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Basic Management Theory

Basic Management Theory

Mark Thomson

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of Basic Management Theory

It is achieved through
the efforts of other people
(i.e. staff: individuals and groups) It is directed towards
attaining goals
and objectives Management uses systems and
procedures to get things done
(i.e. rules and regulations) Management
and Leadership Not all managers
are natural, or even
good leaders And you don't necessarily have to be a manager to be a leader Styles of leadership
in management
Autocratic and Democratic Autocratic or
Authoritarian Style Democratic Style "Management is
about making
things happen" Management takes place
within a structured,
organised setting These are not necessarily the same thing * All power is with the manager, and he/she makes all the decisions

* This manager motivates staff through rewards and punishments * Focus of power and decision making is within a group of colleagues of which the manager is a member
* Decisions are discussed and made together Basic Management
Theory This fits in with McGregor's
Theory X and Theory Y
methods of motivation Douglas Mc Gregor
1906-1964 Theory X *The manager assumes that employees are lazy
and that they don't like work
*People need to be directed and controlled
*Motivation is at the financial level A school of management thought
that places emphasis on efficiency and productivity Scientific Management *Jobs can be studied systematically and designed appropriately to ensure maximum efficiency and use of employees' time
* Employees are motivated through financial means such as payment of bonuses, i.e. for piece rates (encourages greater effort)
* Supervisors ensure compliance
* Associated with industrial production Associated with
F.W. Taylor *Inspired by German Sociologist Max Weber
*Hierarchy of authority/chain of command
*Rules and regulations
*Division of labour - everyone has their specific job role
*Characterised by administration and paperwork Classical Bureaucracy *This assumes that employees
enjoy work, and that they are creative and can take responsibility
*Motivation is at a higher level, i.e. the nature of the work, challenging tasks and group relationships Theory Y *A development of Scientific Management associated with Henry Ford, and based on the assembly line
*The production line sets the pace of the work
*Tasks are broken down into a multitude of smaller tasks, ech performed by one person
*Motivation is financial and strict rules are enforced And Fordism Henry Ford 1863-1947 Scientific Management in
today's organisations However, this approach is not
always appropriate A series of studies led by psychologist
Elton Mayo established
the Human Relations approach 1880-1949 This placed the importance in group
interaction and decision making, and
is rooted in the theories of
Sociologist Emile Durkheim Emile Durkhiem
1857-1917 Human Relations Theory stresses
the importance of employee welfare and motivation is at a higher level than financial reward Google is an organisation that practices the Human Relations approach Thank you Human Relations Theory conforms to McGregor's Theory Y approach to management The Hawthorne Experiments 1924-32 Theoretical Approaches to Management He believed in "One best way" of job design The Human Relations Approach ?
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