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Period of Imitation
Transcript of Period of Imitation
1910 - 1925
Characteristics of Literary works
Heavily imitates American and English models
Rigid and unnatural styles
Lacks vitality and spontaneity
& their works
: Carlos P. Romulo, Jorge C. Bocobo, Mauro Mendez, and Vicente Hilario.
Their essays were truly scholarly characterized by sobriety, substance and structure. They excelled in the serious essay, especially the
Writers of the UP College folio included
(the best editorial writer of this period), Juan F. Salazar, Jose M. Hernandez, Vicente del Fierro, and Francisco M. Africa and Victoriano Yamzon. They pioneered in
A Child of Sorrow
, which was the
(in the Philippines) in English, published in 1921.He learned typing and stenography in English and Spanish all by himself.
A Child of Sorrow, Nadia, For Dreams Must Die and
Paz Marquez Benitez
, which stand out as a model of perfection in character delineation, local color, plot and message.She was a teacher at the University of the Philippines, where she taught short-story writing and became an influential figure to numerous Filipino writers in the English language.
A Night in the Hills
During this period, the Philippines is under the rule of the Americans
Public education was introduced and became accessible to many Filipino children
More schools were established
English was used as a medium of instruction
Ignacio Manlapaz, Godefredo Rivera, Federico Mangahas, Francisco B. Icasiano, Salvador P. Lopez, Jose Lansang and Amando G. Dayrit.
. They spiced their work with humor, wit and satire.
UP College Folio
published the literary compositions of the first Filipino writers in English. They were the pioneers in short story writing.
UP College Folio
was later replaced by the
the first Filipino daily in English was founded
was also put into print
the Philippine Review, the Independent, Rising Philippines and Citizens,
the Philippine Education Magazine
The Manila Tribune
was established in the same year
: The Bureau of Education published Philippine Prose and Poetry which was adopted as a textbook.
the Free Press published the first anthology of Philippine short stories written in English
CARLOS P. ROMULO
A Filipino diplomat, statesman, soldier, journalist and author.
Was a reporter at the age of 16, a newspaper editor by the age of 20, and a publisher at 32.
Being True to Oneself
I Am a Filipino
Francisco B. Icasiano
Not much is written about his life, only that he had six siblings.
His parents names were Francisca Bayan and Bonifacio Icasiano.
From My Nipa Hut (series of essays)
The World in a Train (the most famous essay from ‘From My Nipa Hut)
Fernando Mamuri Maramág
A poet and essayist. He was educated in the Philippine Normal School, and then transferred to the University of the Philippines. He worked as teacher at the Instituto de Manila (later University of Manila). He was also writer and editor at several magazines (Rising Philippines, Citizen, Philippine National Weekly, Philippines Herald, and The Tribune). He also served in the Publication Division of the Department of Justice, and then transferred to the office of the President of the Senate under Manuel L. Quezon.
Poems: “To a Youth,” “The Aetheist,” and “Moonlight on Manila Bay”
His essays were anthologized in Leopoldo Yabes’ Filipino Essays in English 1910-1954 (1954).
GROUP 2 - Phil Lit