.org Suggestions? Web Resources American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy Digital Library of Georgia Minnesota Historical Society Visual Resources Database http://collections.mnhs.org/visualresources/search.cfm?bhcp=1 http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/ http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html http://avalon.law.yale.edu/default.asp
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