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Jessica Mendoza

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Transcript of I12

Intermediate 12
To Buy or Not to Buy
What's your shopping culture?
The Impact of Art
What do you see? What does it say to you?
Photojournalist job description
Photograph people, landscapes, merchandise, or other subjects, using digital or film cameras and equipment. May develop negatives or use computer software to produce finished images and prints. Includes scientific photographers, aerial photographers, and photojournalists.
Our Changing World
1st. Day
1st. RD
2nd. RD
Unit 10: Shopping (Money Saving Tips)
Unit 11: Art (Artists)
Unit 12: Environment (Green Living &
Global Warming)
You will work in pairs to create a presentation based on a famous brand or work of classic art. Presentations should include some of the new words and grammar seen in the course. Besides, they must include visuals that
illustrate them.
Tells his/her story
in minutes
Retells the story in minute
the story in
Vocabulary Builder
ize/(ise) = to make something or someone do what the noun or adjective indicates.
upscale: relating to or appealing to people who have a lot of money
Ex: upscale supermarket
upscale restaurants
upscale neighborhoods
the Vice-president
the Prime minister
the Pope
If you get hungry at Icpna
you can go to:
the cafeteria
the vending machines
I went to a party last weekend.
The party was boring.
I ate a piece of cake. You can't imagine
how delicious the cake was.
These are the most
useful examples ever.
The Titicaca lake is the
highest in the world
In general, the definite article is used before singular or plural nouns that have been identified or specified in some way by previous reference or uniqueness.
Phrases to compare
In these two pictures, one thing that is similar is that...
In both of these pictures, the...
One thing that these pictures have in common is the..
Phrases to contrast
What's different in the other photo is that...
On the other hand, in the second photo, the...
In contrast, in the second photo...
Hidden stories
Is there a place in your city or neighborhood
that holds special memories for you, such as
a place where you played as a child or hung out with friends?
Get ready to read
Tales of Toronto
An innovative project uses cellphones to tell the hidden stories of the city.
Cover Letter Template


Dear [insert name of hiring manager],


First paragraph: Mention the job you’re applying for and where you found the job listing.

Middle paragraphs: Discuss your qualifications. These paragraphs should be specifically tailored to requirements posted in the job listing. You might also consider including why this specific company interested you in the first place. Limit this section to two to three paragraphs.

Final paragraph: Discuss the next steps. If you are going to follow up in one to two weeks, mention a specific date. If you would prefer to leave the ball in their court, say that you look forward to discussing your qualifications further. Also provide your email address and phone number. Don’t forget to thank them for their time.



[insert your name]
A: Why do you think some people like to wear clothing with the logo or designer's name visible?
B: I guess those people think that they get some
by it.
Complete these sentences.
1. Joe bought a new car. People said that it cost __________________________________ $1 000 000 000.

2. She didn't like her meal at the restaurant. She started a _____________ because of it.

3. His shirt was a _____________ of Armani.

4. "That purse is way too __________." Be careful when you walk on the streets.

5. She's got ____________. Her way to dress is simple but elegant.
somewhere in the neighborhood of
Complete these sentences.
6. The fashion show was a success. Customers ________________ all merchandise in less than a day.

7. Purple and shadows of it are _________________ this year. It is one of my favorite colors.

8. She loves unique jewelry. That is why, the jewel maker ______________ her necklace.

9. The party was __________________. The guest were happy and satisfied with the food, music and laser light show.

snatched up
in vogue
Vocabulary Focus
is to make something equal.
How often do you go shopping? What do you buy mostly?
I think ______ and ______ popular places in _____.
From my view point, the way people shop has changed over the past few years. For example, people buy vegetables and fruit more in supermarkets than in open markets.
A: Would you ever use a service like
Groceries to Go
B: Yes, I would. I think it is pretty convenient to get your groceries at home. I save time, energy and gasoline money. However, the only problem would be to get rotten or spoiled veggies. Would you use such service?
A: I am not sure. I kind of like to see the freshness and quality of the produce. Also, what would I do if I want to return or change something for a reason?
A: What do you think every teenager should have
credit card?
B: No every teenager should have a credit card because not all teens are responsible with using credit cards. As
father, I would not like to pay several hundred of soles for
unreasonable purchase.
Think of your wardrobe, what piece of clothing do you have most in your closet?
Where could you buy a T-shirt? Which place would you be most likely to shop? Why?
Describing a picture.
This was probably taken ...
What I notice is ...
One thing that strikes me is ...
He / She / It must be ...
It seems to be ...
This picture was probably taken
in La Punta, Callao.
What I notice is

