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Animals and Society: Entertainment

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Mary Hekker

on 4 April 2013

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Transcript of Animals and Society: Entertainment

Animals in Entertainment Animals and the Circus “Bears, elephants, tigers, and other animals do not voluntarily ride bicycles, stand on their heads, balance on balls, or jump through rings of fire. They don't perform these and other difficult tricks because they want to; they perform them because they're afraid of what will happen if they don't.”
- PETA History of Dog Fighting Animals in the circus are forced to eat, sleep, and defecate in the same trailers, where they can be kept for stretches of more than 24 hours. Often the animals are not let off the railroad cars immediately upon arrival to their destination, either because of traffic conditions or because the train arrived too early or late. In this instance, the animals are forced to wait inside of the railroad cars for hours—even in extreme temperatures. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has cited Ringling numerous times for serious violations of the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) Founded in 1884 Ringling Brothers Circus was forever called "The Greatest Show on Earth!" But is it REALLY?... Tourism and the Great Barrier Reef Fun Facts The Great Barrier Reef is the only living organic collective visible from Earth’s orbit. It is also the world’s largest coral reef ecosystem
It was declared a World Heritage area in 1981.
The area supports one of the largest dugong populations in the world and is an important breeding and feeding ground for whales and dolphins.
Six of the world’s seven species of marine turtles can also be found there. More than 2 million people visit the reef each year generating more than $2 billion AUD.
This makes tourism a major contributor to the North-Eastern Australian economy.
There are approximately 730 tourism operators and 1,500 vessels and aircraft permitted to operate in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. The basis of any trip to the Reef is usually nature-based. Activities include: snorkeling, scuba diving, fishing, excursions in glass-bottom boats and semi-submersible vessels.
However, the main reason most people visit the Reef is to learn about the marine environment.

Although tourism can prove to be entertaining and educational for people of all ages, is it safe for the Reef itself and its ecosystem? Tourism does have a negative impact on the Great Barrier Reef.

Fragile corals can easily be broken by reef walking
Dropped anchors and boats that accidentally leak fuel
Even suntan lotion can have a negative impact on the fragile reef environment; Ingredients in sunscreen cause rapid and complete bleaching of corals Interesting to research/study animals in zoos rather than wildlife
Difficult to study in unnatural conditions
-Out of habitat

How much of the recorded data is accurate when studying animals held captive in zoos? Studies in Behavior However...
Many arguments for/against Zoos

Focus on these four:

“In the 1980’s and early 1990’s zoos described themselves as modern Noah’s Arks and organized cooperative breeding programs to sustain populations of endangered species until they could be reintroduced to nature” (515)

Studies in Behavior

Raise Public Awareness About Endangered Species
Strive To Impact Visitors
“Evidence indicates that zoos and aquariums educational programs are effective” (pg 516)

Even though providing amusement for people is viewed as an important function of zoos, can this possibly justify keeping wild animals in captivity?

