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Group Art Therapy For Bereavement
Transcript of Group Art Therapy For Bereavement
How children experience grief
What is bereavement?
Zixi, Joanne,Elizabeth, & Azin
"I could draw it, a dreamer says to us,
but I don't know how to say it."
The psychological and physical states that occur when someone suffers a serious loss, either through death or through another unwanted separation.
Goals of Therapy
The therapeutic use of art making, within a professional relationship, by people who experience illness, trauma or challenges in living, and by people who seek personal development.
What is art therapy??
Theoretical Approaches to Art Therapy
client has lost someone due to unusual circumstances
client has personality, developmental, emotional issues that need to be addressed
focus on adjustment process
no unresolved issues with deceased,
have successfully coped with severe stress before,
difficulties may be resolved with or without therapy
usually adult griever
Introduction & Assessment
The art activity used to initiate the art therapy process was a self portrait.
Students were asked to draw a picture of themselves and share it with the group.
They presented their artwork to the group and said a few words about themselves.
Exploring feelings associated with loss. Activity:Feeling Faces Chart.
Discussion focused on how people can be remembered
Think about the legacies those lost loved ones left behind.
Focused on ways of coping with emotions and memories evoked by grief.
Became knowledgeable about the grief process.
Reflected on theme of previous session in a new activity
Foster the idea of group cooperation and collaboration while encouraging them to see their initial artwork from a different perspective
The final session ended with a reflection and an emphasis on new beginnings.
Activity: Memory boxes; asked to write down a couple of central ideas they were going to take with them from the group
FOR BEREAVED CHILDREN
Understanding that a loss has occurred and establishing feelings of basic safety and security
Establishing a new sense of identity in relation to the loss.
Investing in new relationships.
Returning to age-appropriate
Children come to an acceptance of the reality and permanence of the loss
interpretation of artwork
Encourages the child to experience for themself the meaning of their art production.
If the child feels safe in the group others can add their views and the child can decide if those contributions add to their own understanding.
Does their artwork “Speak Back?"
Artwork review near the end of therapy can help children notice themes running through their work.
- be consistent
- eliminate intrusions and betrayals
- limits of time, space and behaviour
- through verbal and non-verbal ways
techniques to facilitate expression
A starter for expression
Breaking through the wall.
Emotional expression of grief.
Normalizing grief reaction.
Children rely more on family structure
Children have immature cognition that interferes with their understanding
Children may have more difficulty tolerating emotional pain
Includes various textures and types of fabric
Collage and dying techniques are usually used
Suitable for clients with medium to high cognitive functioning level
Watercolor and acrylics are usually used
Suitable for clients with all level of cognitive functioning
"Warm Fuzzy" Wall Hanging
Difficult but rewarding for clients because of its tactile nature
Normally used for clients with medium to high cognitive functioning.
An artform that brings together different materials.
Amplification, Active Imagination
Materials can include fabric, books, flowers, feathers, etc.
Mirror, the artist reflects feelings of happiness using glitters
Pencils, markers, and crayons.
Clients can express themselves using different mediums.
Reasons for group therapy
Represents a child's inner world
Scary Monster Mask
McCall, J. B. (2004). Bereavement counselling: pastoral care for complicated grieving. New York, NY: The Haworth Press, Inc.
Rubin, J. A. (2005). Child Art Therapy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Stern, M. S. (1985). Psychotherapy and the grieving patient. New York, NY: The Haworth Press, Inc.
Feen-Calligan, H., Mclntyre, B. & Sands-Goldstein, M. (2009). Art therapy applications of dolls in grief recovery, identity, and community service. Journal of American Art Therapy Association. 26(4), 167-173.
A tape recorder
Tell me your story behind the art
A doll that represents Lisa's sister
Child vs. Adult Grief
Finn, C. A. (2003). Helping students cope with loss: Incorporating art into group counseling. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 28(2), 155-165. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0193392203028002006
Cook, A. S., & Dworkin, D. S. (1992). Helping the bereaved: Therapeutic interventions for children, adolescents, and adults. New York: Basic Books.
Malchiodi, C. A. (2003). Handbook of art therapy. New York: Guilford Press.
Wadeson, H. (1987). The dynamics of art psychotherapy. New York: Wiley.
McNiff, S. (1988). Fundamentals of art therapy. Springfield, Ill., U.S.A.: C.C. Thomas.
Case, C., & Dalley, T. (2006). The handbook of art therapy (2nd ed.). London ; New York: Routledge.
Promote social skills
Mutual problem solving
Sense of belonging and identity
A different perspective on loss
Mood & Unusual
Is Art Therapy Effective