the sunset and the quietness on the ocean.
One thing that strikes me
is the sun setting close to the gazebo. I love sunsets.
What do you think of this picture?
Let's talk about pictures one and two.
One thing that is similar
is that people are shopping.
In both of these pictures
the people are shopping in a cheap place.
What's different in photo two
is that the couple are shopping for clothing.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of shopping at a supermarket / convenience store / department store / mall?
What's it?
Where does it come from?
1. There is a constant __________________ of traffic on the highway.
2. The gate is made of __________________.
3. There are some ___________ stone monoliths in Easter Island.
4. Finally, we presented our project which was _______________ work.
5. Shakira ___________ children in Colombia.
6. Different shades of blue ___________________ that you are either in a calm sea or stormy night.
7. The dollar-sole exchange rate ___________ during a year.

ebb and flow
create the impression
A: What do you think of someone sponsoring Javier's art?
B: I think there are positive things, but also negative things to it. As to the positive, first Javier gets rewarded for his job. Also, since different people ask him to come their communities he gets to travel a lot and meet people. On the other hand, a negative point is that he does not get insurance or any other benefit for his job. Another problem might be to travel on unsafe roads.
Observe the words on Vocabulary Builder. What do the prefixes "dis" and "un" mean?
What does
It means to make
Use your dictionary and find out the meanings of the others words
Where can you see pieces of art? Do you know any art gallery?
Observe these sentences. How are they different.
A vase of flowers stood on the table.
There is a painting on each side of the sculpture.
Adverbials of place
There is
Negative adverbs of frequency
I've never seen such careless work.

Never have I seen such careless work.
I've rarely gone to an art gallery.

Rarely have I gone to an art gallery.
Use Fronting to give emphasis.
is when you move part of a sentence to the beginning of the sentence.


happens sometimes. It is changing the position of the subject and the verb.
The subject and verb
do not normally
change position when:
the verb is transitive (i.e. it takes an object).
when the subject is a pronoun (he, she, it, they etc.).
when a transitive verb is followed by an adverb of manner (slowly, happily etc.)
with verbs other than those of place and movement.
with continuous tenses.

Look at sentence 5 and 6 in part A. Is there inversion? Explain to your partner.
Cleff sentences with Wh-words.

Use them with need, want, like, hate.
She wants to go to Europe.
she wants
to travel to Europe.
Where would you find those sentences?
What are some public facilities in Lima?

How often do you visit them? Which do you enjoy the most?
Talk with your partner.
Why is it important to have a zoo / museum in a city?
What supporting argument is good for (Name)'s opinion?
What expressions can you use to express an argument and a counterargument?
Challenging an argument
That's inaccurate.
That's no logical.
I find that hard to believe.
That doesn't make sense.
Introducing a counterargument
In fact, ...
It hardly seems likely that ... because ...
In reality
The truth of the matter is ...
Funds are only available to build up either a zoo or a museum. What do you support?
A: I think having a zoo in the city will benefit the citizens. Children will have the opportunity to learn about animals.
In fact,
children can learn about animals from books and videos.
In reality
, children learn by interacting with real things. The learning experience is improved by being able to see animals movement, sizes and even eating.
Curfews keep teens out of trouble

Curfews keep teen out of trouble. When teens are outside till late at night they tend to get drunk. Then, next day, they have no energy. Even more, getting drunk opens the possibility to get into fights.
Curfews don't keep us out of trouble. I can get drunk if I want at home. As to fights, I am a pacifist. I don't even know how to fight.
Look at this title and subtitle. Ask your partner. What do you think the reading is about? What is a tale? Do you know any tale? Where is Toronto?
The cool water stream ran its course from the top of the mountain.
What does ITS refer to?
ITS refers to "The cool water."
Leonardo Da Vinci was Italian. He painted La Monalisa.
Which documents require formal writing?
Job requirements:
Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.

Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate's degree. Some may require a bachelor's degree.

Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers.
What do these images have in common?
When someone talks about "the future," what images and ideas come to mind?
Talk with you partner. Ask these questions,
1. What will our work lives be like in the future?

2. What trends in education do you think will be common in the future?

3. What will the family of the future be like?

4. What will some of the key developments in health and medicine be?
1. What other things
can plummet?

2. What other things
Look at the picture. What's it? Where is it? Who made it?
Rapa Nui
Future Forms
Are we up to the challenge?
Ask your partner.
In your opinion, what are some of the most serious challenges facing the world today?
: "the existence of many different kinds of plants and animals in an environment."
"the place or type of place where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives or grows."
the relationships between a group of living things and their environment.

Acid rain
is very harmful to the environment.
2. This area
was affected
by the flood.
3. The Earth's
is a thin layer of gases that surrounds the Earth.
4. All our products are
Carbon monoxide
is emitted by cars.
6. Old washing machines have been
near the beach.
windows help to lower your heating costs.
What remedial actions can we take to reduce the scarcity of water?
Read these sentences and tell your partner what the person is trying to say.
A: It's cold in this classroom. Are the windows opened?

B: Water is running. I think the faucet is on.

C: Your shoes are made of skin animal. Do you know that people are killing lots of animals to make shoes?

Match the words with its definition.



on the verge of devastating

world storm


tear loose

evolutionary crash

close to destroy
making something/someone disable
world conflict
free itself / himself
ropes, cables
sudden negative change
What kind of houses, education, transportation and communication will people have fifty years from now?

You can talk about

Do you agree or disagree with your partner's opinion?
September 10, 2012

Sally Jenkins
ABC Company
123 Main St.
Auburn, ME 04211

Dear Ms. Jenkins,

I am writing to inquire about possible openings at ABC Company for a research assistant. I am interested in a senior level position offering the opportunity for travel and advanced research assignments.

As a professional administrative assistant with excellent research skills, I am eager to contribute my abilities and experience to ABC Company. Given my extensive training and background, I believe I can help ABC Company meet its goal of providing only the most accurate and timely information to its clients.

Please find enclosed my resume and a list of my references. Feel free to call me at 207.555.0145, to arrange a time to meet. I look forward to hearing from you.


John Doe
John Doe
200 West First St.
Auburn, ME 04211
Phone: 207.555.0145
Email: jdoe@email.com
Have you ever bought any of those brands?
Student B, you are a parent. Student A, you are a teenager.
Definite /Indefinite Article Practice
1.Robert and Jessica went to _____ party last night.
2.Can you tell me how to get to _____ cinema from here?
3.______ college is closed today.
4.Gregory is one of _____ strangest people I know.
5.I recommend you try _____ tomato soup at this restaurant.
6._____beer is not good for you.
7.Would you like to see ____ film?
8.____ apple a day keeps _____ doctor away.
9.I can't believe I failed _____ yesterday's test!
10.Do you have ____ dictionary that I can borrow?
In pairs,
the now and then of the neighborhood you live in. You should refer to how your neighborhood was
ten years ago
, and how it is
. You should use
to compare and contrast and the
in unit 10.
What things do you carry with you in your backpack? Or what are things you collect back home?
Now, imagine you need money and need to sell them.
Write a description to be posted online.
This is a Cambodian money purse that I've carried with me since my Cambodian roommate gave it to me on my first day at law school. It was my birthday, but nobody remembered. I was kind of depressed because of it. Suddenly, Tep texted me asking me to meet her at the school cafeteria. When I arrived, Tep and two other friends were waiting with a cupcake and a lit candle on it. They sang Happy Birthday to me and Tep gave me this purse. I was very touched.
What does the future hold for humanity?
Indigo Gallery
260 El Bosque Av., San Isidro
The garage was on the right of the house.

