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Ford and Carter History Lesson 4 Carter's Foreign Policy
Transcript of Ford and Carter History Lesson 4 Carter's Foreign Policy
1977-1981 President Carter's Foreign Policy Standards and Objectives Camp David Accords U.S. and Soviet Relations Iran Hostage Crisis
(What Happened) Iran Hostage Crisis
(Causes) Iran Hostage Crisis
(Impact on the Future) Ticket out of the Door 8.3.12.A: Evaluate the role groups and individuals from the U.S. played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the world.
8.3.12.B: Evaluate the impact of historical documents, artifacts, and places in U.S. history which are critical to world history
8.3.12.D: Evaluate how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations in the U.S. have influenced the growth and development of the world.
What we will learn:
- What the Camp David Accords were
- What happened that escalated tensions between the U.S. and Soviets
- What the Iran Hostage Crisis was
- *Watch video clip>> - Carter was committed to finding ethical solutions in the Middle East
- 1977: Egypt's President Anwar el-Sadat met with Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin to seek a compromise to end fighting in the region
- Carter invited them to Camp David, the presidential retreat in the Maryland
- At the camp, Carter assumed the role of peacemaker
- A framework for peace was created; The Camp David Accords
- Israel withdrew from the Sinai peninsula
- Egypt became the first country to recognize Israel's existence as a nation - Detente was at a high point when Carter took office, however it began to decline as his presidency continued
- Carter was a huge supporter of human rights, which angered the Soviets
- The Soviets were especially annoyed when Carter spoke in favor of Soviet dissidents:
-Soviet writers and activists who criticized the Government
- Carter believed the right to free speech was essential and was outspoken in defending them
- Caused friction between the two countries - For years the U.S. had supported the shah (or King) of Iran, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi
- was a reliable supplier of oil and pro-Western force in the region
- For these reasons, Americans overlooked his corrupt government
- 1979: A revolution broke out in Iran
- Muslim fundamentalists overthrew the shah and replaced him with a new leader: Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
- Carter allowed the shah into the country for medical help, and outraged Khomeini followers seized the American embassy in Tehran - For 444 days, 52 hostages were imprisoned in different locations
- Prisoners were blindfolded and moved from place to place
- Some were tied up and beaten
- Others faced solitary confinement and faced mock executions intended to terrorize them
- Carter sent in a commando rescue mission which resulted in disaster when helicopters broke down in the desert - Carter's popularity dropped heavily
- Failure in the economy and the hostage crisis dropped his approval rating to 21 percent
- In the 1980 presidential election, Carter's chances for victory were slim
- The Republican candidate, Ronald Reagan, won the 1980 election in a landslide
- After months of secret talks, the hostages were released in 1981, and were returned home after Carter left office 1. What were the names of the leaders involved in the Camp David Accords and where were they from?
2. What did the Soviets do that ended detente between them and the U.S?
3. What was the Iran Hostage Crisis? SALT II and the end of Detente - In spite of these issues, the second round of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks began
- 1979, SALT II:
- This agreement limited the number of nuclear warheads and missiles held by each superpower
-Before the treaty could be ratified, the Soviets invaded Afghanistan
- Carter saw this move as a threat to peace in the region
- Carter removed the treaty from Senate consideration, and boycotted the 1980 Olympic games in Moscow
- Detente was official over *Watch Camp David Accords Clip