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Child Development: Ages 4-7

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Tim Williams

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Child Development: Ages 4-7

Child Development: Ages 4-7

To look at the Child Development process for children ages 4 through 7.
Literary Development
Benefits of Reading:
Research data
Cognitive, Social and Emotional Development
Additional benefits
Physical Education
" Parents and educators who clearly understand how young children develop can play an active role in creating programs that foster their natural interest in learning, that than stifling it."

Cognitive Development
Continues to Grow
By age 3, 3/4 of it adult size
By age 6, brain has reached 95% of its adult size.
Between the ages of 3 to 6, rapid growth in the frontal lobe. (Santrock 2013, p. 211)
Socioemotional Development
What is Socioemotional?
Cognitive Development
Part 2:
Areas of development.
Cognitive Development
Physical Development
Topic Researchers
Patti Abeyta - Liturature & Cognitive

Cleavon McLendon - Socioemotional

Tim Williams - Devotion & Physical Development
Identify the purpose
You can split this lesson for this age group in two ways:

Preschool-2nd Grade: It doesn't matter how old you are, God can still help you do important things
3rd-4th Grade: God doesn't look at your appearance or age, but your heart.
Success of this story will bring
Children at a young age can see that they matter and that God can use them just as much if not better then an adult.
The Self
Initiative Verse Gult
Emotional Development
Self Conscious Emotions
Understanding Emotion
Regulation Emotions
Moral Development
Moral Feeling
Moral Behavior
Reading Abilities
4 Years
Physical Development
Height & Weight
5 Overarching Standards
Standard 1
: Students demonstrate the motor skills and movement patterns needed to perform a variety of physical activities.
What is Cognitive Development
Strategies and Problem Solving
What could be learned
The whole child's development is linked to each of its aspects. Each aspect of development needs to be addressed in order for the child to grow. When one area is lacking, for whatever reason, the whole child suffers.
Parting verse:
Proverbs 22:6

"Train a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from it."
The End
David the Shepherd Boy
1 Samuel 16-20
Major Milestones related to socioemotional..
Moral reasoning
Self Awareness
Peer relationships
Self-Understanding and Understanding others..
Development of self recognition
Expressing Emotions/Understanding Emotions
Moral Reasoning
Biological Influences
Chromosomes and Hormones
Social Theories of Gender
Cognitive Influences
Parenting Styles:
Corporal (physical) Punishment
Spanking linked to Antisocial Behaviors
Strong Emotional Support of parents reduce link
Associated with Immediate Compliance or aggression and lower levels of morality
Reasons to avoid physical punishment:
Provides out-of-control role models
Punishment instills negative feelings.
Motor Development
Gross Motor Skills:
Enjoying simple movement--Hopping, jumping, running.
Fine Motor Skills:
Are being more refined
Standard 2: Students demonstrate knowledge of movement concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activities.
Standard 3: Students assess and maintain a level of physical fitness to improve health and performance.
Standard 4: Students demonstrate knowledge of physical fitness concepts, principles, and strategies to improve health and performance.
Standard 5: Students demonstrate and utilize knowledge of psychological and sociological concepts, principles, and strategies that apply to the learning and performance of physical activity.
4 Years
5 Years
6 Years
7 Years
Book Suggestions
5 Years
6 Years
7 Years
Electronic devises
Teach by example
Read together everyday!
Executive Attention
Sustained Attention
Short Term
Long Term
Four Stages
Sensory Motor
Concrete Operational
Formal Operation
Symbolic Functioning
Between ages 2 to 4
Thought has Limitations
Egocentrism - inability to distinguish between one's own perspective and someone else's
Animism - inanimate objects have lifelike qualities and are capable of action.
Intuitive Thought
Overview of Discussion Topics
Devotion: How children relate to God
Socioemotional: How children relate to others
Cognitive: How children process information
Liturature: How children benefit from liturature.
Physical Development: How children develop physically.
Between ages 2 to 4
Uses primitive reasoning and want to know answers.
Can't understand what they cannot see
Fantasized thought bear little resemblance to reality
Cannot answer "what if ?"
Limits of Preoperational Thought
Centration - centering of attention on one characteristic to the exclusion of all others
Conservation - the awareness that altering an object's or substances appearance does not change the basic properties.
David and Goliath.
Nutrition & Exercise
i. Overweight young children
ii. Exercise
(Santrock, J. (2013). Life-span development (14th ed.) New York, New York: McGraw Hill)
Authoritarian Parenting
Neglectful Parenting
indulgent Parenting
Full transcript