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Child Development: Ages 4-7
Transcript of Child Development: Ages 4-7
To look at the Child Development process for children ages 4 through 7.
Benefits of Reading:
Cognitive, Social and Emotional Development
" Parents and educators who clearly understand how young children develop can play an active role in creating programs that foster their natural interest in learning, that than stifling it."
Continues to Grow
By age 3, 3/4 of it adult size
By age 6, brain has reached 95% of its adult size.
Between the ages of 3 to 6, rapid growth in the frontal lobe. (Santrock 2013, p. 211)
What is Socioemotional?
Areas of development.
Patti Abeyta - Liturature & Cognitive
Cleavon McLendon - Socioemotional
Tim Williams - Devotion & Physical Development
Identify the purpose
You can split this lesson for this age group in two ways:
Preschool-2nd Grade: It doesn't matter how old you are, God can still help you do important things
3rd-4th Grade: God doesn't look at your appearance or age, but your heart.
Success of this story will bring
Children at a young age can see that they matter and that God can use them just as much if not better then an adult.
Initiative Verse Gult
Self Conscious Emotions
Height & Weight
5 Overarching Standards
: Students demonstrate the motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
What is Cognitive Development
Strategies and Problem Solving
What could be learned
The whole child's development is linked to each of its aspects. Each aspect of development needs to be addressed in order for the child to grow. When one area is lacking, for whatever reason, the whole child suffers.
"Train a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from it."
David the Shepherd Boy
1 Samuel 16-20
Major Milestones related to socioemotional..
Self-Understanding and Understanding others..
Development of self recognition
Expressing Emotions/Understanding Emotions
Chromosomes and Hormones
Social Theories of Gender
Corporal (physical) Punishment
Spanking linked to Antisocial Behaviors
Strong Emotional Support of parents reduce link
Associated with Immediate Compliance or aggression and lower levels of morality
Reasons to avoid physical punishment:
Provides out-of-control role models
Punishment instills negative feelings.
Gross Motor Skills:
Enjoying simple movement--Hopping, jumping, running.
Fine Motor Skills:
Are being more refined
Standard 2: Students demonstrate knowledge of movement concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
Standard 3: Students assess and maintain a level of physical fitness to improve health and performance.
Standard 4: Students demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.
Standard 5: Students demonstrate and utilize knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.
Teach by example
Read together everyday!
Between ages 2 to 4
Thought has Limitations
Egocentrism - inability to distinguish between one's own perspective and someone else's
Animism - inanimate objects have lifelike qualities and are capable of action.
Overview of Discussion Topics
Devotion: How children relate to God
Socioemotional: How children relate to others
Cognitive: How children process information
Liturature: How children benefit from liturature.
Physical Development: How children develop physically.
Between ages 2 to 4
Uses primitive reasoning and want to know answers.
Can't understand what they cannot see
Fantasized thought bear little resemblance to reality
Cannot answer "what if ?"
Limits of Preoperational Thought
Centration - centering of attention on one characteristic to the exclusion of all others
Conservation - the awareness that altering an object's or substances appearance does not change the basic properties.
David and Goliath.
Nutrition & Exercise
i. Overweight young children
(Santrock, J. (2013). Life-span development (14th ed.) New York, New York: McGraw Hill)