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Period of Imitation

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by

Mikee Vallado

on 14 February 2016

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Transcript of Period of Imitation

Period of Imitation
1910 - 1925
Characteristics of Literary works
Heavily imitates American and English models
Rigid and unnatural styles
Lacks vitality and spontaneity

Prominent authors
& their works
Noted essayists
: Carlos P. Romulo, Jorge C. Bocobo, Mauro Mendez, and Vicente Hilario.
Their essays were truly scholarly characterized by sobriety, substance and structure. They excelled in the serious essay, especially the
editorial type
.

Writers of the UP College folio included
Fernando Maramag
(the best editorial writer of this period), Juan F. Salazar, Jose M. Hernandez, Vicente del Fierro, and Francisco M. Africa and Victoriano Yamzon. They pioneered in
English poetry
.

Zoilo Galang
Author of
A Child of Sorrow
, which was the
first novel
(in the Philippines) in English, published in 1921.He learned typing and stenography in English and Spanish all by himself.

Notable works
:
A Child of Sorrow, Nadia, For Dreams Must Die and
Springtime

Paz Marquez Benitez
Author of
Dead Stars
, which stand out as a model of perfection in character delineation, local color, plot and message.She was a teacher at the University of the Philippines, where she taught short-story writing and became an influential figure to numerous Filipino writers in the English language.

Notable works
:
Dead Stars
A Night in the Hills

During this period, the Philippines is under the rule of the Americans
Public education was introduced and became accessible to many Filipino children
More schools were established
English was used as a medium of instruction

Ignacio Manlapaz, Godefredo Rivera, Federico Mangahas, Francisco B. Icasiano, Salvador P. Lopez, Jose Lansang and Amando G. Dayrit.

Introduced the
informal essay
,
criticism
and the
journalistic column
. They spiced their work with humor, wit and satire.

1919
: the
UP College Folio
published the literary compositions of the first Filipino writers in English. They were the pioneers in short story writing.

The
UP College Folio
was later replaced by the
Philippine Collegian
.

1920
: the
Philippine Herald
the first Filipino daily in English was founded

the Bulletin
was also put into print
1924
:
the Philippine Review, the Independent, Rising Philippines and Citizens,
and
the Philippine Education Magazine

The Manila Tribune
was established in the same year
1927
: The Bureau of Education published Philippine Prose and Poetry which was adopted as a textbook.

the Free Press published the first anthology of Philippine short stories written in English

Brief Background
{ }
Significant Events
CARLOS P. ROMULO
A Filipino diplomat, statesman, soldier, journalist and author.
Was a reporter at the age of 16, a newspaper editor by the age of 20, and a publisher at 32.

Notable works
:
Being True to Oneself
I Am a Filipino
Francisco B. Icasiano
Not much is written about his life, only that he had six siblings.
His parents names were Francisca Bayan and Bonifacio Icasiano.

Notable works
:
From My Nipa Hut (series of essays)
The World in a Train (the most famous essay from ‘From My Nipa Hut)

Zoilo Galang

Fernando Mamuri Maramág

A poet and essayist. He was educated in the Philippine Normal School, and then transferred to the University of the Philippines. He worked as teacher at the Instituto de Manila (later University of Manila). He was also writer and editor at several magazines (Rising Philippines, Citizen, Philippine National Weekly, Philippines Herald, and The Tribune). He also served in the Publication Division of the Department of Justice, and then transferred to the office of the President of the Senate under Manuel L. Quezon.

Notable works
:
Poems: “To a Youth,” “The Aetheist,” and “Moonlight on Manila Bay”
His essays were anthologized in Leopoldo Yabes’ Filipino Essays in English 1910-1954 (1954).

References:
http://literatureofthephilippines.snack.ws/period-of-imitation-1910-1924.html
http://www.slideshare.net/ezr001/philippines-and-philippine-literature-in-english
http://sirjacobinphillit.weebly.com/iii-the-american-philippines.html
http://www.panitikan.com.ph/content/fernando-mamuri-maramag

Presented by:
GROUP 2 - Phil Lit
2 ED01
Full transcript