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Community

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by

Theodora Kunkel

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Community

Community

History of Ag
Story - Understanding Land Use through Observation
My Story
Annapolis Valley
Young Farmers
Food Security
Pre-Farms
What Is

Land Use and Policy
Agricultural Land Reserve preserves farmland in
urban areas

Local land use policies also play vital role
Regional Growth Strategies
Regional Food System Policies
Municipal Agriculture Plans and Bylaws
#yoloswag
How the ALR shapes communities
Shaping rural areas and
protecting farm dependent
communities

Bill 24
How the ALR shapes communities
Metro Vancouver and urban areas

Land use and sustainable planning
How it has shaped social interactions
What is Food Security?

The ongoing availability of food in a community.
Ability of residents to access nutritional, culturally appropriate food.
Can only occur when food systems are sustainable.
Food Security in a global market
Globally produced food is non-sustainable
Threatened by natural disasters, shipping disruption, fuel shortage, economic instability, ect.
Drawbacks to Global Food Systems
Lack of food security
Creation of food deserts
Land damage through unsustainable agriculture
Pollution due to shipping world-wide
Local Food Movements
Farmers Markets
CSA's
Good Food Boxes
Community Affects on Food Securtity
Increased awareness of issues faced by the current food system
Increased Interest in local organic foods
Support of local agriculture
O
Before farms there were Hunters and Gatherers
they didn't actually hunt dinosaurs
Sources
Hunters and Gatherers
small family groups of 10-20
large roaming territory
searching for best hunting/gathering ground
family groups belonged in clans of 50-100 adults
strong sense of community within the clans


The ALR has protected farmland, therefore
protecting community events like farmers
markets.

Creates more social use of land through
containment
How it has shaped the way
we look at land

Land is a valuable resource that, in many
instances, is taken for granted.
Family Mealtime
What are your thoughts on this? Did any of you eat with your family on a frequent basis? Do you think it affected you in any way?
Reciprocity
The exchange of food within families and communities
Strengthens relationships
Increases social interaction
Encourages further exchanges of food and non-food items
Food Sovereignty &
Food Charters
My Story:
Growing up in the Peace Country
INTRODUCTION
My Story
Apple Orchard
Dairy Farm
The Connection between Farmers and Community
Obstacles
Opportunities
What is a Food Charter?
Statement of values and principles to guide a community’s food policy. People from a broad spectrum of community interests and organizations typically meet and discuss their concerns and desires around food and agriculture policy in order to come up with a common vision and set of principles. These form the basis of their own unique, local, community food charter.
Some Canadian examples: Kaslo, British Columbia; Saskatoon, Saskatchewan; Sudbury, Ontario.

z
Theo Kunkel: History of Agriculture
Rebecca DeLorey: Food & Family
Allison Hayley: Young Farmers
Lyndsey Lewis: Food Security
Danielle Patterson: Food Sovereignty & Food Charters
Beaulieu, M. (2014). Demographic Changes in Canadian Agriculture. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. [ProQuest ebrary. Web. 3 November 2014.]
Food Secure Canada. (2014). What is food sovereignty? Montreal, Quebec. Retrieved from http://foodsecurecanada.org/who-we-are/what-food-sovereignty.
 Holt-Giménez, Eric. (2011). Food security, food justice, or food sovereignty?: Crisis, food movements, and regime change. In Alkon, Alison Hope, & Julian Agyeman (eds), Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability (309-330). Cambridge: MIT Press.
MacRae, R., & Donahue, K. (2013). Municipal food policy entrepreneurs: A preliminary analysis of how Canadian cities and regional districts are involved in food system change. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Agri-Food Policy Institute. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com
Provincial Health Services Authority. (2008). A seat at the table: Resource guide for local governments to promote food secure communities. Victoria, British Columbia. Retrieved from http://www.llbc.leg.bc.ca/public/ pubdocs/bcdocs/ 441047/ phsareportaseatatthetable4.pdf
The Tyee. (2014). Priced Out, Farmland Edition. Retrieved from http://thetyee.ca/News/2014/07/09/Priced-Out-Farmland-Edition
Musick, K., Meier, A. (2012). Assessing Causality and Persistance in Associations Between Family Dinners and Adolescent Well-Being. Journal of Marriage an Family, 74, 476-493. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-3737.2012.00973.x

Class Activity

10 Min Break
Pair up & share your stories
http://blip.tv/cooking-up-a-story/raj-patel-food-sovereignty-3248773

Internships, Mentorships, and Networks
- CYFF, FarmStart, SmartFarmBC, Beyond the Market, CRAFT (97% want to farm, 36% do - 70% on 1-5 acres)
Government and Farm Organization Programs
- co-create policy, remove trade barriers, promote local, tax imports, educate and train, climate change adaptation
Niche Markets
- Local, organic, sustainable, ethnic, traditional, urban, value-added
Public Awareness
- support your young farmers!


