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Transcript of Lauraceae
Domain - Eukarya
Kingdom - Plantae
Phylum - Anthophyta
Class - Magnoliopsida
Order - Laurales
Family - Lauraceae
Bay Laurel Fun Facts
Bay Laurels can be found on the face side of the One Dollar bill.
Cinnamon Fun Facts
Cinnamon is one of the oldest spices known. It is even mentioned in the Bible.
Timeline of Laureae
Life of the Perseeae
Avocados can be used for a variety of different things
Health and Medicinal
Cinnamon is good for more than just spicing up your apple cider!
Health and Medicinal
Home and Beauty
Those Bay Laurel leaves you take for granted do a lot more than you might think
Heath, Medicinal, & Beauty
The Laurel Family
Rebeka Frome &
History of Bay Laurel
Most of us are familiar with many foods in which avocados are used.
Guacamole (Originated in South America, now used all over the world)
Salads (All over the world)
Oil (All over the world)
There are also some that are less familiar
Mixed with black coffee
Sweetened and eaten as a desert(Hawaii)
Pickled (Originally in California)
There have been several uses for avocado as a medical remedy throughout history
The skin is an antibiotic; can be a remedy for dysentery (inflammatory disorder of the intestine)
Chewed seeds can help pyorrhea (inflammation of the gums and tooth sockets)
The powdered seed is believed to cure dandruff
There are some pretty interesting uses for avocado in the beauty industry
An ointment made of the pulverized seed is rubbed on the face as a rubefacient—to redden the cheeks
The avocado can be mashed and applied to the face as use as a facial
Avocado mixed with egg whites has been used to create a luster or shine to hair
Consuming cinnamon is proven to help you to do better on tests.
Attempting the “Cinnamon Challenge”
is not only stupid but dangerous!
For a long time Bay Laurels have been used as a sign of power, status and victory. They were often worn as a wreath or crown and awarded for success.
Lauraceae have fossil records that date back to the Mid-Cretaceous Period
In Chinese medicine cinnamon has been used to treat colds, flatulence, nausea, diarrhea, and painful menstrual cramps.
The odor of the bay laurel is also repellent to
insects. The trees are generally free of
pests and are even said to extend that
resistance to nearby plants.
Health and Medicinal
Home and Beauty
Cinnamon is super versatile!
Spice for sweets
Spice for savory meals such as lamb and chicken
Fish and meat preservative
Flavoring for some alcohols
Can be consumed all by itself (please do NOT try the cinnamon challenge)
Used as a flavoring agent in chocolate
More than just a spice- it's also nice to your body!
In ancient times, it was thought to cure snakebites, freckles, the common cold, and kidney troubles
Shown to be an anti-viral against HIV-1
cinnamon and cinnamon extract in the diet may help type 2 diabetics to control blood glucose levels
May help reduce the effects of Alzheimers
Can be used as an antioxidant
Make yourself beautiful with something already found in your spice cabinet.
Used in popuri to create a nice fragrance in the home
Mixed in with facial wash to create a natural exfoliator
Cinnamon mixed with olive oil is thought to make your hair grow
Breath freshener- forgot to brush your teeth? Good thing you carry extra cinnamon sticks with you!
Give your old recipes a new kick!
Used as a spice and garnish- Bay Laurels are actually abrasive to the stomach if eaten whole
Crushed Bay Laurels (safe for ingestion) are used to flavor soups and alcohols
Health, Medicinal, & Beauty
Man, is this Bay Laurel stuff awesome!
As an aqueous solution, can be used as an astringent and salve for open wounds
Used in aromatherapy to treat high blood pressure, earaches, and arthritis
Can be used as an inhibitor of skin cancer
Main ingredient in a certain soap called Aleppo
Sassafras is more than just a nickname for your sassy little sister!
Health, Medicinal, & Home
Some of it's good for you, some of it's bad! Stay away from safrole!
Roots used in the flavoring of traditional root beer until being banned for mass production by the FDA
The roots were seeped to make teas (also now banned by the FDA)
Used as a main spice in Gumbo
Roots in which safrole has been removed is still a main ingredient in tea and root beer
Heath, Medicine, & Home
This is where the safrole comes in handy!
Native Americans used burned Sassafras to ward off evil spirits
The oil has been found to treat numerous health issues such as
sexually transmitted diseases
Safrole is a main ingredient in insecticides
The wood of the Sassafras trees is exceptionally beautiful and durable
History of Cinnamon
Laurel began as an evergreen tree native to the Mediterranean
Brought to England in the 15th century and North America in the 17th, it now has a worldwide distribution
In Ancient Greece they were used for Victors, rulers, and great scholars.
During the reign of Elizabeth I, laurel leaves were strewn on the floor of distinguished people, as a symbol of their importance.
The superstitious believed the leaves could keep away evil spirits.
Bay laurel leaves are still used today to season foods, usually cooked whole in the food and then removed
There are many varieties grown around the world.
