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2015 Alaska Fire Numbers

Alaska Wildland Fire statistics for the 2015 season - January to September 15, 2015
by

GaBriella Branson

on 17 November 2015

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Transcript of 2015 Alaska Fire Numbers

Alaska
Fire Numbers
2015
OUTLOOK
FIRES
& ACRES

RESOURCES
__________________
__________________
CREWS
OVERHEAD
8%
AIRCRAFT
EQUIPMENT
from
from
from
48%
from
637
filled
orders
92%
182 filled
engine
DISCLAIMER
The numbers represented are a moment in time and are subject to change. All fires and acres as of September 15, 2015.

Reported perimeter acreage was used as authoritative over user entered acres in the event of a discrepancy.

Resource data gleaned from ROSS reports.
Collabortatively produced by AICC Predictive Services
448
filled orders
52%
orders
TEAMS
from
from
SINGLE RESOURCES
from
from
42 Type 2 Crews
Included North Star, UAF, and 2 ad hoc village crews
3 Hotshot Crews
Pioneer Peak only crew that started as Type 1 this summer
5 Type 2IA Crews
33 Hotshots
49 Type 2IA Crews
22 Type 2 Crews
Alaskans to
One Type 1
Two Type 2
Nine Type 2
One Wildland Fire Management
Two Type 3
13+ Type 3 (all ad hoc)
ROSS Team Breakout
Chugach
Delta
Fairbanks
Galena
Kenai
Mat-Su/Southwest
Tanana
Tok
14 Wildland Fire Modules
4,668
filled orders
50%
50%
filled by
2,634
individuals
54%
46%
from
from
5 Airtankers
1 Air Tactical
4 Helicopters
412 Overhead
Type 1 Team
3 IHCs
6 T2IA
25 T2
None
766 Fires
5.1 Million Acres
27 K
5.1 M
Acres
AFS - 261 Fires - 4 Million Acres
DOF - 479 Fires - 1 Million Acres
USFS - 26 Fires - 700 Acres
ZONES
AREAS
FORESTS
1
93
94
Galena
350
416
Tanana
Upper Yukon
Military
Southwest
Fairbanks
Delta
Tok
Anchorage/Mat-Su
Copper River
Kenai - Kodiak
Haines
Chugach
Tongass
acres
landowner fires
and
acres
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Bureau of Land Management
Department of Defense
State of Alaska
Native Corporation
National Park Service
Private
U.S. Forest Service
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
*
Acres are rounded where applicable - this is to simplify the data. For more exact numbers see your handout.
Fires
acres
1.2 Million+
acres
94
ALL
2.5 Million+
acres
36
5
31
200,000+
37
acres
41,000+
31
6
acres
126
900,000+
9
117
81
acres
50,000+
61
20
acres
21
23,000+
12
9
acres
38
80,000+
22
16
102
acres
7,000+
95
7
acres
41
900+
23
19
acres
69
14,000+
68
1
acres
1
1
10
acres
~800
8
2
16
~5
14
2
5 fires
~17,000 acres
79 fires
1.6 Million+ acres
36 fires
~6,000 acres
111 fires
585,000+ acres
26 fires
114,000+ acres
174 fires
10,000+ acres
247 fires
1.2 Million+ acres
12 fires
645 acres
74 fires
1.5 Million+ acres
The March Fire Potential Outlook anticipated an above-normal spring (April), and a return to normal in May and June due to a lack of strong indications that conditions would remain above normal.

Significantly warmer than normal temperatures over most of Alaska.
What we expected:
What we experienced:
A warm and very dry spring followed by a pattern that allowed significant lightning from slow moving thunderstorms. The storms dropped their rain over a limited area, leaving the periphery dry enough for the lightning to easily start fires. This pattern led to 295 fires in a seven day period.
After the intense week with 295 fire starts, the overall summer weather was not extremely unusual. Late July and August rainfall ended fire season about the third week in August.
This is considered pretty normal.
It was all about the lightning...over 61K strikes in one week!
And the fuels...
4 Fuels and Fire Behavior Adivisories issued
5/15-5/31: North of the Alaska Range focused along Tanana Valley
Early unseasonably warm and very dry weather, combined with pre-green fuels.
5/22-5/31: Tanana Valley, Upper Yukon Valley and Copper River Basin
Early unseasonably warm and very dry weather, combined with pre-green fuels.
6/21-6/28: Much of the Interior Boreal Forest of Alaska
Peak season conditions, pushed by above normal temperatures and low humidities, combined with fuels exposed to early season drying.
7/3-7/15: West and Central Interior of Alaska
Peak season conditions aggravated by above normal temperature and lack of wetting rain.
Structures Lost
Card Street 3 residences, 8 outbuildings
Carlson Lake 1 trapper cabin
Dillingham 2 abandoned structures
Eden Creek 2 outbuildings
Iditarod River 3 outbuildings
Kilo 1 main structure, 1 outbuilding
Lloyd 5 residences
North Aniak 1 outbuilding
Nulato 1 outbuilding, 1 abandoned residence
Rex Complex 6 residences
Sockeye 55 residences, 44 damaged
Twin Creeks 2 residences, 1 commercial, 1 outbuilding
What Made 2015 UNIQUE
unique: being the only one of its kind; unlike anything else
24 days at PL 5
Lightning - and a lot of it.

Over 61K strikes in one week!
Extremely dry fuels!!
Example:
Sockeye initial attacked at 2 acres. By first Sit Report it was 6,500 acres!

Card Street reported as 1 acre and grew to 1,200 on first day and 9,000 on the second.
Fires burnt readily in old fire scars.
Over 90 merged fires.
Largest fire: 533 - Big Creek Two at 312,918 acres.
This single fire consumed 4 others.
312,918 Big Creek Two
35,748 Flint Creek
3,410 Tip Creek
52,108 Lost River
29,501 Trail Creek
433,685 TOTAL ACRES
42 days with more than 20 staffed fires a day.
Nine days with more than 10 fires staffed.
51 total days of staffed fires over double digits.
Fires staffed continuously from
May 16 to September 10.

Peaked at 45 staffed fires
on June 29/30.
999 personnel assigned on June 17,
over 2,000 on June 23.
By June 29 there were 3,174 personnel assigned to incidents.
After July 13 the numbers dropped below 2,000.
On July 28 personnel numbered less than 1,000.
Finally on August 2 there were less than 500 personnel assigned to fires.
22 jet loads from the Lower-48 mobilized crews
Barges were hired to get food to fires along rivers
Alaska
Fire Numbers
2015
*
*
*
*
*
* indicates ad hoc teams were used, but not counted
Full transcript