People want to be entertained

Keeps us interested

Entertainment = $$$
-But is all that money used to improve animal welfare? (Probably not) Game Reserves Definitions Located all over the world, Game Reserves solve the issue of endangered species
By secluding specific species in natural habits, animals are kept in secured environments for their safety State Involvement Land designated as game reserves are often designated as safe havens
Meaning said locations are strictly off limits to anyone not permitted by the state
Government involvement helps officiate safely policies for specific species. National Landmarks Reserves are often national landmarks due to their notoriety
These landmarks are protected by state involvement due to their economic value Economically, game reserves are major tourist attractions.
The better keep the landmarks are in, the more money made
Often seen as tourist attractions Locations As Game reserves are generally used for the preservation of endangered species, game reserves are often located on the African And Asian continents
Some times referred to as Nature Reserves or Animal Sanctuaries Purpose Defined as “an area of land set aside for the maintenance of wildlife for tourism and/or hunting purposes
Often used to preserve ecosystems from the ever expanding human activity Animal Conservation In sub-saharan Africa, poaching is a primary motive for conservation
Many game reserves operate for the preservation of endangered species who are often the victims of illegal poaching
Rhino, lion, elephant, buffalo and other large game.
Many Game reserves serve animal needs in the displacement and rehabilitation of animals
Often due to the crimes of poaching Really F#%*ed Up Despite the animal conservation and anti-poaching legislation, hunting tours are available
Customers may pay to shoot the esteemed big game such as elephant and lion, despite preservation laws
Said big game hunting charges incredibly high rates involving tens of thousands of dollars for the chance to kill the various game within the designated areas of the park limits
Despite these “valued animals”, people are willing to pay $15,000 for the guaranteed kill of major iconic African Animals Street Fighting Professional Fighting Less structured, informal
Serves as a status symbol
Not as many rules and regulations
"Let's see who's dog is stronger"
Starve and beat dogs
Often associated with gang activities
Little attempt to care for animal Very structured
Many dogs (50+)
Profits through breeding, betting, ect
Long term conditioning and training
Dispose of unsuccessful dogs
Sell human-aggressive dogs to street fighters Types of
Dog Fighting Recently, it's becoming more popular for some wealthier individuals in the sports and entertainment industry to use their finances to promote professional fighting. The Sporting Dog Journal Publishers keep subscribers secret
Only sporting dog insiders can get it
Ads for treadmills and prescription meds
Articles on vet procedures
Features on champions
Scores from matches nation wide Holiday issue, 2010 Training and Schooling Fed special diet with supplements
Performance enhancing drugs
Use training tools like:
Pry bars
Break sticks
Rape stands The Fight 1) Match site chose, money is handed to refs.
2) Dogs washed with a milk and alcohol mixture.
3) Dogs are weighed and enter ring.
4) Due to extensive training, dogs attack each other instinctively Winner gets:
Their life
Medical treament
Chance to fight again
3 consecutive wins- Champion
5 consecutive wins- Grand Champion Loser gets:
Method for executing called "Plugging" Statistics 204 dogfighting cases under investigation in 2007
250,000 dogs were placed in fighting pits
40,000 people were involved
100,000 street fighters Dog Fighting The Lucky Ones Bull Fighting Cruelty or Art? "Cruelty to animals is as if man did not love God...there is something so dreadful, so satanic, in tormenting those who have never harmed us, and who cannot defend themselves, who are utterly in our power."
-Cardinal John Henry Newman Religious Viewpoint Pope Pius V
Pope from 1566 to 1572
He believed that the matadors endangered their souls when they enter the arena of a bullfight.
Condemned bullfighting and other forms of animal fighting for entertainment as "cruel and base spectacles of the devil" whose promoters are subject to excommunication. Countries that participate in bull fighting Cultural Viewpoint Some have argued matadors seek inspiration and art from their work and an emotional connection with the crowd transmitted through the bull.
A symbol of Spanish cultural heritage that shapes the national identity'.
Prime Minister José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero

“As it is understood that bullfighting is an artistic discipline and a cultural product, it was considered that the ministry of culture was the correct place for its development and protection.” Anti Bull Fighting Bullfights have a negative influence on education and prejudice moral learning. Our moral learning plays a role in our relationship with animals. If we learn to mistreat animals then we learn that mistreatment is correct behavior whereas if we learn to respect animals, then we are sensitive to their pain and we understand their needs; in general, it develops our capacity for empathy, compassion, and responsibility. In the long term, this learning converts us into persons with a greater level of moral development.
Emotions (the capacity to feel and suffer) are common in all mammals since they also comprise a common part of the cerebral structures that produce them and the genes that codify them.
They are peaceful animals with a genetic psychology specialized in escape not in attack. Bull Fighting: Cruelty or Art? Ringling Bros. hold 11 tours annually.
Elephants are chained for 26 hrs in some cases even 100 hrs.
Cages for wild cats provide less room to move around.
Sometimes two tigers or lions are placed in one cage which restricts the movement of these animals. Life span of a a wild elephant average 60-70 years.
A circus elephants will live only up to 30-40 years, nearly half of its life taken away.
While in the circus elephants will suffer from chronic health problems: tuberculosis, arthritis, and foot amputations caused from years of being chained. Elephants are trained through the use of an ANKUS — a wooden stick with a sharp, pointed hook at the end to discourage undesired behavior. A handler will always carry an ankus when training an elephant.
Although an elephant’s skin is thick, it is very sensitive—sensitive enough to feel a fly on her back. The ankus is embedded into elephants' most sensitive areas, such as around the feet, behind the ears, under the chin, inside the mouth, and other locations around the face. Sometimes it is used to smash them across the face. Do not support animals in the circus.
There are many options of circus entertainment, wonderful circuses that offer family entertainment using only willing human performers.
Such as "cirque du soleil" Conclusion Ancient Entertainment “Archeological findings in Macedonia that date back to 2,000 B.C. reveal that lions were kept in cages for the benefit of humans”( J. Dragotta, MS Ed.)
Dog fighting, 12th century Japan Types of Animal Entertainment Dog Fighting
Bull Fighting
Circus Entertainment
Dog and Cat Shows
Game Reserves How you can help Report Animal Abuse
Understand your Anti-Cruelty Laws
Educate your neighborhood about Neglect
Don’t go to zoo’s or circus’
Join the movement to help pass strong anti-cruelty laws Discussion Questions Is there a problem with zoos? If yes, what is the solution?
Should we continue to support organizations like the circus, wild life reserves and bull fighting? Why?
What will YOU do about dog/bull fighting?
Taking into consideration both the negative and beneficial aspects of tourism on the Great Barrier Reef, do you think the Australian government should continue to offer so many reef excursions?
Do you think that the educational benefits out way the negative impact tourism may be causing the reef? Why?
What about future generations? Work Cited Great Barrier Reef
Animals in the Circus
Dog Fighting

