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Dieppe & D- Day
Transcript of Dieppe & D- Day
launched an attack on a small town in France
called Dieppe. The purpose of the attack was to gain experience for the Canadian soldiers who had not fought yet in the war. And the objective was to seize and hold a major port for a short period of time, and to gather intelligence from German prisoners and captured materials and documents. A total of 3,623 of the 6,086 men who made it ashore were either killed, wounded, or captured DIEPPE The PLAN The OUTCOME The BATTLE Canadian troops taking part in the raid included: Royal Highland Regiment South Saskatchewan Regiment Cameron Highlanders of Canada Royal Hamilton Light Infantry Royal Regiment of Canada The Dieppe raid was a major operation planned by Admiral Lord Mountbatten. The attacking force would consist of around 5,000 Canadians, 1,000 British troops, and 50 United States Rangers. The Royal Navy would supply 237 ships and landing craft, and the Royal Air Force 74 squadrons of aircraft, of which 66 were fighter squadrons. The plan called for an unimaginative frontal assault, without any heavy preliminary air support. Under pressure from the Canadian government to ensure that Canadian troops saw some action, the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division was selected for the main force. Intelligence on the area was sparse. There were dug in German gun positions on the cliffs, but these had not been detected or spotted by photographers. The planners had assessed the beach and its suitability for tanks only by scanning holiday snapshots, which both led to an underestimation of the strength of the terrain. It was a major disaster; only the battle-hardened British commandos assigned to subdue the coast artillery batteries near Varengeville and Berneval enjoyed some success. Troops of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division landing at Puys, 1.6 km east, and Pourville, 3 km west, failed to achieve any of their objectives. The raid lasted only 9 hours Two Canadians, the Honorable Captain J.W. Foote of the Royal Hamilton Light Infantry and Lieutenant-Colonel C.C. Merritt, commanding officer of the South Saskatchewan Regiment, received the VICTORIA CROSS. In the air battle the Allies lost 106 aircraft and 81 airmen, the RCAF 13 machines and 10 pilots. German casualties were light, although they could ill afford the loss of 48 aircraft. Although it has been suggested that the Germans had prior knowledge of the raid, there is much evidence to the contrary. The enemy was alert but not forewarned, and failure was primarily caused by poor and overly complex planning, inadequate training, insufficient fire support, and the employment of troops undergoing large amounts of fire. At 0500 on August 19th, 1942, the men from the Royal Regiment of Canada began approaching the beach of Puys, a small seaside village two kilometres east of Dieppe.
They were already behind schedule and, as the sun rose, their presence was detected. The Germans took aim at the landing crafts that were still ten metres from the shore.
At 0507, the first LCA lowered its ramp. Canadian soldiers dashed forward in the noise of machine-gun and mortar fire that targeted them.
They fell, mowed down by bullets, hit by mortar shells. Some tried to reach the seawall bordering the beach, hoping to find shelter. They were to be made prisoner after a few hours of useless resistance. A few kilometres away, to the left near Berneval and to the right near Pourville, other battalions landed.
More men were killed by machine-gun fire and struck by mortar shells. Several platoons managed to break through enemy defence lines and closed in on their targets.
Their determination was no match for the might of the German army. Order was given to pull back at 1100
Navy personnel did the utmost to retrieve as many assault troops as possible. The raid was over. As the tide rose, the wounded who remained on the beach were carried away by the waves with the dead. D-DAY The Plan The Battle The Outcome Compare & Contrast 1)To what extent did Canada learn from its mistakes at Dieppe? 2)What was the significance of the D-Day landings? The Normandy landings were the landing operations of the Allied invasion of Normandy, also known as Operation Neptune and Operation Overlord, during World War II. The landings were planned to occur on Tuesday, 6 June 1944, beginning at 6:30 AM The assault was conducted in two phases:
an air assault landing of 24,000 American, British, Canadian and Free French airborne troops shortly after midnight, and an amphibious landing of Allied infantry and armoured divisions on the coast of France commencing at 6:30 AM. The operation was the largest amphibious invasion of all time, with over 160,000 troops landing on 6 June 1944. 195,700 Allied naval and merchant navy personnel in over 5,000 ships were involved The Canadians were set to land on and attack Juno Beach. Of the 306 landing crafts, 90 were destroyed before even reaching the Normand ground The landings took place along a 50-mile (80 km) stretch of the Normandy coast divided into five sectors: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword. The Canadian forces that landed on Juno Beach faced 11 heavy batteries of 155 mm guns and 9 medium batteries of 75 mm guns, as well as machine-gun nests, pillboxes, other concrete fortifications, and a seawall twice the height of the one at Omaha Beach. The first wave of soldiers suffered 50 percent casualties, the second highest of the five D-Day beachheads. Despite the obstacles, within hours the Canadians were off the beach and beginning their advance inland. By the end of D-Day, 15,000 Canadians had been successfully landed, and the 3rd Canadian Division had penetrated further into France than any other Allied force, despite having faced such strong resistance at the beachhead. By the end of D-Day, 15,000 Canadians had been successfully landed, and the 3rd Canadian Division had penetrated further into France than any other Allied force, despite having faced such strong resistance at the beachhead. With the victory at Juno, Sword, Omaha, Gold
and Utah beach, the Allies were able to gain a
foothold in Europe, changing the outcome of the
Total allied casualties (killed, wounded, missing, or captured) are estimated at approximately 10,000.
United States–6,603, of which 2,499 fatal.
Canada–1,074, of which 359 fatal The Allies needed to gain a foothold
in Europe so that they could gain a
western front. By gaining a western front
the eastern front in Russia would be somewhat
relieved from the pressure of the germans.
The germans would then have had to spread its
forces even more with the effort of holding and
taking ground. The Allies NEEDED to get the
foothold they had gained on D-Day so they could
push furhter into Europe and stop the oppression of
the germans. Canada gained the experience it needed.
We had plunged head first into the war,
and we had taken our first initiative to take
our part in the resistence. We also learned
strategic lessons, such as the fact that we
needed to have better communication. We
also needed more air support, and there needed
to be an air assault before hand so as to shake
loose the german defense, and destroy any
obstacles that the men and tanks would face.