A large white cat sat in the middle of the bed.

The robbers ran out of the bank.

They rushed into the street.

An old man sat quietly in the corner.

I've never seen such careless work.

My mother had planted geraniums around the sides of the lawn.

On the right of the house
was the garage.
Around the sides of the lawn
my mother had planted geraniums.
In the middle of the bed
sat a large white cat.
Out of the bank
ran the robbers.
Into the street
they rushed.
In the corner
, an old man sat quietly.
have I seen such careless work.
Discuss any of the topics. Use the arguments and counterarguments expressions.
Should education be virtual or on-site?
Should MyELT be worth one point or two points?
Should students take exams or not?
What does this expression mean?
What sites would you put on an
audio tour of Lima? Why?
Watch this video. Take notes.
1. What are the artists' names?
2. What kind of art is presented?
3. Which one is your favorite? Why?

1. Have you ever attended an artwork exhibition? If you did so, what was it about? Did you like it? Why? Why not?

2. Do you think artwork can convey meaning or feelings to people? Explain
Talk with your partner.
: an image that emphasizes formal elements (line, shape, etc.) rather than specific, recognizable objects.

the part of a picture that is behind the main people or things in it.

: the arrangement or structure of the formal elements that make up an image.

: concerned with communicating emotion.

: the front part of a picture.


: simple rectilinear or curvilinear shapes found in geometry, such as circles, squares, triangles, etc.

: reason(s) why the artist made a work of art.

: an image that portrays the natural environment.

: a point of view free from personal bias, which attempts to consider all available information with equal regard and fairness.

organic shape
: shapes based on natural objects such as trees, mountains, leaves, etc.

: a painting or drawing of someone, especially of their face only.

: an image which shows recognizable objects.

: an area of darkness that is created when something blocks light

: the main object or person(s) in a painting.

: a unifying or dominant idea in one work of art or in a collection of works.
Describing benefits and supporting points and giving support to main points.
1. What is the innovation made of?
2. What is it for?
3. What kind of energy source does it use?

4. What are the benefits? Mention a benefit, and
give an example.

5. In a sentence, why is this innovation beneficial?
Speaking Unit 12
Sadly, crime and insecurity have escalated in our city.
This is a bullet-proof backpack. This great backpack is "built-in panels made of a Kevlar fabric, which is a strong thread that is densely woven to make a soft, lightweight body armor."
This backpack has 2 great benefits. The most important benefit
is that it will protect you and your family from handguns and shotguns due to the Kevlar fabric.
For example
, you child can use it as a shield and cover his head when there is a shooting.
Another benefit
would be that your children's back won't harm because it is light weight.
You might not realize it, but
other backpacks are heavy without books in it. Your children will only carry books' weight while using this innovation.
In brief, this backpack is useful for you and your children because your children will be safer and you, less worried.
Kevlar fabric
Read the information on these innovations. Prepare a short speech as we practiced. Include introduction, body and conclusion.
This 15-minute shampoo treatment begins when you lean your head back into a machine that looks like a sink at the salon. First it maps your scalp, then it shoots streams of warm water and foam shampoo from its 28 nozzles before 24 silicone “fingers” work up a lather. One conditioning mist, scalp massage and light blow-dry later, you’re done.
Clean hair,
no hand

Strap Game

It has a button on each side that you push with your thumb as you hang on; instead of a joystick, you control movement by twisting the handle from side to side. Unlike Angry Birds on your phone, Strap Game will alert you when your stop is approaching.
She disabled the auto correction function in my computer. Now, I'm unable to spot my mistakes.
In the middle of two paintings, there is a sculpture.
There is a sculpture in the middle of two paintings.
On the table
 stood a vase of flowers .
On each side of the sculpture, there is a painting.
When do you
The verb is BE.
Negative adverbs
never, seldom, rarely, scarcely, hardly.
Basketball is even more exciting than volleyball.
Even more exciting is basketball than volleyball.
I never thought about the consequences.
Never did I think about the consequences.
Qs. form
Washing machine
Virtual Girlfriend
The Sky Car
What do you think these inventions do?
Full transcript