The Animal Ethics Reader- 2nd edition, edited by Susan J. Armstrong and Richard G. Botzler
The Animal Kingdom Once Under Attack by Civilization

Legitimatized As Havens of Wildlife Protection,
Zoos Are A Ritual of Entertainment

Zoos Erase The Nature Traits of the Wild ZOOS Reef Destruction. A boats anchor caught up on a tropical coral reef. Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia Message and Mission Under the idea of cultivating an appreciation of other forms of life, zoos however present an idea of mastery and control. Why? Zoos and Eyes Zoos Fail to Educate: Expectation of Entertainment, Not Education
Place Cards Go Unnoticed
Animals Are Viewed Quickly Without Much Thought
Audiences Concentrate On The Funny Antics of Animals Zoos Are Inauthentic Because Animal Identity Is Lost. Allow Animals To Come and Go As They Please
-Philip Island Blue Fairy Penguins

Allow animals to remain in their natural habitats
-The Belize Tropical Education Center

“The zoo keeps animals which were orphaned, rescued, born at the zoo, rehabilitated animals, or sent to The Belize Zoo as donations from other zoological institutions.” Alternatives Despite the educational efforts.. not very successful..
There are several practical alternatives to zoos for educational purposes
-Televised networks
-Discovery channel
-Libraries The Powerful Symbol of Domination With Animals We Take Their Private, Discrete Behavior and Make It Public.

Visitors Are Left With a Distorted Idea of Wildlife Behavior and A Sense of Superiority Over Animals. Zoo & Pornography Analogy We Should Permit the Practice Because It Excites and Inspires. It Also Educates Us to Look Out for the Welfare of Those Exposed. Let's play a game How do we really feel about animals for entertainment purposes? Just A Quick Thought. Put yourself in a position in which you would be watched 24/7 for the amusement of others.
Think: Reality TV (Big Brother/Real World), The Harry Truman Show, George Orwell’s 1984 minus the tyrannical totalitarian government. For Your Entertainment During this presentation we will discuss a myriad of different sources of entertainment that include animals.
These topics include: zoos, aquariums, wildlife reserves, the circus, scuba diving, bull riding, and dog fighting. Let Me Ask: Zoos & Aquariums Do we feel that we have a right to contain these animals? To take them from their natural habitats and force them to live inside of man-made walls, only giving them a fraction of the space that they would normally have? Let Me Ask: Circus Is it fair to treat animals as show objects? Is it right to abuse and deny them of their basic instinctual abilities for us to watch them perform ridiculous acts? Let Me Ask: Wildlife Reserves Do you feel that wildlife reserves are a better alternative to zoos? Should we be allowed to have intimate experiences with animals in their own territory? What about boundaries? Let Me Ask: Scuba Diving Should more careful criteria be set in order for people to visit and/or study the reefs and the surrounding wildlife? I Shouldn’t Have To Ask: Bull Riding & Dog Fighting For the animals that have no voice and cannot tell us when they are hurt, why should we ever subject them to harm?
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