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Principles of Kinesio Taping

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by

Karen Lassman-Eul

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of Principles of Kinesio Taping

Principles of Kinesio Taping
By Karen Lassman-Eul, OTR
and
Linsey Gray, COTA


Sensory Stimulation to the Skin
Lymphatic/Edema Function

Skin movement during full ROM is needed for Lymphatic function
Possible negative pressure mechanism is facilitated by muscle contraction and relaxation
Theory supports massage compression and active motion as edema reduction catalysis
Lymphatic/Edema Function
Skin movement during full ROM is needed for Lymphatic function
Possible negative pressure mechanism is facilitated by muscle contraction and relaxation
Theory supports massage compression and active motion as edema reduction catalysis
Pain Reduction
Relieves pain or abnormal feelings on the skin and in the muscles
Increases sensory stimulation to mechanoreceptors, thus activates the endogenous analgesic system
Reduces inflammation, decrease pressure on pain receptors
Gate Control (alternative stimulation)
May activate the spinal inhibitory system by stimulating touch receptors
Tape over the site of pain
Inhibition stressed muscle
Space correction Techniques
Decompression Taping

Accepted Uses of Kinesio Taping
Sensory Stimulation to the Skin
Muscle Facilitation or Inhibitation
Pain Reduction
Joint/Skeletal Stabilization
Lymphatic/Edema Reduction
Scar Mobilization


Skin surface sensory receptors include tactile, kinesio and thermal receptors
CNS response is influenced by stimulation to these receptors
Tape applied to the skin is thought to stimulate these receptors
The Basics of Applying Kinesio Tape
Facilitating or Inhibiting Muscle Function
Taping is used to facilitate or inhibit a muscle using different tape tension and different positions.
Tape application direction will determine muscle reaction (inhibition or contraction)
Kinesio Taping improves muscle contraction of a weaken muscle
Reduces muscle fatigue/spasm
Reduces over-extension and over-contraction
Increases Range of Motion
Proprioceptive feedback/muscle re-education

Joint Stabilization


Adjusts misalignment causes by spasm and shortened muscle
Similar to McConnell taping
Usually combined with other taping techniques




Apply tape to tissue when it is in a stretched position.
Never have tension on the anchor or ends of the tape. Tension is only applied to the therapeutic zone of the tape.
Tthe anchor and ends should be applied just outside the target tissue area and never on the target tissue itself.
Always round the edges of the tape.
Always round the edges of the tape.
Once tape is applied rub tape to ensure activation of the adhesive.


Tape Ends Therapeutic Zone Tape Anchor

I strip
Y strip
X strip
Therapeutic Zone Tape Anchor
Fan Cut
Taping Tension Guidelines
Functional Muscle Facilatory/Inhibitory
Fascia correction or Scar Mobilization
Space correction or Joint Stabilization
Ligament / Tendon correction
Mechanical correction
Circulatory / Lymphatic / Edema correction

6 Corrective Taping Techniques
Direction of Placing the Tape:
Origin to Insertion
Stretch Tape: 10-20% (max is 40%)
Tape tension facilitates the muscle
Tape “ rebound” provides proprioceptive input of feedback
Stimulate muscle contraction during use
“Y” Taping to surround or enclose muscle
Principles of Kinesio Taping-Muscle Facilitation
Principles of Kinesio Taping-Muscle
Inhibition
Direction of Placing the Tape:
Insertion to Origin
Stretch Tape: 0-10% (max is 40%)
Tape tension inhibits the muscle
Tape “ rebound” provides proprioceptive input of feedback in opposite direction
Stimulate muscle lengthening during use
“Y” Taping to surround or enclose muscle

Tape over the edematous area
Direction of tape is not significant
Stretch tape: 0-10% (40% Max)
Fan shape taping is most common following lymphatic drainage system

Principles of Edema Taping
Applied with 50-75% tension
Maintains Circulation
Maintains AROM
Supports and provides positional hold
Stretch Tape: 40% (max)
“X” taping technique

Taping for Mechanical Correction
Flassid/Hemi
Shoulder
Lab
Examine the
Properties
of Keniso Tape
Lab
Questions ?


Thank You
Learning Objectives:
To understand the principles of Kinesio Taping
To be able to distinguish different therapeutic application of Kinesio Taping
Demonstrate an understanding of the properties of Kinesio Taping
To be able to identify an understanding of the benefits of Kinesio Taping
Muscle re-education
Helps reduce muscle fatigue
Limits over-extension and over-contraction of muscle tissue
Reduces muscle cramping
Reduces pain
Reduces inflammation
Reduces edema
Assists in improving ROM
Assists with joint function
Aids in scar mobilization

Benefits of Kinesio Taping
Full transcript