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Poetry Terms

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Emily Castor

on 8 February 2016

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Transcript of Poetry Terms

1. Grab a paper from my desk and
have out a pen or a pencil
Poetry Terms
The measured pattern on rhythmic accents
in a poem
ex: Iambic Pentameter
Focuses on the syllables and accents
A comparison of two things without using "like" or "as"
Ex: Life is a box of chocolates
A comparison of two things using the words "like" or "as"
Ex: Life is like a box of chocolates
When a poet gives an inanimate object human qualities/talks about the inanimate object as if it were human.
The Train

I like to see it lap the miles,
And lick the valleys up,
And stop to feed itself at tanks;
And then, prodigious, step

Around a pile of mountains,
And, supercilious, peer
In shanties by the sides of roads;
And then a quarry pare
To fit its sides, and crawl between, Complaining all the while
In horrid, hooting stanza;
Then chase itself down hill

And neigh like Boanerges;
Then, punctual as a start its own,
Stop-docile and omnipotent-
A stable door.

By Emily Dickinson
A striking exaggeration. Hyperbole
usually carries the force of strong
Ex: I'm carrying a
ton of books!
sea him lent those bitter tears

Which at his eyes he always wears;
from the winds the sighs he bore
Which through his surging breast do roar.
No day he saw but that which breaks
Through frighted clouds in forkèd streaks,
While round the rattling thunder hurled,
As at the funeral of the world.
Words that imitate the sounds they describe
The repetition of consonant sounds, generally
at the beginning of words
Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore
Peter picked a pack of pickled peppers
The repetition of similar vowel sounds in
a sentence or line of poetry.
"A Rose for Janet"
by Charles Tomlinson
I know
this rose is only
an ink-and-paper rose
but see how it grows and goes
on growing
beneath your eyes...
An unstressed syllable followed by
a stressed syllable
The recurrence of accent or stress in lines of verse
The matching of final vowel or consonant sounds in two or more words
Whenever Richard Cory went down town,
We people on the pavement looked at him;
He was a gentleman from sole to crown
Clean favored and imperially slim.
The attitude a writer takes toward a subject or character: serious, humorous, sarcastic, ironic, objective, etc. Not just what you say but HOW you say it.
The atmosphere of the literary work intended to evoke a certain emotion or feeling from the reader or audience
1. When a writer uses descriptive language to paint a picture in a reader's head
"Preludes" by T.S. Eliot

The winter evening settles down
With smell of steaks in passageways.
Six o'clock.
The burnt-out ends of smoky days.
And now a gusty shower wraps
The grimy scraps
Of withered leaves about your feet
And newspapers from vacant lots;
The showers beat
On broken blinds and chimney-pots,
And at the corner of the street
A lonely cab-horse steams and stamps.
And then the lighting of the lamps.
"I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" by William Wordsworth

I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
" 'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door;
Only this, and nothing more."
"The Raven" by Edgar Allen Poe
Introduction to Poetry

Billy Collins

I ask them to take a poem
and hold it up to the light
like a color slide

or press an ear against its hive.

I say drop a mouse into a poem
and watch him probe his way out,

or walk inside the poem's room
and feel the walls for a light switch.

I want them to waterski
across the surface of a poem
waving at the author's name on the shore.

But all they want to do
is tie the poem to a chair with rope
and torture a confession out of it.

They begin beating it with a hose
to find out what it really means.
2. The use of vivid or figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas
3. Imagery intensifies the impact of the writer's words as he SHOWS us rather than TELLS us
Do Now

"Hope" is the thing with feathers—
That perches in the soul—
And sings the tune without the words—
And never stops—at all—

And sweetest—in the Gale—is heard—
And sore must be the storm—
That could abash the little Bird
That kept so many warm—

I've heard it in the chillest land—
And on the strangest Sea—
Yet, never, in Extremity,
It asked a crumb—of Me.

Emily Dickinson
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