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Copy of Andrew Jackson
Transcript of Copy of Andrew Jackson
Any man worth his salt will stick up for what he believes right, but it takes a slightly better man to acknowledge instantly and without reservation that he is in error."
born on March 15, 1767
in Waxhaw, South Carolina
poor Irish immigrants
One of six presidents
to be born in a log cabin
Jackson joined the Army @ 13 in order in fight in the Revolutionary War
Married Rachel Donelson Jackson
(widow with 11 kids)
Was a justice on the Tennessee Supreme Court
Fought in the War of 1812 (aka) - The Second War for Independence) between the U.S. and Britain
fought in the First Seminole War
American slave owners traveled to Spanish Florida, searching for African Slaves and Seminole Indians who had been trading weapons with the British in the War of 1812
Governor of the Florida Territory
Was a U.S. Senator
Died on June 8, 1845
From consumption, dropsy, tuberculosis, and hemorrhage
a condition characterized by an accumulation of watery fluid in the tissues or in a body cavity
an escape of blood from the blood vessels, especially when excessive.
March 4, 1829
Andrew Jackson is sworn in as the seventh President of the United States.
inaugural speech, Jackson articulates the principle of federal office rotation, ushering in the "spoils system" for loyal supporters of presidential candidates.
He declares that government officials should not be allowed to serve inefficiently for excessive amounts of time, but he will replace only 9 percent of appointed federal officials during his first year in office.
His address is vague on issues like the Second Bank of the United States, internal improvements, and tariffs.
April 13, 1830
After his printing of the South Carolina Exposition and Protest in 1828, Vice President John C. Calhoun suggests that his state of South Carolina annul the federally imposed protective cotton tariff.
Jackson threatens to deploy federal troops to occupy the state in the event of nullification.
On April 13, at the Jefferson Day Dinner in Washington, D.C., Jackson denounces Calhoun and his theory of nullification.
The next month, Jackson will receive confirmation that in 1818, Calhoun supported a measure to discipline Jackson for his military involvement in Florida. This discovery generates a correspondence between the them
May 26, 1830
Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, which forced the relocation of Creek, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Choctaw, and Seminole tribes to land allotments west of the Mississippi river.
Ninety-four removal treaties follow the bill's enactment.
From 1835 to 1838, Cherokee and Creek are forcibly removed from the Southeast onto reservations.
About one quarter die along what became known as the "Trail of Tears."
May 27, 1830
Jackson vetoes the Maysville Road bill, which would have sanctioned the federal government's purchase of stock for the creation of a road entirely within Kentucky.
Jackson regards the project as a local matter and thinks its funding should come from local sources.
Jackson is not entirely opposed to the federal financing of such projects, supporting the allocation of federal monies for the National Road.
His veto of the Maysville Road bill shows a shift in how the federal government intends to pay for internal improvements.
Opponents interpret the move as an abuse of power.
Jackson handles the "Peggy Eaton Affair."
The woman's first husband supposedly committed suicide after discovering her affair with Tennessee senator John Eaton, whom Jackson later names secretary of war.
Members of Jackson's inner circle and their wives feud over accusations about the woman's alleged behavior.
Jackson supports the Eatons and is outraged by the charges.
July 10, 1832
Jackson vetoes a bill that would have extended the life of the Second Bank of the United States.
Henry Clay, Jackson's opponent in the presidential election, proposes the bill to bring the issue of the Bank to the forefront in the election.
Jackson's opposition to the Bank actually brings him additional popular support.
Jackson wins reelection to the presidency, defeating Henry Clay and William Wirt.
Jackson wins an impressive victory with 219 electoral votes to Clay's 49.
The election marks the entrance of third parties onto the national scene, with Wirt running on the Anti-Masonic ticket.
It features the use of national nominating committees.
Jackson issues the Nullification Proclamation, reaffirming his belief that states and municipalities are forbidden from nullifying federal laws.
March 1, 1833
Pressed by Jackson, Congress passes the Force Bill, authorizing Jackson's use of the army to gain compliance for federal law in South Carolina.
March 20, 1833
Jackson appoints Edmund Roberts as a "special agent" of the United States to negotiate commercial trade treaties abroad.
Roberts's efforts result in the first treaties between the United States and some far eastern governments, including Thailand.
March 28, 1834
Jackson issues an order for the Treasury Department to withdrawal federal deposits from the Bank of the United States and places them in state banks.
The Secretary of the Treasury William Duane refuses, Jackson fires him.
Then the Senate, led by Clay, Calhoun and Daniel Webster, passes a resolution of censure admonishing Jackson.
Jackson will continue to take action against the Bank, which closes its doors in 1841.
Jackson announces he will end the national debt, freeing the United States of foreign and domestic obligations beyond the reserves of the Treasury.
March 2, 1836
The delegates of the people of Texas officially and unanimously declare their independence in Washington D.C.
Picked by Jackson to be his successor, Vice President Martin Van Buren wins the presidential election, running against three Whigs.
Van Buren emerged with more votes than his opponents combined.
Jackson recognizes the independence of Texas, but declines to address annexation because of threats by Mexico and its concerns about security.
March 4, 1837
Martin Van Buren is sworn into office as the eighth President of the U.S.
*information from (http://millercenter.org)
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Not Born Here - that's for sure!
Fit for a King?
Who is this man?
Why did he hate Banks?
Was he a great President or overrated?
Begins to Practice Law