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Transcript of Heaven's gate
Daniel Morales, Audrey Luguterah, Pavly Hanna, Geoffrey De Freitas
Heaven's gate is a doomsday cult
Beliefs centered on Christianity and extraterrestrial forces
Created by Marshall Applewhite and Bonnie Nettles
"Heaven's Gate:Â Christian / UFO Believers." HEAVEN'S GATE. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/dc_highe.htm>.
"Marshall Herff Applewhite." The Biography Channel website. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/marshall-herff-applewhite-236006>.
NationalGeographic. "UFO-Cult Suicide." YouTube. YouTube, 25 Sept. 2008. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nh35j2S68DQ>.
No Ancient Writing-
Marshall Herff Applewhite believed he was the spirit of Jesus Christ inhabiting a human body.
Leader is generally living, believes that he is the Messiah-
All beliefs are new & often change-
He combined Christianity with the beliefs of extraterrestrial forces.
They looked upon themselves as monks and nuns; they rented a home they called their monastery. Most members had little contact with their families of origin or with their neighbors.
Worshippers are fanatical & withdraw from mainstream society-
Herff requested funding for the rented “monastery.”
Often involves TOTAL financial commitment from worshippers-
Marshall Applewhite showed signs of mental instability
Applewhite had one or more affairs with male students in the past.
Commonly uses members for physical gratification-
Makes use of conditioning techniques-
Makes people believe that UFO’s will come visit and take their souls away to the “next level” via UFOs.
Beliefs center on the will of the leader who is usually certifiably insane-
"Marshall Herff Applewhite." Religionandallthefools. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec 2012.
They believed that about 2000 years ago, a group of extra-terrestrials came to earth from the Kingdom of Heaven (the "Next Level").
Marshall Herff Applewhite was born May 17th 1931 and died in the March of 1997 he was 65 years old.
(Not-so) FUN FACTS
The group believed in several paths for a person to leave the Earth and survive before the "recycling", one of which was hating this world strongly enough: "It is also possible that part of our test of faith is our hating this world, even our flesh body, to the extent to be willing to leave it without any proof of the Next Level's existence".
Marshall Applewhite was homosexual and it was against his religion and that is why he wasn’t open about it.
It began when he was arrested and jailed for six months where he further developed his theology.
He was a self-proclaimed prophet and he thought that he and Bonnie Nettles were “the Two” mentioned in the book of Revelations.
They told their followers that they would be visited by aliens that would provide them with new bodies. He told his followers they would ascend into a spaceship.
They thought that the spaceship would transport there spirits to another planet. The followers believed that their souls would ascend to the spaceship; they all committed suicide.
On March 26, 1997 39 members of Heaven's Gate cult had committed suicide, believing their souls, would be transported to a spaceship following the Hale-Bopp comet.
At the peak the group had 200 followers.
The group moved indoors renting houses in Texas including Dallas.
The members of Heaven's Gate believed that the planet was about to be wiped clean and that the only way out is to leave it soon. Although the group was against suicide they turned it into their own context to mean "turn against the Next Level when it is being offered."
Nettles died in 1985 due to cancer, before Applewhite formed the group.
Heaven’s gate was the third organization found by Applewhite and Bonnie Nettles. After Nettles died of cancer in 1975, Applewhite organized a new group called Total Overcomers Anonymous or “TOA” in 1993 and soon renamed it to Heaven’s Gate. They placed an advertisement on USA Today claiming that the world was about to be recycled.
•They committed suicide in a 3 day span.
•They committed the suicides from March 24 to march 26th.
•They committed suicide because they believed a spaceship was following the hale-bopp comet.
•They wore armbands saying Heavens Gates away team along with identical clothing.
•Among the dead was Thomas Nichols, brother of the actress Nichelle Nichols, who is best known for her role as Uhura in the original Star Trek television series.
•Marshall made a video before the suicide saying that it was there only way out.
Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.deathreference.com/Gi-Ho/Heaven-s-Gate.html>.
Applewhite and Nettles believed that evil space aliens called Luciferians had kept people tied to the human level, and therefore incapable of moving to the Next Level.
Seclusion from society. Deprivation of relationships.
Zennie, Michael. "New Age Followers Still Waiting for Aliens to Beam Them up 15 Years after Heaven's Gate Cult Suicides Left 39 People Dead." Daily Mail UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2012.
What is the name of the leader?
And give one fact about him
A: Marshall Herff Applewhite
What year was the cult formed?
Name one of the methods of suicide
A: Drinking applesauce or pudding laced with Phenobarbital with vodka and fastened plastic bags around their heads
How many people in total were killed in
the mass suicide?
A: 39 members ( 20 women and 19 men)