Access to land
- high cost, large parcels, extra farm assets, school debt, retiring farmers' pensions
Farm transfers
- Capital Gains exemptions restricted to children, not available to siblings, extended family or strangers. Idea of pension fund available to sellers.
Education and Training
- Modern needs: business, marketing, and technology training. More education = higher debts. Lack of information and accessibility of programs currently available.


Sandie's Story
7 Pillars of Food Sovereignty
The focus on food for people:
Puts people’s need for food at the centre of policies and Insists that food is more than just a commodity.

Building Knowledge and Skills:
Builds on traditional knowledge; Uses research to support and pass this knowledge to future generations; Rejects technologies that undermine or contaminate local food systems.
Working with Nature:
Optimizes the contributions of ecosystems and improves resilience.
Valuing Food Providers:
Supports sustainable livelihoods and Respects the work of all food providers.
Localizing Food Systems:
Reduces distance between food providers and consumers; Rejects dumping and inappropriate food aid; and Resists dependency on remote and unaccountable corporations
Putting Control Locally:
Places control in the hands of local food providers; Recognizes the need to inhabit and to share territories; and Rejects the privatization
Acknowledging that Food is Sacred
: Recognizes that food is a gift of life, and not to be squandered; Asserts that food cannot be commodified
Food Secure Canada, 2014
What is Food Sovereignty
?
Food Sovereignty was first championed by agrarian and labour struggles and encompasses such movements
La Via Compesina
, a federation of “peasant-fisher-pastoralists”
Food sovereignty is a grassroots food movement about rights, access, and democracy in local and global food systems and structures.
Challenges current global power structures and the market economy.
Think about food sovereignty as we move on to food charters
What are Food Charters?
Statement of values and principles to guide a community’s food policy. People from a broad spectrum of community interests and organizations typically meet and discuss their concerns and desires around food and agriculture policy in order to come up with a common vision and set of principles. These form the basis of their own unique, local, community food charter.
Common Features of Food Charters
Urban
Some or all of the 7 rinciples of food sovereignty but use the language of food security
They Set Food Priorities, e.g.: local food , food within the watershed/foodshed, organic, traditional, indigenous, food, and the importance of health
Level of support for farmers/local agriculture
Documents that result from
actions
with the goal of leading to more action, such as the development of or support for farmer’s markets, food hubs, community gardens or food education

My Story
Food Charters & Civic Engagement
During the late 1990s and early 2000s, “food charters were created as citizen-based vehicles to engage their public institutions and to develop a common approach for good food practices in their communities”
Citizens, members of the community, come together to define the shape of their local food system.
Tool of Democracy, providing interaction & engagement with local or regional governments.
When a food charter is adopted by government it becomes a public document to guide decision-making; through food charters, citizens are shaping policy that impacts other decisions in areas such as:

land-use planning, urban agriculture, economic development, food retail access, community health, waste management, emergency food distribution

Connecting Food Charters to
Food Sovereignty
If Food charters usually use the language of food security, what is the connection to food sovereignty?
Grassroots – they are about sharing voices and shaping visions and plans at a local level to meet local needs.
Rights to access food, the rights of people, to decide what kinds of food, in what types of food systems.
Environment, health, indigenous foods, & importance of food producers.
Both are based on democratic principles and call on governments to listen, take guidance and shape policy around community food decisions and food values.
Food charters are baby steps in the direction of food sovereignty.
Do we want a more intimate, connected relationship to our local food system and if so, are we willing to take on an active role to get it?

Start with thinking of that initial personal food story or with a connection with food. Then share with your partner: how does that story or memory fit with your idea of community?
Farm Progression
The number of farms is declining but the average acreage is rising.
The number of farmers <40 yrs has declined from 26.5% - 9% between 1991-2011.
In BC more than 60% are 55 yrs or older while only 6.4% are 40 or younger.
Only 5% of BC's land is arable but the population is growing quickly.
"The ultimate result of abandoned properties is the death of the community," Arris, who is also president of the Dunster Community Association, said.
Having local land farmed means it is active and productive and contributing to the community's vitality and viability, not sitting idle.
People want a diversity of local products and they want to know their producers.
Being able to buy and sell locally inspires trust between sellers and buyers and creativity in products.
First Farms
modern Farms
Full transcript