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La Adventura de Guatemala
Transcript of La Adventura de Guatemala
La Siete Dimensiones
Guatemalans usually live with extended families and hold great respect for their elders (7) Their strong family values and students' cooperative attitudes in school make Guatemala to be a Vertically Collectivistic culture (8, p.101) Additionally, serving and sacrifice is a part of the culture- young children are expected to begin work in order to help the family financially and older children (usually females) are expected to assist with caring for younger siblings (7) The Peace Corps claims that, "Outsiders, even those with the best of intentions, tend to be viewed by villagers with suspicion" (9, p.9) In other words, Guatemalans have a high uncertainty avoidance tendency (8, p.85)
Spanish is the dominant language in Guatemala so unless you speak their language you may have a difficult time communicating verbally. The Peace Corps, the Embassy, and the US Department of State have all found that the people of Guatemala are suspicious of outsiders and tend to be cautious out of fear that their children will be abducted. It is important to refrain from approaching any children that ma appear to be unattended or you may be attacked (5, 9,11)
Comunicación No Verbal
Neuliep claims that because Guatemala is a collectivist culture, "greeting rituals often differ according to one's social class" (8) He also mentions a hand gesture used in the country used to symbolize "the finger", "called la mano caliente ('the hot hand')" (8)
The Peace Corp has a group stationed in Guatemala and says that, "You will find cloud forests echoing with the calls of
howler monkeys; crisp, scenic crater lakes; mangroves and beaches; and dusty deserts, all within a country about the size of Tennessee. There is the potential for hurricanes, tropical storms, floods,
volcanic activity, and landslides" (9)
Celebraciones de Guatemala
Because much of Guatemala practices Chrisianity they celebrate holidays such as Christmas and Easter by having family feasts, town parades, and giving gifts (7) As shown in the video, large town gatherings are also held for their annual Independence day celebration.
Especialidades de Comida, Moda y Artesanías.
Consejos de Viaje Básico
The Embassy recommends for American citizens who are planning on visiting Guatemala, to inform the embassy before hand. This is simply a safety precaution that any tourist should consider prior to leaving the country. The embassy also suggests that women should "avoid staying out late without an escort" (11) In addition, Guatemala's rainy season is from May until October which is not a time to visit because of potential flooding and mudslides. It is important to remember that although Guatemala is a beautiful place to visit, it is not patrolled by police officers as America is. Included on the right are some links for travel tips from the U.S. Department of State.
1. www.youtube.com. N.p., 6 Jan. 2012. Web. < Sights
of Guatemala, homeland of the Mayan people, land of biodiversity, variety of landscapes as well
as quality hotels and resorts. Guatemala is among best destinations according to top travel
sites. Choose Macaw Tours to reveal Guatemala for you.
2. www.youtube.com. N.p., 13 May 2012. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <
watch?v=OG8p9KnWWIs>. This is a short film I made for my CBSL project. In this short
slideshow, you will be briefly told the hardships and history of the nation of Guatemala.
3. wikitravel.org. N.p., 27 Sept. 2013. Web. 9 Oct. 2013. http://wikitravel.org/en/Guatemala.
4. www.princeton.edu. Princeton University, n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://www.princeton.edu/
5. www.state.gov. N.p., Feb. 2008. Web. 9 Oct. 2013. <http://www.state.gov/outofdate/bgn/guatemala/
www.youtube.com. N.p., 21 Mar. 2012. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <
Temple of Jaguar. N.d. pbworks.com. Web. Nov. 2009. <http://mayateamfour.pbworks.com/w/page/
6. Guatemala Society and Culture Complete Report. Petaluma, CA, USA: World Trade Press, n.d. Raritan
7. Valley Community College Library. Web. 9 Oct. 2013. <http://site.ebrary.com/lib/raritanval/
8. Neuliep, James W. Intercultural Communication A Contextual Approach. 5th ed. Thousand Oaks: Sage
Publications, Inc., 2012. Print.
9. peacecorps.gov. N.p., June 2013. Web. 6 Nov. 2013. <http://files.peacecorps.gov/manuals/
Overview of Volcano and Mountains in Guatemala. alh27.myweb.uga.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2013.
10. stc.uws.edu.au. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://stc.uws.edu.au/etext/Chp04_Mohan.doc>.
Chapter 4: Intercultural Communication
11. U.S. Department of State. N.p., 8 Oct. 2013. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <http://travel.state.gov/travel/
Xela, Guatemala, preparations for 187th Independence day Celebration. You Tube. N.p., 21 Feb. 2009.
Web. 7 Nov. 2013. <watch?v=SOOpdSsK0kU>.
Guatemala Tourist Attractions 2013 Guide. You Tube. N.p., 10 Mar. 2013. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.
Antigua Guatemala Back Strap Weaving Demonstration. Youtube. N.p., 2 Feb. 2012. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.
<watch?v=AbV5GHtzP2k>. Casa del Tejido Antiguo means house of the
ancient weavings and this museum is dedicated to textiles of Guatemala. Since long before the
Spanish conquest, the people of Guatemala wore clothing specific to their community
The Mayans ruled Guatemala until Spain conquered the depleting civilization in 1523-24 (5) During the peak of Mayan reign there was "heavy city-building" and "the development of city states" (3) Although 80% of these buildings still remain uncovered, the ancient city of Tikal can be explored in present day Guatemala (2) After Pedro de Alvarado (Spanish Conqueror) defeated the Mayan city of Tikal, the future Spanish rulers experienced great frustrations because floods and volcano eruptions destroyed the first two city capitals Spain had built (4,5). Finally, "Guatemala gained independence from Spain on September 15, 1821" (5) Mayan and Spanish culture influence present day Guatemala.
La Historia de Guatemala
Before the Spanish rule conquered Guatemala in 1523-24, the Mayan civilization ruled the region for over 1,500 years. Tikal was a successful Mayan city that thrived throughout the Classic Period. From 734-760 A.D. Yikin Chan Kawiil ruled Tikal. During this time the city was at war with Calakmul. Kawiil was determined to win the war and began to build a military power structure in order to defeat their enemy. Resembling power and redemption, the Temple of Jaguar was built without metal tools by the Mayan peoples of Tikal (5)
According to a study conducted at 40 US Universities, Guatemala ranked number two on the list of "Large Power Distance Cultures" (8) According to Edward T Hall, Guatmala is a high-context culture. In Hall's book Beyond Culture he explains that, "Latin American cultures" are customarily high-context (10)
Guatemalan culture is strongly male dominated. Women are expected to care for the children and fulfill domestic duties, while the males are taught from a young age that they will be "the future earners and caretakers of the family" (7) Guatemalan culture is strongly influenced by their ancestors and value: harmony with nature, tradition, elders, cooperation, ritual, spiritualism, "family and group needs" (8) (10)
Volcanoes and beaches
Lakes and Mountains
Traditional Mayan beliefs influences the "practice of cutting the umbilical cord on a colorfully painted ear of corn" (7) The corn is planted and a portion of its harvest is "used as an offering to gods" (7) These indigenous beliefs are still practiced to this day by many Guatemalans living in rural areas.
Colorful textile weaving began during Mayan times and the traditional hand woven clothing is still worn today. The bright designs are truly one of Guatemala's and brands its people's place in the culture. These textiles are also one of the top exports of the country. "Atole de Elote is a popular warm corn drink" in Guatemala, as well as; tequila (3) Guatemalan food is a lesser spicy version of Mexican food which consists of: rice, beans, tortillas, and tamales. Bananas and corn are abundant in Guatemala, along with sugar cane, coffee, cotton, dry beans, and grains.