They are grown as herbs or shrubs as well as the original evergreen trees
They are still used in perfumes
Avocados were first used (in the context of making Guacamole) by Aztecs
Fossils from this genera (Perseeae) have been found all over the globe
They are now used worldwide in food stuffs
The leaves are still used to make tea
In South America, they prepare a contraceptive using crushed avocado seed
Despite its exotic, distant origin, Cinnamon was known and widely used in the ancient world. The Arabs were the first to introduce it to the west and dominated the trade for centuries.
Cinnamon was used by Egyptians and other Mediterranean civilizations
True cinnamon first came from what we know now as Sri Lanka
The Arabs told stories meant to protect how and where they actually got the cinnamon from.
The Arabs controlled cinnamon trade for almost 3000 years
After the Arabs, the plantations went from portuguese control to Dutch
They had to burn much of it just to preserve the economic value
Then the British invaded and took possession of the plantations
The Dutch took with them seeds, from which point cinnamon spread across the globe
Today, cinnamon from Sri Lanka is still considered the best
There are many more places to get it from now though
As a spice, is now generally used for Christmas cooking or other treats
Today, just like in the past, there are many medicinal uses for it
The uses of cinnamon will probably remain much the same as it has through history
Cinnamon has lost some uses over the years, and the use of cinnamon may continue to decrease.
But, with the use of technology now, many uses once forgotten might come forward and become more widely used once again.
Mostly evergreen trees (or descendents of) that grow on most all the continents and on many islands
The fruits are all drupes, a one-seeded, fleshy fruit that has a hard endorcarp covering the seed
There are still more being identified
The taxonomy is still changing
They will continue to be used in flavoring foods
The only thing that will change in regards to this, will be the preference of which type to use
You may be surprised to find out that the wild-type of Lauraceae is almost identical to the plants found today in the family.
You could be eating from the same Bay Laurel plant as they did in the Bible!
Woody stemmed Plants
Range from 1 m shrubs to 50 m trees
Smooth bark with numerous lenticels
Buttressing is common
Some pnematophores (swampy areas)
Dark Green & Leathery
Simple leave Ranging from 1-60 cm
Alternate or opposite arrangement
Elliptic shaped leaves
Entire margin (except sassafras)
Contain idioblasts that secret oils
Stems & Roots
Small (2-10 mm in diameter)
2 whorls of tepals
Anther flap opens upwards
Drupe or one seeded berry
Usually Black at maturity
Often surrounded by perianth cup
Ripen around February or March
"American Journal of Botany." Anatomy and Development of Fruits of Lauraceae from the Middle Eocene Princeton Chert. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
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Lauraceae is the most economically important family in the order
Lauraceae contains 50 genera, which is more than half the genera in the order and about eight-ninths of the various species (2,500) within the order
Lauraceae is distributed throughout tropical and subtropical regions; principally Southeast Asia and tropical America, particularly Brazil.
Some 66 percent of the species occur in only 6 genera:
Laurales, the laurel order of flowering plants, contains:
about 2,900 species
Members of Laurales are trees, shrubs, or woody vines
Most are found in tropical or warm temperate climates
Used by Native Americans in many treatments, for many ailments
It was believed it helped you lose weight
Has been cultivated actively since 1630 for its leaves, bark and wood
Might have been discovered before 1630, by the Spaniards in Florida
Native to North America and Asia
The name is thought to come from a mispronunciation of the Spanish word "saxifrage"
By the 17th century, cinnamon had become the most profitable spice in the Dutch East India Company trade
California produces about 90 percent of the nation's avocado crop
About 43 percent of all U.S. households buy avocados
Cinnamon is now a staple in most U.S homes
As a world exporter of avocados: Mexico leads, followed by California, Israel, South Africa and Florida, in that order. Nearly all of Brazil's crops are consumed domestically.
Cinnamon has an interesting harvesting method.
Avocados are grown and harvested in orchards. They grow on tress.
Sassafras and Bay Laurel can be grown and harvested in many areas, including your own home.
Antioxidant activities of the selected plants from the family Euphorbiaceae, Lauraceae, Malvaceae and Balsaminaceae. D Shahwar, S ur-Rehman, N Ahmad, S Ullah, MA Raza African Journal of Biotechnology Vol 9, No 7 (2010). Web. 24 March 2014.
"Bay Laurel." Mother Earth News. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
Berry, Paul E. "Other Families." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
Bocco, Diana. "How Cinnamon Works." HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks.com, 23 Nov. 2009. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
Chanderbali, André S. Contributions to the Systematics of Lauraceae: I. Phylogeny and Historical Biogeography of Lauraceae: Evidence from the Chloroplast and Nuclear Genomes and II. a Monograph of Endlicheria (Lauraceae). N.p.: n.p., 2001. Print.
Cinnamon for health By Cathy Wong, ND Updated July 24, 2013. Web. 24 March 2014.
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Jaques, H. E. Plant Families, How to Know Them; Pictured-keys for Determining the Families of Nearly All of the Members of the Entire Plant Kingdom. Dubuque, IA: W. G. Brown, 1948. Print.
Just a Spoonful of Cinnamon Makes the Internet Rounds, By Nancy Keates. The Wall Street Journal. Web. 24 March 2014.
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