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Outliers: Chapter 6.
Transcript of Outliers: Chapter 6.
In this chapter, the author talks about how cultural legacies have a profound affect on how a person reacts to certain situations. He uses the town of Harlan, Kentucky as his first example to support his claim. Cultural legacies are evident in this town and Gladwell uses various sources to make them clear to the reader.
Asian cultures - family pride and legacy are a part of their daily routine, even today.
Europeans - consist of ancient backgrounds rich with arts and literature, therefore, separating their culture to be even more sophisticated than others.
Coat of Arms - represents the family's traditions, cultures, and values through a emblem.
Why were the people living in the Appalachian mountains more easily ticked off and paranoid?
Question # 2
How much of a culture's legacy do you think is inherited by a person from their parents?
Outliers: Chapter 6
How does your background affect how you react to problems?
To describe the experiment in this chapter, two psychologists, Dove Cohen and Richard Nisbett, decided to conduct an experiment on the
culture of honor
. They first picked a small group of young men from different cultures to experiment on. Then, one man says a trigger word to some of the men and then does multiple tests to see if they have gotten more aggravated.
who were told the trigger word were more aggravated than the who have not been told the trigger word or those who were told the word but are not from the south . In the end, he finds out that yes, indeed, the Southerns from small communities do get more aggravated than a person with a different culture.
Learning from this chapter
This chapter can teach us that we have to be careful with what we say to people because some people might react differently to our words. Some people may be more sensitive about what we say than others. We should all respect one another and make our interaction with people amicable.
Is there any bias in this chapter?
No, there is no bias towards any side in this chapter. The author's tone is intellectual towards both sides. Gladwell uses the same amount of evidence for each example and it is neutral evidence. Overall, Gladwell doesn't use any bias in this chapter to strengthen one topic over the other.
"When one family fights with one another its a feud. When lots of families fight with one another in identical little towns up and down the same mountain range, its a
". (Gladwell. 166)
"The triumph of a culture of honor helps to explain why the pattern of criminality in the American South has always been so distinctive". (168)
"Cultural legacies are powerful forces. They have deep roots and long lives. They persist, generation after generation, virtually intact, even as the economic and social demographic conditions that spawned them have vanished." (175)
Question # 4
How can this experiment apply to other cultures?
Why is this chapter the first one in Part 2: Legacy?
Part two of
is discussing how a legacy can pass through many generations. So, chapter six would be the best chapter to start off this section of the book because it shows an experiment that was done to show how a legacy passes through generations. A brief history was given of the problems that occurred in the south due to the
culture of honor.
Then, the book talks about how the experiment was done to a group of young men that came from a family that believed in the idea of culture of honor. When these men were insulted, their honor was being challenged, so they got more angry than those who did not have the same culture. Thus, showing us that they still have the same ideas of their ancestors.
In the town of Harlan, there were (and still are) certain expectations on how a person should react to a situation. When Will Turner is shot, he goes up to his mother and wails in pain. She tells him to be quite and take the pain like a man. This quote supports Gladwell's claim that cultural legacies shape us.
Going off of having no bias in this story... The writer does not have credentials for writing about anger in communities before, so therefore, he has nothing to gain from writing on this subject and he chooses to be neutral. Therefore, the author uses factual evidence as support for his thesis on this topic. Finally, the facts are not slanted or changed to reflect the author’s bias, because he is not trying to strengthen one side over the other.
From this chapter, we have been enlightened upon many new ideas. Furthermore, we've learned about a feud that had taken place in the Appalachian mountains, between two families because of the culture of honor. And generations later, we can still evidently observe signs of this culture in people today. Therefore, this is why we need to be friendly with everyone to avoid any conflict with others.
Is it ethnically wrong for a person to stray from their family's cultural values and if so why?
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