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Activity 2.3.1 A Day in the Life of a Diabetic - Type 2 Diabetes

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Angela Li

on 18 March 2016

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Transcript of Activity 2.3.1 A Day in the Life of a Diabetic - Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes Overview
There are too types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2
Type 1: Body does not produce sufficient insulin, or any at all; can be hertary and is normally found in younger generatino of people.
Type 2: Body produces insulin, however the insulin receptors does not work correctly at recognizing the insulin, which causes the glucose to be unable to get into the cell for energy.
General Background Information
In type 2 diabetes, the body produes insulin, however the body does not accept it.
Caused by unhealthy eating habits.
Most prominent in the older generation (people over the age of 40).
Prone to lifestyle decisions.
Much more common case, as opposed to type 1 (occurs 90% if the time)
Recommendations for a Diabetic Diet
Dietary adjustments, aka medical nutrition therapy (MNT)
Front line treatment in controlling blood glucose levels.
Treatment / Management
Management of type 2 diabetes includes:
Healthy eating
Regular exercise
Diabetes medication or insulin therapy.
Using an insulin pump
Blood sugar monitoring
By following the listed steps, you will be able to maintain your blood sugar levels at a normal range which will help delay or prevent complications.
Lifestyle and Exercise Recommendations
Caused mainly by sedentary lifestyles and excess food intake (especially foods high in sugar, salts, and saturated fats).
It is recommended to get sufficient exercise.
Not too little because that wouldn't be much different from a sedentary life, but not too much that blood sugar levels are too low.
Always bring a little sugary snack around in caseood sugar levels drop too low to avoid a diabetic emergency.
Role of Blood Sugar Monitoring and Adjustment
Glucose tolerance testing is used to diagnose diabetes by monitoring the amount of sugar in the plasma over a set time period which gives the doctors information as to how the body utilizes sugar.
Blood Sugar Monitoring is used primarily to determine how much glucsoe is in your blood so that you know what necessary actions to take when the testings result in too high or too low of a glucose level.
Type 2 diabetics should consult their physicians on recommendations for how often glucose testings should be done, as it vaties by one's diet, level of glycated hemoglobin (A1C), and treatment goals.
3 Types of Biomedical Professionals who could be of assistance
Primary care provider (PCP): Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases, such as diabetes.
Ophthalmologist: Specializes in eye diseases, and can detect a diabetic retinopathy during a dilated eye exam.
Endocrinologist: A doctor who specializes in treating diabetes and other diseases of the “endocrine system” — the body's system of glands that produce hormones that control the way the body works.
Nutritionist: Specializes in food and diet, so they can recommend to you food choices best fitting of your condition.
Conclusion Questions
1) How does life with Type 1 diabetes compare to life with Type 2 diabetes? Mention at least three specific comparisons.
In Type 1 diabetes, the patient is normally younger, and is born without insulin. They always have to monitor their glucose levels, have regular checkups to determine their blood sugar levels, and take medication (or get insulin injections). However, a person with Type 2 is normally older, and has insulin to begin with, but because of their lifestyle, it has caused their insulin making mechanism to work improperly. People with type 2 diabetes have to modify their lifestyle to more healthier options that their body would be able to handle. They may also have to take medications and maybe even get insulin injections.
2) When a person is diagnosed with diabetes, what changes would one have to make in lifestyle and diet?
When a person is diagnosed with diabetes, they would need to cut down on certain things in their diet, such as saturated and trans fat, and increase other foods in their diets such as healthy carbohydrates and heart healthy food, and for their lifestyle, they can exercise to help regulate their blood sugar levels, and with regular exercise routines, they can lower many other risks associated with diabetes, such as high blood pressure and heart disease, as well as increase energy level.
3) Describe the importance of checking blood sugar for a diabetic.
The importance of checking blood sugar level for a diabetic is so that diabetics can see their blood sugar levels, whether high, low, or regular, and make sufficient changes to if their levels are too high or too low, in order for their levels to become normal. (This, however, can range from changing their diet, their activity level, or even possibly, insulin injections.)

If you can dream it, you can do it! Don't let diabetes run your life. Act now!
Type 2 Diabetes
By - Angela Li
Avoid sugary drinks, such as fruit juices, as a means of quenching thirst.
Eat foods that contains very little sugar, salts, and saturated fats.
Drink water or sugar free drinks.
Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Eat what a "normal" person should eat, but reduce the portion sizes and fat, sugar, or salt content in your food.
Steps to Processing Glucose
1) The stomach processes the food and changes it into glucose.
2) Glucose enters the bloodstream.
3) The pancreas makes insulin.
4) Insulin enters the bloodstream.
--And with type 2 diabetes, your insulin doesn't work properly so--
5) Glucose can't get into the cells of the body, which cause a build up of glucose in the blood vessel.
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