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Cold War Timeline

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Stephen Smith

on 11 May 2010

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Transcript of Cold War Timeline

Korean War The Korean War was a military conflict between the Republic of Korea, supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. The war began on 25 June 1950 and an armistice was signed on 27 July 1953. 1945
Yalta Conference Wartime meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet UnionPresident Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and General Secretary Joseph Stalin, respectivelyfor the purpose of discussing Europe's postwar reorganization. 1945
Atomic Bomb During the final stages of World War II in 1945, the United States conducted two atomic bombings against Japan in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. 1947
Truman Doctrine The Truman Doctrine is the common name for the Cold War strategy of containment versus the Soviet Union and the expansion of communism. 1947
Marshall Plan The primary program, 194751, of the United States for rebuilding and creating a stronger economic foundation for the countries of Western Europe. 1948
Berlin Blockade One of the first major international crises of the Cold War and the first such crisis that resulted in casualties. N.A.T.O
1949 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization French, an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. Korean War
1950 The Korean War was a military conflict between the Republic of Korea, supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. Creation of KGB
1954 It was the national security agency of the Soviet Union from 1954 until 1991, and its premier internal security, intelligence, and secret police organization during that time. C.I.A.
1954 The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian intelligence agency of the United States government responsible for providing national security intelligence to senior United States policymakers. Vietnam War
1955 Cold War military conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from November 1, 1955, to April 30, 1975 when Saigon fell. Warsaw Pact
1955 The informal name for the mutual defense Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance commonly known as the Warsaw Pact subscribed by eight communist states in Eastern Europe, which was established at the USSR’s initiative and realized on 14 May 1955, in Warsaw, Poland. Sputnik Launched
1957 The first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite. It was launched into an elliptical low Earth orbit by the Soviet Union on 4 October 1957, and was the first in a series of satellites collectively known as the Sputnik program. Cuban Missile Crisis
1962 The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between the Soviet Union, Cuba and the United States in October 1962, during the Cold War. In September 1962, the Cuban and Soviet governments began to surreptitiously build bases in Cuba for a number of medium- and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles with the ability to strike most of the continental United States. Berlin Wall
1961 A concrete barrier built by the German Democratic Republic that completely enclosed the city of West Berlin, separating it from East Germany. Gulf of Tonkin Incident
1964 The name given to two separate incidents involving the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin. On August 2, 1964 the US destroyer USS Maddox while performing a DESOTO patrol, was engaged by three North Vietnamese Navy torpedo boats of the 135th Torpedo Squadron. Apollo 11 Lands on the Moon
1969 The Apollo 11 mission landed the first humans on the Moon. Launched on July 16, 1969, the third lunar mission of NASA's Apollo Program was crewed by Commander Neil Alden Armstrong, Command Module Pilot Michael Collins, and Lunar Module Pilot Edwin Eugene Aldrin, Jr. On July 20, Armstrong and Aldrin became the first humans to walk on the Moon, while Collins orbited in the Command Module. SALT 1
1970 The first ever negotiations started in Helsinki, Finland, in 1970. They were held during Apollo 12's flight four months after astronauts from Apollo 11 had returned safely home. Primarily focused on limiting the two countries' stocks of nuclear weapons, the treaties then led to START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty). SALT 2
1972 The primary goal of SALT II was to replace the Interim Agreement with a long-term comprehensive Treaty providing broad limits on strategic offensive weapons systems. Strategic Defense Initiative
1983 The Strategic Defense Initiative was created by U.S. President Ronald Reagan on March 23, 1983 to use ground and space-based systems to protect the United States from attack by strategic nuclear ballistic missiles. Iran Contra Affair
1986 A political scandal in the United States which came to light in November 1986, during the Reagan administration, in which senior U.S. figures, including President Ronald Reagan, agreed to facilitate the sale of arms to Iran, the subject of an arms embargo. Soviet troops withdraw from Afghanistan
1988 Afghanistan and Pakistan, in the Accords of 14 April 1988, signed three instruments-on principles of mutual relations, in particular noninterference and non-intervention, on the voluntary return of Afghan refugees, and on interrelationships for the settlement, which provided for phased withdrawal of foreign troops to begin on 15 May. Germany Reunification
1989 German reunification was the process in which the German Democratic Republic joined the Federal Republic of Germany, and Berlin was united into a single city.
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