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Policing in Switzerland

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tecara harrison

on 22 September 2014

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Transcript of Policing in Switzerland

Policing in Switzerland
by: Te'Cara Harrison

El Polizei
Overview
Fun Fact
Three levels of Police
Federal
Cantonal
Communal
Education/Training
Agency Size
Salary
Fun facts for Swiss Police
Due to the country’s federal structure and cantonal sovereignty in police affairs, there is no single national police force in Switzerland
Communal, Cantonal and Federal are the 3 Levels
Federal Office of Police
Organizational Chart
The Federal Office of Police (Fedpol) works with its international and cantonal partners as a center for information, coordination/cooperation and analysis in matters concerning the internal security of Switzerland
Functions & Mission of Fedpol
Criminal investigations on behalf of the Office of the Attorney General of Switzerland.
Coordination and support to criminal investigations in cases where the cantons have principal competence that involve more than two cantons and/or foreign countries.
General Purpose
Security duties such as the protection of persons and sites considered to be at risk
Administrative tasks such as managing the Money Laundering Reporting Office Switzerland , the Coordination Unit against the Trafficking of Persons and Smuggling of Migrants, the Coordination Unit for Cyber crime Control and the Central Office for Explosives and Pyrotechnics / Arms
4 Levels of Fedpol
Main Division Federal Police

Responsible for conducting investigations against transnational organized crime, including financial crime, terrorism, criminal activities involving explosives,illegal intelligence gathering , etc
Main Division Services
performing a cross-sectional function and providing services to clients in Switzerland and abroad (DNA/AFIS-Services, Identity Documents, National Police Information Systems etc.)
Main Division Federal Security Service
responsible for the protection of federal officials and people and buildings affording protection under international law
as well as in charge of the structural, technical and organizational security strategy for federal civilian buildings in Switzerland
Main Division International Police Cooperation
in charge of the operational and strategic development of the bilateral and multilateral police cooperation, including the cooperation with the European Union and the Schengen-area in the field of law enforcement.
it functions as Single Point of Contact for bilateral, Interpol, Europol-, and Schengen-related correspondence and manages the Swiss police attacks abroad as well as the foreign police attacks in Switzerland
Cantonal Corps.
Cantonal Corps Functions & Mission
The responsibility for law and order basically lies with the cantons, where the police have also the function of judicial police and of coordination body in the event of major disasters. The cantons also mainly determine the structure of their police forces.
There are 26 different Cantons in Switzerland

Structure and Organization
The Swiss federal structure is reflected in a number of cantonal police services which are organized in different ways

The German-speaking cantons distinguish generally between criminal, security and traffic police, the security police having the more general function of maintaining law and order and the criminal police having the more specific task of investigation of crimes
The French-speaking cantons as well as the canton Ticino distinguish generally between the “gendarmerie“ and “police de sûreté“, with the latter being the equivalent to the criminal police, and the “gendarmerie” corresponds to the security police in the German-speaking cantons but also act as traffic police
Communal Police Corps.
Communal police corps became established in cantons that are territorially subdivided or whose communes traditionally have a high level of autonomy, such as Zurich and Lausanne among others.
The competence of whether a communal police is established and what are its responsibilities lies with the canton
Education/Training

Organized at Cantonal levels
Five Different Schools
Swiss Police Institute
The Intercantonal Police Academy
Police- School Eastern Switzerland
Police Academy Savatan
The Association of the Swiss Police Officers

The Swiss Police Institute

private foundation located in Neuchâtel
supported by the Swiss federation, cantons and municipalities.
It offers mostly specialized and advanced training, training material and conducts research
The Intercantonal Police Academy
in Hitzkirch offers basic as well as advanced training and provides together with the Swiss Police Institute advice to the various Swiss police corps on further training opportunities.
Its aim is the standardization of the education in po-lice matters as well as the integration of the police training in the general Swiss education system.
The Police- School Eastern Switzerland
in Amriswil offers a comprehensive basic training for future police officers of six cantons, two cities and of Liechtenstein.
The Police Academy Savatan
offers basic training for future police officers as well as ad-vanced and specialized training for police
The Association of the Swiss Police Officers
in Lucerne offers the possibility to attend specific diploma courses for the higher education concerning criminology or international criminal law e.g.
Education and Training
Staff Data
The Swiss Police Forces comprise about 23,000 members. This includes federal, cantonal communal police forces as well as the Swiss Border Guards
Salary
$47,880
References
http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/discontent-growing-in-police-ranks/3590040
http://polis.osce.org/countries/f/72/195/Organization%20Chart.pdf
http://polis.osce.org/countries/detailm_id=72s?ite
Contact Info.

Te'Cara Harrison
email: Teharris@utica.edu
Full transcript